I think a more accurate explanation is this:
The Reflection classes are designed to reflect upon the source code of an application, not on any runtime information.
I think you misunderstand the ReflectionProperty constructor in your example above. The fact that it accepts an object as argument is just a convenience feature - you are actually inspecting the class of that object, not the object itself, so it's basically equivalent to:
$Reflection = new ReflectionProperty(get_class($a), 'a');
$Reflection = new ReflectionProperty(get_class($a), 'foo');
Getting the class of the object you're passing in is implied, since inspecting a defined property is the purpose of this class.
In your example, $a->foo is a dynamic member - it is not defined as a member of class, so there is no defining class reference, line number, default value, etc. - which means, there is nothing to reflect upon.
Clearly this very useful library could use some real documentation...