PHP 7.1.0 Release Candidate 3 Released


(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5, PHP 7)

pg_fetch_resultReturns values from a result resource


string pg_fetch_result ( resource $result , int $row , mixed $field )
string pg_fetch_result ( resource $result , mixed $field )

pg_fetch_result() returns the value of a particular row and field (column) in a PostgreSQL result resource.


This function used to be called pg_result().



PostgreSQL query result resource, returned by pg_query(), pg_query_params() or pg_execute() (among others).


Row number in result to fetch. Rows are numbered from 0 upwards. If omitted, next row is fetched.


A string representing the name of the field (column) to fetch, otherwise an int representing the field number to fetch. Fields are numbered from 0 upwards.

Valorile întoarse

Boolean is returned as "t" or "f". All other types, including arrays are returned as strings formatted in the same default PostgreSQL manner that you would see in the psql program. Database NULL values are returned as NULL.

FALSE is returned if row exceeds the number of rows in the set, or on any other error.


Example #1 pg_fetch_result() example

pg_connect("dbname=users user=me") || die();

$res pg_query($db"SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 2");

$val pg_fetch_result($res10);

"First field in the second row is: "$val"\n";

Exemplul de mai sus va afișa:

First field in the second row is: 2

A se vedea și

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

14 years ago
Comment on boolean fields:

If you retrieve a boolean value from the PostgreSQL database, be aware that the value returned will be either the character 't' or the character 'f', not an integer.  So, the statement

     if (pg_fetch_result($rsRecords,0,'blnTrueFalseField')) {
       echo "TRUE";
     } else {
       echo "FALSE";

will echo "TRUE" in either case (True or False stored in the field).  In order to work as expected, do this instead:

     if (pg_fetch_result($rsRecords,0,'blnTrueFalseField') == 't') {
       echo "TRUE";
     } else {
       echo "FALSE";
Alan U. Kennington
10 years ago
See bug #33809
Whether this really is a bug or a feature is not clear.
However, it is probably best to always put your column names in extra quotes.

$res = pg_query(...);
$colname = pg_field_name($res, $j);
pg_fetch_result($res, $i, "\"$colname\"");
11 years ago
Use can use pg_fetch_result when getting a value (like a smallint as in this example) returned by your stored procedure

= pg_connect("dbname=users user=me");

$userNameToCheckFor = "metal";

$result = pg_query($pgConnection, "SELECT howManyUsersHaveThisName('$userNameToCheckFor')");

$count = pg_fetch_result($result, 0, 'howManyUsersHaveThisName');

Alan U Kennington
10 years ago
In order to use upper case in pg_fetch_result column names, it is apparently necessary to include explicit quotation marks.

Thus when I do this sort of thing:

$res = pg_query(...);
$ncols = pg_num_fields($res);
for ($j = 0; $j < $ncols; ++$j) {
    $colname[$j] = pg_field_name($res, $j);
    $name = htmlspecialchars($colname[$j]);
    print("Column $j name = \"$name\"\n");
    $value = htmlspecialchars(pg_fetch_result($res, 0, $colname[$j]));
    print("Column \"{$colname[$j]}\" value = \"$value\"\n");

I get this sort of thing:

Warning: pg_fetch_result() []: Bad column offset specified in /.../view.php on line 247
Column 8 name = "VEC index"
Column "VEC index" value = ""

But if I change the $value line to this:

$value = htmlspecialchars(pg_fetch_result($res, 0, "\"$colname[$j]\""));

I get this:

Column 8 name = "VEC index"
Column "VEC index" value[0] = "47"

In my opinion, pg_fetch_result(...) should use the quotes already. In other words, this may be a bug in the PHP postgres library. It does not seem to be a documented feature of pg_fetch_result() although the postgresql manual documents it under "SQL syntax", "Lexical structure".

PHP version 5.1.4.
psql version 8.1.4.
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