strspn

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

strspn마스크에 매치하는 초기 세그먼트의 길이를 찾는다

설명

int strspn ( string $str1 , string $str2 [, int $start [, int $length ]] )

마스크에 매치하는 초기 세그먼트의 길이를 찾습니다.

간단한 코드:

<?php
$var 
strspn ("42 is the answer, what is the question ...""1234567890");
?>
문자열 "42"가 "1234567890"으로 구성되는 가장 긴 세그먼트이기에, $var에 2가 들어갑니다.

인수

str1

첫번째 문자열.

str2

두번째 문자열.

start

검사할 문자열의 시작 위치. 음수는 문자열 마지막에서부터 위치를 셉니다.

length

검사할 문자열의 길이. 음수는 문자열 끝에서부터 길이를 설정합니다.

반환값

str1에서 str2의 모든 문자들로 구성되는 최초 세그먼트의 길이를 반환합니다.

버전 설명
4.3.0 startlength 인수 추가

예제

Example #1 strspn() 예제

<?php
echo strspn("foo""o"12); // 2
?>

주의

Note: 이 함수는 바이너리 안전입니다.

참고

  • strcspn() - 마스크에 매칭하지 않는 처음 세그먼트의 길이를 찾습니다

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
18
AT-HE (at_he.hotmail)
8 years ago
you can use this function with strlen to check illegal characters, string lenght must be the same than strspn (characters from my string contained in another)

<?php

$digits
='0123456789';

if (
strlen($phone) != strspn($phone,$digits))
echo
"illegal characters";

?>
up
16
barry dot balkowski at gmail dot com
11 years ago
It took me some time to understand the way this function works…
I’ve compiled my own explanation with my own words that is more understandable for me personally than the official one or those that can be found in different tutorials on the web.
Perhaps, it will save someone several minutes…

<?php
strspn
(string $haystack, string $char_list [, int $start [, int $length]])
?>

The way it works:
-   searches for a segment of $haystack that consists entirely from supplied through the second argument chars
-   $haystack must start from one of the chars supplied through $char_list, otherwise the function will find nothing
-   as soon as the function encounters a char that was not mentioned in $chars it understands that the segment is over and stops (it doesn’t search for the second, third and so on segments)
-   finally, it measures the segment’s length and return it (i.e. length)

In other words it finds a span (only the first one) in the string that consists entirely form chars supplied in $chars_list and returns its length
up
8
B Crawford
11 years ago
This function is significantly faster for checking illegal characters than the equivalent preg_match() method.
up
4
bob at example dot com
7 years ago
Quick way to check if a string consists entirely of characters within the mask is to compare strspn with strlen eg:

<?php
$path
= $_SERVER['PATH_INFO'];
if (
strspn($path,'/') == strlen($path)) {
   
//PATH_INFO is empty
}
?>
up
2
Dmitry Mazur
10 years ago
The second parameter is a set of allowed characters.
strspn will return an zero-based index of a first non-allowed character.
up
2
mrsohailkhan at gmail dot com
8 years ago
very dificult to get from the definition directly, while i search for that,i came to know that

strspn() will tell you the length of a string consisting entirely of the set of characters in accept set. That is, it starts walking down str until it finds a character that is not in the set (that is, a character that is not to be accepted), and returns the length of the string so far.

and

strcspn() works much the same way, except that it walks down str until it finds a character in the reject set (that is, a character that is to be rejected.) It then returns the length of the string so far.

<?php
$acceptSet
= "aeiou";
$rejectSet  = "y";

$str1 ="a banana";
$str2 ="the bolivian navy on manuvers in the south pacific";

echo
$n = strspn($str1,$acceptSet);// $n == 1, just "a"

echo $n = strcspn($str2,$rejectSet);// n = 16, "the bolivian nav"
?>

hope this example will help in understanding the concept of strspn() and strcspn().
up
1
nino dot skopac at gmail dot com
1 year ago
strspon and preg_match seem to be equally fast for validating numbers:

<?php

$testValInvalid
= 'foobar123^^';
$testValValid = '12346';
$allowedChars = '1234567890';

$t1 = microtime(true);
for (
$i = 0; $i < 1000000; $i++) {
   
assert(strspn($testValInvalid, $allowedChars) != strlen($testValInvalid));
   
assert(strspn($testValValid, $allowedChars) == strlen($testValValid));
}
print
'Time taken for strspon: ' . (microtime(true) - $t1);
print
PHP_EOL;

$t1 = microtime(true);
for (
$i = 0; $i < 1000000; $i++) {
   
assert(preg_match('/^[0-9]+$/', $testValInvalid) === 0);
   
assert(preg_match('/^[0-9]+$/', $testValValid));
}

print
'Time taken for preg_match: ' . (microtime(true) - $t1);
print
PHP_EOL;

/**
nino-mcb:hosp_web ninoskopac$ php test.php
Time taken for strspon: 3.24165391922
Time taken for preg_match: 3.1820080280304
nino-mcb:hosp_web ninoskopac$ php test.php
Time taken for strspon: 3.1806418895721
Time taken for preg_match: 3.2244551181793
*/
?>
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