mysql_list_fields

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_list_fieldsMySQL 테이블 필드를 반환

설명

resource mysql_list_fields ( string $database_name , string $table_name [, resource $link_identifier ] )

주어진 테이블명에 대한 정보를 반환한다.

이 함수는 사용이 권장되지 않는다. 대신, SHOW COLUMNS FROM table [LIKE 'name']mysql_query()에서 실행하는 것을 권한다.

인수

database_name

질의된 데이터베이스명.

table_name

질의된 테이블명.

link_identifier

MySQL 연결. 지정하지 않으면 mysql_connect()로 연 마지막 연결을 사용합니다. 연결이 없으면, 인수 없이 mysql_connect()를 호출하여 연결을 만듭니다. 연결이 성립되지 않으면 E_WARNING 등급의 오류를 생성합니다.

반환값

성공하면 resource를, 실패하면 FALSE를 반환한다.

결과값은 mysql_field_flags(), mysql_field_len(), mysql_field_name(), mysql_field_type()와 함께 사용될 수 있다.

예제

Example #1 mysql_list_fields()의 기능을 대체할 예제

<?php
$result 
mysql_query("SHOW COLUMNS FROM sometable");
if (!
$result) {
    echo 
'Could not run query: ' mysql_error();
    exit;
}
if (
mysql_num_rows($result) > 0) {
    while (
$row mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) {
        
print_r($row);
    }
}
?>

위 예제의 출력 예시:

Array
(
    [Field] => id
    [Type] => int(7)
    [Null] =>  
    [Key] => PRI
    [Default] =>
    [Extra] => auto_increment
)
Array
(
    [Field] => email
    [Type] => varchar(100)
    [Null] =>
    [Key] =>
    [Default] =>
    [Extra] =>
)

주의

Note:

하위 호환을 위하여, 다음의 권장하지 않는 별칭을 사용할 수 있습니다: mysql_listfields()

참고

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
6
mbevan at marginsoftware dot com
16 years ago
If you're willing to use a lot of functions to get a little information about fields in a table, this function is for you.  If you just want to get all the information you can find, you can use this:

<?php

// Taken from: http://ca.php.net/manual/en/function.mysql-field-flags.php
// Original by: amir at scrounch dot com
// Returns the name of the fields in the primary key for a table.
// Also keeps the fields in KEY order.  Handy.
function getPrimaryKeyOf($table) {
 
$keys = Array();

 
$query = sprintf("SHOW KEYS FROM `%s`", $table);
 
$result = mysql_query($query) or die(mysql_error());

  while (
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) {
    if (
$row['Key_name'] == 'PRIMARY' )
     
$keys[$row['Seq_in_index'] - 1] = $row['Column_name'];
  }

  return
$keys;
}

// Returns a bunch of information about a table...
// The name of the auto-increment field, if any, fields in the
// primary key (using the function above), and all information
// about all fields.
function getTableInformationOf($table) {
 
$information = array(
     
"auto"    => "",
     
"primary" => array(),
     
"fields"  => array()
    );

 
$information['primary'] = $this->getPrimaryKeyOf($table);

 
$result = mysql_query("DESC `$table`");
  while (
$field = mysql_fetch_assoc($result) ) {
   
$information['fields'][] = $field;
    if (
$field['Extra'] == "auto_increment" )
     
$information['auto'] = $field['Field'];
  }

  return
$information;
}

?>
up
0
rhyous at yahoo dot com
15 years ago
To make an array containing the names of a column from a table, you use the following simple script: (Note: using table1 with three columns)

<?php
$qColumnNames
= mysql_query("SHOW COLUMNS FROM table1",$db) or die("mysql error");
$numColumns = mysql_num_rows($qColumnNames);
$x = 0;
while (
$x < $numColumns)
{
   
$colname = mysql_fetch_row($qColumnNames);
   
$col[$colname[0]] = $colname[0];
   
$x++;
}

print_r($col);

/* it will have the following output
Array (
[firstcolumn] => firstcolumn
[secondcolumn] => secondcolumn
[thirdcolumn] => thirdcolumn
)
*/
?>

Or you can number the columns from zero.  This help when using it in conjunction with mysql_fetch_row to get an array.  You don't have to remember which number of the array a certain column is.

<?php
$qColumnNames
= mysql_query("SHOW COLUMNS FROM table1",$db) or die("mysql error");
$numColumns = mysql_num_rows($qColumnNames);
$x = 0;
while (
$x < $numColumns)
{
   
$colname = mysql_fetch_row($qColumnNames);
   
$col[$colname[0]] = $x;
   
$x++;
}

print_r($col);

/* it will have the following output
Array (
[firstcolumn] => 0
[secondcolumn] => 1
[thirdcolumn] => 2
)
*/
?>

To use it in conjuction with mysql_fetch_row:

<?php
$row
= mysql_fetch_row("SELECT * from table1",$db) or die("mysql error");
?>

You can now call $row[col[firstcolumn]].  This becomes useful when you have a lot of columns.
up
-7
phpflow at gmail dot com
8 years ago
Below script is used to get all coloumn indormation of an table.When we are working custome ORM then we need to match the coloumn name with array keys.

<?php
function getColoumn($table) {
    
$result = mysql_query("SHOW COLUMNS FROM ". $table);
      if (!
$result) {
        echo
'Could not run query: ' . mysql_error();
      }
     
$fieldnames=array();
      if (
mysql_num_rows($result) > 0) {
        while (
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) {
         
$fieldnames[] = $row['Field'];
        }
      }

      return
$fieldnames;
}
?>
up
-7
dom at brainwaveuk dot com
18 years ago
mysql_list_fields() retrieves information about the given table name but you can use something like mysql_fetch_field to retrieve the field names from a result source.
up
-10
perwool at seznam dot cz
12 years ago
Every my html table output begins with heading row containing the field names. For that purpose I accepted the short combination of MySQL function, giving me a result similar to the mysql_fetch_array() for the row of values. The following example shows the basic idea. It should be adapted for the specific use:

<?php
//...
$field_names = array_keys( mysql_fetch_array( mysql_query( $query, $link), MYSQL_ASSOC));
//...
?>

The advantage of this is, that it gives the names of the result, neither the field names of the whole table.
Please read the discussion about duplicate field names in SQL result carefully. The use, as shown in the example above, increments the pointer, hence some regular function, which does not, could be more useful :-)

Jan
up
-11
steve at tequilasolutions dot com
13 years ago
Note, using mysql_list_fields will change the currently selected database so subsequent mysql_query operations will be on the database in param 1 not the one selected with mysql_select_db
up
-15
user1337 at 1337example dot com
2 years ago
asgasgashashashasashsah
dshds
hd
s
sd
j
sj
df
j
fg
j
dfhfj
gf
jr
h
yure

gfj
3w
yfg
jr
ej
dtey

y
j
uresy
hf
y
re
256
4

rhy
udf
j
d

HUI
To Top