mb_strimwidth

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5, PHP 7)

mb_strimwidthGet truncated string with specified width

설명

string mb_strimwidth ( string $str , int $start , int $width [, string $trimmarker = "" [, string $encoding = mb_internal_encoding() ]] )

Truncates string str to specified width.

인수

str

The string being decoded.

start

The start position offset. Number of characters from the beginning of string (first character is 0), or if start is negative, number of characters from the end of the string.

width

The width of the desired trim. Negative widths count from the end of the string.

trimmarker

A string that is added to the end of string when string is truncated.

encoding

encoding 인수는 문자 인코딩입니다. 생략하면, 내부 문자 인코딩값을 사용합니다.

반환값

The truncated string. If trimmarker is set, trimmarker replaces the last chars to match the width.

변경점

버전 설명
7.1.0 Support for negative starts and widths has been added.

예제

Example #1 mb_strimwidth() example

<?php
echo mb_strimwidth("Hello World"010"...");
// output: "Hello W..."
?>

참고

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

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1
felixstar4 at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Note that the trimmarker removes characters from the end of the string to trim, so

$hello = 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, lorem ipsum';
$trimmarker = '......................';
echo mb_strimwidth($hello, 0, 20,  $trimmarker);

will only add the values of the trim marker, as the character number of $trimmarker is longer than the specified value to trim to, so it will return:
......................
It is therefore better to use this:
mb_strimwidth($hello, 0, 20). $trimmarker;
as the trimmarker won't remove characters of the string in order to make space for itself. It will return:
Lorem ipsum dolor si......................
up
6
josiah dot ritchie at gmail dot com
13 years ago
While having the option to append a string to the end is nice, you can run into the problem of having a space between the append if the width is truncated after a space. I find something like this to be more attractive in the output, although messy in the code.

rtrim(mb_strimwidth($string, 0, 24))."..."
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-17
CBieser
12 years ago
<?php
function strimwidthCenter( $value, $length = 40 ) {
   
$valueEncoding = mb_detect_encoding( $value, 'auto', true );
    if (
$length >= mb_strwidth( $value, $valueEncoding ) ) {
        return
$value;
    }
   
$limited = '';
   
$firstWidth = ceil( $length/2 );
   
$secondStart = mb_strwidth( $value, $valueEncoding ) - ( $length - $firstWidth );
   
$secondWidth = $length - $firstWidth +1;
   
$limited = mb_strimwidth( $value, 0, $firstWidth, '...', $valueEncoding ) . mb_substr( $value, $secondStart, $secondWidth, $valueEncoding );
    return
$limited;
}
?>
up
-58
Rich Mehta
6 years ago
I had a problem (as in another comment) with a space being between the trailing dots and the subject being truncated. Here's how I fixed it:

<?php str_replace( " .", ".", mb_strimwidth( $subject, 0, 30, "..." ) ); ?>
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