(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

pg_meta_data Ottiene la definizione di una tabella.


pg_meta_data(resource $connessione, string $nome_tabella): array

pg_metadata() resituisce la definizione della tabella nome_tabella sotto forma di array. Se avviane un errore, restituisce false


Questa funzione รจ sperimentale.

Vedere anche pg_convert()

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 6 notes

yarnofmoo at gmail dot com
15 years ago
You can get some possibly more useful information with the query:

SELECT table_name, column_name, data_type, character_maximum_length FROM information_schema.columns WHERE table_name='tablename';
shaman_master at list dot ru
3 years ago
If parameter $extended not false:
array (size=2)
'name' =>
    array (
'num' => int 1
'type' => string 'varchar' (length=7)
'len' => int -1
'not null' => boolean false
'has default' => boolean true
'array dims' => int 0
'is enum' => boolean false
'is base' => boolean true
'is composite' => boolean false
'is pesudo' => boolean false
'description' => string '' (length=0)
'id' =>
    array (
'num' => int 2
'type' => string 'int4' (length=4)
'len' => int 4
'not null' => boolean true
'has default' => boolean true
'array dims' => int 0
'is enum' => boolean false
'is base' => boolean true
'is composite' => boolean false
'is pesudo' => boolean false
'description' => string '' (length=0)
Hayley Watson
4 years ago
To specify a schema as well as a table name, use the "schemaname.tablename" form as usual for PostgreSQL and the other functions in this extension. Without the prefix, of course, the default schema search path is used.

= pg_meta_data($dbconn, ''); // table "bar" in schema "foo"
if (is_array($meta)) {
dmiller at NOSPAM dot judcom dot nsw dot gov dot au
19 years ago
This function seems to be case-sensitive on tablename (php-4.3.1)

The Array returned is of the following structure
['field name'] => Array
     ['num'] => Field number starting at 1
     ['type'] => data type, eg varchar, int4
     ['len'] => internal storage size of field. -1 for varying
     ['not null'] => boolean
     ['has default'] => boolean

for Varied size datatypes (varchar, text, etc)
you can get the max data length from the system table pg_attribute.atttypmod -4
select attnum, attname , atttypmod -4 as field_len
from pg_attribute, pg_class
where relname='$tablename'
and attrelid=relfilenode
and attnum>=1
rburghol at vt dot edu
17 years ago
When querying on meta data from a temp table, the meta data seems to persist even if a fresh connection is established, where the temp table no longer exists.

For example, if you create a connection and a temp table like so:
$dbconn1 = pg_connect('blah blah', , PGSQL_CONNECT_FORCE_NEW);
pg_exec($dbconn1,'create temp table foo as select 'foo' as namecol, 'bar' as valcol');

Then create a new connection

$dbconn2 = pg_connect('blah blah', , PGSQL_CONNECT_FORCE_NEW);

And query the meta data for table 'foo' in this new connection, it will report the facts about this table:

"'Array ( [foo] => Array ( [num] => 1 [type] => varchar... "

However, trying to remove this table:
pg_exec($dbconn,'drop table foo');

Throws an error:
pg_exec(): Query failed: ERROR: table "foo" does not exist in ...
jsnell at e-normous dot com
14 years ago
The built in function does not provide any support for selecting a schema.  If you need schema support and do not want to alter your SEARCH_PATH, the following function can provide it:

function meta_data($table, $schema = 'public')
$result = pg_query_params("SELECT a.attname, a.attnum, t.typname, a.attlen, a.attnotNULL, a.atthasdef, a.attndims
FROM pg_class as c, pg_attribute a, pg_type t, pg_namespace n
WHERE a.attnum > 0
AND a.attrelid = c.oid
AND c.relname = $1
AND a.atttypid = t.oid
AND n.oid = c.relnamespace
AND n.nspname = $2
ORDER BY a.attnum", array($table, $schema));
$fields = array();
while($row = pg_fetch_array()) {
$fields['attname'] = $row;
        return $fields;
To Top