PHP 5.4.33 Released

get_html_translation_table

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

get_html_translation_table Restituisce la tabella di decodifica utilizzata da htmlspecialchars() e htmlentities()

Descrizione

array get_html_translation_table ([ int $table [, int $quote_style ]] )

La funzione get_html_translation_table() restituisce la tabella di decodifica utilizzata dalle funzioni htmlspecialchars() e htmlentities().

Esistono due nuove costanti (HTML_ENTITIES, HTML_SPECIALCHARS) che permettono di indicare quale tabella sid esidera. Inoltre nelle funzioni htmlspecialchars() e htmlentities(), opzionalmente, si può specificare il quote_style con cui si lavora. Il default è ENT_COMPAT. Vedere la descrizione di queste modalità in htmlspecialchars().

Example #1 Esempio della tabella di decodifica

<?php
$trans 
get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES);
$str "Hallo & <Frau> & Krämer";
$encoded strtr($str$trans);

echo 
$encoded;
?>

Il precedente esempio visualizzerà:

Hallo &amp; &lt;Frau&gt; &amp; Kr&auml;mer

Vedere anche: htmlspecialchars(), htmlentities(), strtr() e array_flip().

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User Contributed Notes 13 notes

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4
michael dot genesis at gmail dot com
2 years ago
The fact that MS-word and some other sources use CP-1252, and that it is so close to Latin1 ('ISO-8859-1') causes a lot of confusion. What confused me the most was finding that mySQL uses CP-1252 by default.

You may run into trouble if you find yourself tempted to do something like this:
<?php
    $trans
[chr(149)] = '&bull;';    // Bullet
   
$trans[chr(150)] = '&ndash;';    // En Dash
   
$trans[chr(151)] = '&mdash;';    // Em Dash
   
$trans[chr(152)] = '&tilde;';    // Small Tilde
   
$trans[chr(153)] = '&trade;';    // Trade Mark Sign
?>

Don't do it. DON'T DO IT!

You can use:
<?php
    $translationTable
= get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES, ENT_NOQUOTES, 'WINDOWS-1252');
?>

or just convert directly:
<?php
    $output
= htmlentities($input, ENT_NOQUOTES, 'WINDOWS-1252');
?>

But your web page is probably encoded UTF-8, and you probably don't really want CP-1252 text flying around, so fix the character encoding first:
<?php
    $output
= mb_convert_encoding($input, 'UTF-8', 'WINDOWS-1252');
   
$ouput = htmlentities($output);
?>
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4
kevin at cwsmailbox dot xom
4 years ago
Be careful using get_html_translation_table() in a loop, as it's very slow.
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1
iain (duh) workingsoftware.com.au
7 years ago
I wrote a quick little function for converting something like '&middot;' into '&#183;':

$to_convert = '&middot;';
$table = get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES);
$equiv = '&#'.ord(array_search($to_convert,$table)).';';
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1
Jérôme Jaglale
7 years ago
htmlentities includes htmlspecialchars, so here's how to convert an UTF-8 string :
htmlentities($string, ENT_QUOTES, 'UTF-8');
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0
Maurizio Siliani at trident dot it
7 years ago
If you have troubles (like me) getting data from ISO-8859-1 encoded forms where user copy and paste from word, this routine could be useful.
It adds to the standard get_html_translation_table the codes of the characters usually M$ Word replacs into typed text.
Otherwise those characters would never be displayed correctly in html output.

function get_html_translation_table_CP1252() {
    $trans = get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES);
    $trans[chr(130)] = '&sbquo;';    // Single Low-9 Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(131)] = '&fnof;';    // Latin Small Letter F With Hook
    $trans[chr(132)] = '&bdquo;';    // Double Low-9 Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(133)] = '&hellip;';    // Horizontal Ellipsis
    $trans[chr(134)] = '&dagger;';    // Dagger
    $trans[chr(135)] = '&Dagger;';    // Double Dagger
    $trans[chr(136)] = '&circ;';    // Modifier Letter Circumflex Accent
    $trans[chr(137)] = '&permil;';    // Per Mille Sign
    $trans[chr(138)] = '&Scaron;';    // Latin Capital Letter S With Caron
    $trans[chr(139)] = '&lsaquo;';    // Single Left-Pointing Angle Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(140)] = '&OElig;    ';    // Latin Capital Ligature OE
    $trans[chr(145)] = '&lsquo;';    // Left Single Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(146)] = '&rsquo;';    // Right Single Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(147)] = '&ldquo;';    // Left Double Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(148)] = '&rdquo;';    // Right Double Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(149)] = '&bull;';    // Bullet
    $trans[chr(150)] = '&ndash;';    // En Dash
    $trans[chr(151)] = '&mdash;';    // Em Dash
    $trans[chr(152)] = '&tilde;';    // Small Tilde
    $trans[chr(153)] = '&trade;';    // Trade Mark Sign
    $trans[chr(154)] = '&scaron;';    // Latin Small Letter S With Caron
    $trans[chr(155)] = '&rsaquo;';    // Single Right-Pointing Angle Quotation Mark
    $trans[chr(156)] = '&oelig;';    // Latin Small Ligature OE
    $trans[chr(159)] = '&Yuml;';    // Latin Capital Letter Y With Diaeresis
    ksort($trans);
    return $trans;
}
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0
Patrick nospam at nospam mesopia dot com
9 years ago
Not sure what's going on here but I've run into a problem that others might face as well...

<?php

$translations
= array_flip(get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES,ENT_QUOTES));

?>

returns the single quote ' as being equal to &#39; while

<?php

$translatedString
= htmlentities($string,ENT_QUOTES);

?>
returns it as being equal to &#039;

I've had to do a specific string replacement for the time being... Not sure if it's an issue with the function or the array manipulation.

-Pat
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0
kevin_bro at hostedstuff dot com
11 years ago
Alans version didn't seem to work right. If you're having the same problem consider using this slightly modified version instead:

function unhtmlentities ($string)  {
   $trans_tbl = get_html_translation_table (HTML_ENTITIES);
   $trans_tbl = array_flip ($trans_tbl);
   $ret = strtr ($string, $trans_tbl);
   return preg_replace('/&#(\d+);/me',
      "chr('\\1')",$ret);
}
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0
kumar at chicagomodular.com
11 years ago
without heavy scientific analysis, this seems to work as a quick fix to making text originating from a Microsoft Word document display as HTML:

<?php
function DoHTMLEntities ($string)
    {
       
$trans_tbl = get_html_translation_table (HTML_ENTITIES);
       
       
// MS Word strangeness..
        // smart single/ double quotes:
       
$trans_tbl[chr(145)] = '\'';
       
$trans_tbl[chr(146)] = '\'';
       
$trans_tbl[chr(147)] = '&quot;';
       
$trans_tbl[chr(148)] = '&quot;';

               
// Acute 'e'
       
$trans_tbl[chr(142)] = '&eacute;';
       
        return
strtr ($string, $trans_tbl);
    }
?>
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0
dirk at hartmann dot net
13 years ago
get_html_translation_table
It works only with the first 256 Codepositions.
For Higher Positions, for Example &#1092;
(a kyrillic Letter) it shows the same.
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-1
Alex Minkoff
9 years ago
If you want to display special HTML entities in a web browser, you can use the following code:

<?
$entities
= get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES);
foreach (
$entities as $entity) {
   
$new_entities[$entity] = htmlspecialchars($entity);
}
echo
"<pre>";
print_r($new_entities);
echo
"</pre>";
?>

If you don't, the key name of each element will appear to be the same as the element content itself, making it look mighty stupid. ;)
up
-1
Kenneth Kin Lum
5 years ago
to display the mapping on a webpage no matter what the server encoding is, this can be used

  echo "<pre>\n";
  echo htmlentities(print_r((get_html_translation_table(HTML_SPECIALCHARS)), true));
  echo htmlentities(print_r((get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES)), true));

since get_html_translation_table() actually gives the special chars in iso-8859-1 (Latin-1) encoding, so to see the tables correctly using

  print_r(get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES));

your server needs to give a HTTP header as iso-8859-1, unless you use header() or manually set the browser's encoding setting to iso-8859-1.  And you need to view the source of the page to see the mapping.  (except English version of IE 7 outputs the page source as iso-8859-1 anyway).
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-1
robertn972 at gmail dot com
6 years ago
I found this useful in converting latin characters

<?php
function convertLatin1ToHtml($str) {
$allEntities = get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES, ENT_NOQUOTES);
$specialEntities = get_html_translation_table(HTML_SPECIALCHARS, ENT_NOQUOTES);
$noTags = array_diff($allEntities, $specialEntities);
$str = strtr($str, $noTags);
return
$str;
}
?>
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-2
alan at akbkhome dot com
12 years ago
If you want to decode all those &#123; symbols as well....

function unhtmlentities ($string)  {
    $trans_tbl = get_html_translation_table (HTML_ENTITIES);
    $trans_tbl = array_flip ($trans_tbl);
    $ret = strtr ($string, $trans_tbl);
    return  preg_replace('/\&\#([0-9]+)\;/me',
        "chr('\\1')",$ret);
}
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