PHP 5.6.0RC3 is available

fputcsv

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0)

fputcsvFormat line as CSV and write to file pointer

Descrizione

int fputcsv ( resource $handle , array $fields [, string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = '"' ]] )

fputcsv() formats a line (passed as a fields array) as CSV and write it (terminated by a newline) to the specified file handle.

Elenco dei parametri

handle

Il puntatore al file deve essere valido, e deve puntare ad un file aperto con successo da fopen() o fsockopen() (e non ancora chiuso da fclose()).

fields

An array of values.

delimiter

The optional delimiter parameter sets the field delimiter (one character only).

enclosure

The optional enclosure parameter sets the field enclosure (one character only).

Valori restituiti

Returns the length of the written string o FALSE in caso di fallimento.

Esempi

Example #1 fputcsv() example

<?php

$list 
= array (
    array(
'aaa''bbb''ccc''dddd'),
    array(
'123''456''789'),
    array(
'"aaa"''"bbb"')
);

$fp fopen('file.csv''w');

foreach (
$list as $fields) {
    
fputcsv($fp$fields);
}

fclose($fp);
?>

The above example will write the following to file.csv:

aaa,bbb,ccc,dddd
123,456,789
"""aaa""","""bbb"""

Note

Nota: Se si hanno problemi con il PHP che non riconosce i fine linea leggendo file creati o ospitati su un computer Macintosh, si può abilitare l'opzione auto_detect_line_endings della configurazione di runtime.

Vedere anche:

  • fgetcsv() - Prende una riga da un puntatore a file e l'analizza in cerca di campi CSV

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 23 notes

up
27
MagicalTux at ooKoo dot org
7 years ago
If you need to send a CSV file directly to the browser, without writing in an external file, you can open the output and use fputcsv on it..

<?php
$out
= fopen('php://output', 'w');
fputcsv($out, array('this','is some', 'csv "stuff", you know.'));
fclose($out);
?>
up
16
jamie at agentdesign dot co dot uk
3 years ago
Utility function to output a mysql query to csv with the option to write to file or send back to the browser as a csv attachment.

<?php
   
function query_to_csv($db_conn, $query, $filename, $attachment = false, $headers = true) {
       
        if(
$attachment) {
           
// send response headers to the browser
           
header( 'Content-Type: text/csv' );
           
header( 'Content-Disposition: attachment;filename='.$filename);
           
$fp = fopen('php://output', 'w');
        } else {
           
$fp = fopen($filename, 'w');
        }
       
       
$result = mysql_query($query, $db_conn) or die( mysql_error( $db_conn ) );
       
        if(
$headers) {
           
// output header row (if at least one row exists)
           
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result);
            if(
$row) {
               
fputcsv($fp, array_keys($row));
               
// reset pointer back to beginning
               
mysql_data_seek($result, 0);
            }
        }
       
        while(
$row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) {
           
fputcsv($fp, $row);
        }
       
       
fclose($fp);
    }

   
// Using the function
   
$sql = "SELECT * FROM table";
   
// $db_conn should be a valid db handle

    // output as an attachment
   
query_to_csv($db_conn, $sql, "test.csv", true);

   
// output to file system
   
query_to_csv($db_conn, $sql, "test.csv", false);
?>
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5
boonerunner at hotmail dot com
8 years ago
Here is an adaption of the above code that adds support for double quotes inside a field. (One double quote is replaced with a pair of double quotes per the CSV format).

<?php
function fputcsv($filePointer,$dataArray,$delimiter,$enclosure)
  {
 
// Write a line to a file
  // $filePointer = the file resource to write to
  // $dataArray = the data to write out
  // $delimeter = the field separator
 
  // Build the string
 
$string = "";
 
 
// No leading delimiter
 
$writeDelimiter = FALSE;
  foreach(
$dataArray as $dataElement)
   {
   
// Replaces a double quote with two double quotes
   
$dataElement=str_replace("\"", "\"\"", $dataElement);
   
   
// Adds a delimiter before each field (except the first)
   
if($writeDelimiter) $string .= $delimiter;
   
   
// Encloses each field with $enclosure and adds it to the string
   
$string .= $enclosure . $dataElement . $enclosure;
   
   
// Delimiters are used every time except the first.
   
$writeDelimiter = TRUE;
   }
// end foreach($dataArray as $dataElement)
 
  // Append new line
 
$string .= "\n";
 
 
// Write the string to the file
 
fwrite($filePointer,$string);
  }
?>
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7
ifunk
6 years ago
I converted this from the PHP source code. This replicates PHP5 functionality exactly, whereas the other examples here do not.

<?php

if (!function_exists('fputcsv')) {
 
  function
fputcsv(&$handle, $fields = array(), $delimiter = ',', $enclosure = '"') {
   
$str = '';
   
$escape_char = '\\';
    foreach (
$fields as $value) {
      if (
strpos($value, $delimiter) !== false ||
         
strpos($value, $enclosure) !== false ||
         
strpos($value, "\n") !== false ||
         
strpos($value, "\r") !== false ||
         
strpos($value, "\t") !== false ||
         
strpos($value, ' ') !== false) {
       
$str2 = $enclosure;
       
$escaped = 0;
       
$len = strlen($value);
        for (
$i=0;$i<$len;$i++) {
          if (
$value[$i] == $escape_char) {
           
$escaped = 1;
          } else if (!
$escaped && $value[$i] == $enclosure) {
           
$str2 .= $enclosure;
          } else {
           
$escaped = 0;
          }
         
$str2 .= $value[$i];
        }
       
$str2 .= $enclosure;
       
$str .= $str2.$delimiter;
      } else {
       
$str .= $value.$delimiter;
      }
    }
   
$str = substr($str,0,-1);
   
$str .= "\n";
    return
fwrite($handle, $str);
  }
 
}

?>
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3
nate at example dot com
5 years ago
Alright, after playing a while, I'm confident the following replacement function works in all cases, including the ones for which the native fputcsv function fails. If fputcsv fails to work for you (particularly with mysql csv imports), try this function as a drop-in replacement instead.

Arguments to pass in are exactly the same as for fputcsv, though I have added an additional $mysql_null boolean which allows one to turn php null's into mysql-insertable nulls (by default, this add-on is disabled, thus working identically to fputcsv [except this one works!]).

<?php

function fputcsv2 ($fh, array $fields, $delimiter = ',', $enclosure = '"', $mysql_null = false) {
   
$delimiter_esc = preg_quote($delimiter, '/');
   
$enclosure_esc = preg_quote($enclosure, '/');

   
$output = array();
    foreach (
$fields as $field) {
        if (
$field === null && $mysql_null) {
           
$output[] = 'NULL';
            continue;
        }

       
$output[] = preg_match("/(?:${delimiter_esc}|${enclosure_esc}|\s)/", $field) ? (
           
$enclosure . str_replace($enclosure, $enclosure . $enclosure, $field) . $enclosure
       
) : $field;
    }

   
fwrite($fh, join($delimiter, $output) . "\n");
}

// the _EXACT_ LOAD DATA INFILE command to use
// (if you pass in something different for $delimiter
// and/or $enclosure above, change them here too;
// but _LEAVE ESCAPED BY EMPTY!_).
/*
LOAD DATA INFILE
    '/path/to/file.csv'

INTO TABLE
    my_table

FIELDS TERMINATED BY
    ','

OPTIONALLY ENCLOSED BY
    '"'

ESCAPED BY
    ''

LINES TERMINATED BY
    '\n'
*/

?>
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3
simeonl at dbc dot co dot nz
4 years ago
In general I found myself wanting to get the result as a string rather than writing it to a file, and in particular I wanted to produce a CSV using an EOL that might not be the same as that on the server where I generated it.  This is how I solved the problem without rewriting  fputcsv.

<?php
function sputcsv($row, $delimiter = ',', $enclosure = '"', $eol = "\n")
{
    static
$fp = false;
    if (
$fp === false)
    {
       
$fp = fopen('php://temp', 'r+'); // see http://php.net/manual/en/wrappers.php.php - yes there are 2 '.php's on the end.
        // NB: anything you read/write to/from 'php://temp' is specific to this filehandle
   
}
    else
    {
       
rewind($fp);
    }
   
    if (
fputcsv($fp, $row, $delimiter, $enclosure) === false)
    {
        return
false;
    }
   
   
rewind($fp);
   
$csv = fgets($fp);
   
    if (
$eol != PHP_EOL)
    {
       
$csv = substr($csv, 0, (0 - strlen(PHP_EOL))) . $eol;
    }
   
    return
$csv;
}

// test
$rows = array
(
    array(
'blue, sky', 'green, lime', 'red', 'black'),
    array(
'white', 'gold', 'purple, imperial', 'grey, slate'),
    array(
'orange, burnt', 'pink, hot', 'violet', 'indigo'),
);

if (
PHP_EOL == "\r\n")
{
   
$eol = "\n";
}
else
{
   
$eol = "\r\n";
}

foreach(
$rows as $row)
{
    echo
nl2br(sputcsv($row, ',', '"', $eol));
}
?>

The test should produce something like the following:

"blue, sky","green, lime",red,black
white,gold,"purple, imperial","grey, slate"
"orange, burnt","pink, hot",violet,indigo
up
3
soapergem at gmail dot com
5 years ago
I've created a function for quickly generating CSV files that work with Microsoft applications. In the field I learned a few things about generating CSVs that are not always obvious. First, since PHP is generally *nix-based, it makes sense that the line endings are always \n instead of \r\n. However, certain Microsoft programs (I'm looking at you, Access 97), will fail to recognize the CSV properly unless each line ends with \r\n. So this function changes the line endings accordingly. Secondly, if the first column heading / value of the CSV file begins with uppercase ID, certain Microsoft programs (ahem, Excel 2007) will interpret the file as being in the SYLK format rather than CSV, as described here: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/323626

This function accommodates for that as well, by forcibly enclosing that first value in quotes (when this doesn't occur automatically). It would be fairly simple to modify this function to use another delimiter if need be and I leave that as an exercise to the reader. So quite simply, this function is used for outputting CSV data to a CSV file in a way that is safe for use with Windows applications. It takes two parameters + one optional parameter: the location of where the file should be saved, an array of data rows, and an optional array of column headings. (Technically you could omit the headings array and just include it as the first row of the data, but it is often useful to keep this data stored in different arrays in practice.)

<?php

function mssafe_csv($filepath, $data, $header = array())
{
    if (
$fp = fopen($filepath, 'w') ) {
       
$show_header = true;
        if ( empty(
$header) ) {
           
$show_header = false;
           
reset($data);
           
$line = current($data);
            if ( !empty(
$line) ) {
               
reset($line);
               
$first = current($line);
                if (
substr($first, 0, 2) == 'ID' && !preg_match('/["\\s,]/', $first) ) {
                   
array_shift($data);
                   
array_shift($line);
                    if ( empty(
$line) ) {
                       
fwrite($fp, "\"{$first}\"\r\n");
                    } else {
                       
fwrite($fp, "\"{$first}\",");
                       
fputcsv($fp, $line);
                       
fseek($fp, -1, SEEK_CUR);
                       
fwrite($fp, "\r\n");
                    }
                }
            }
        } else {
           
reset($header);
           
$first = current($header);
            if (
substr($first, 0, 2) == 'ID' && !preg_match('/["\\s,]/', $first) ) {
               
array_shift($header);
                if ( empty(
$header) ) {
                   
$show_header = false;
                   
fwrite($fp, "\"{$first}\"\r\n");
                } else {
                   
fwrite($fp, "\"{$first}\",");
                }
            }
        }
        if (
$show_header ) {
           
fputcsv($fp, $header);
           
fseek($fp, -1, SEEK_CUR);
           
fwrite($fp, "\r\n");
        }
        foreach (
$data as $line ) {
           
fputcsv($fp, $line);
           
fseek($fp, -1, SEEK_CUR);
           
fwrite($fp, "\r\n");
        }
       
fclose($fp);
    } else {
        return
false;
    }
    return
true;
}

?>
up
2
R dot Mansveld at Spider-IT dot de
10 months ago
Inspired by boonerunner's function, I wrote a smaller, faster, and more flexible one, which also uses less memory.
I also renamed it to avoid collision or overwriting the PHP function, and gave the 3rd and 4th parameter default values like fputcsv() uses.

This function puts all text values in $enclosure's while doubling the $enclosure in the value, and leaves numeric values as they are.
But if the $delimiter exists in the numeric value, this value will also be put in $enclosure's (may happen if you use a dot as the $delimiter).

function fwritecsv($handle, $fields, $delimiter = ',', $enclosure = '"') {
    # Check if $fields is an array
    if (!is_array($fields)) {
        return false;
    }
    # Walk through the data array
    for ($i = 0, $n = count($fields); $i < $n; $i ++) {
        # Only 'correct' non-numeric values
        if (!is_numeric($fields[$i])) {
            # Duplicate in-value $enclusure's and put the value in $enclosure's
            $fields[$i] = $enclosure . str_replace($enclosure, $enclosure . $enclosure, $fields[$i]) . $enclosure;
        }
        # If $delimiter is a dot (.), also correct numeric values
        if (($delimiter == '.') && (is_numeric($fields[$i]))) {
            # Put the value in $enclosure's
            $fields[$i] = $enclosure . $fields[$i] . $enclosure;
        }
    }
    # Combine the data array with $delimiter and write it to the file
    $line = implode($delimiter, $fields) . "\n";
    fwrite($handle, $line);
    # Return the length of the written data
    return strlen($line);
}
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2
Jason
5 years ago
To get the mssafe_csv function below to work using PHP5, I had to change line 50 from:
fputcsv($fp, $line);

to:
fputcsv($fp, split(',', $line));

Otherwise works great! Thanks for the function.
up
5
alex /-\-l- windeagle DOT org
5 years ago
TAB delimiting.

Using fputcsv to output a CSV with a tab delimiter is a little tricky since the delimiter field only takes one character.
The answer is to use the chr() function.  The ascii code for tab is 9, so chr(9) returns a tab character.

<?php
    fputcsv
($fp, $foo, '\t');      //won't work
   
fputcsv($fp, $foo, '    ');    //won't work

   
fputcsv($fp, $foo, chr(9));    //works
?>

==================

it should be:
<?php
    fputcsv
($fp, $foo, "\t");
?>
you just forgot that single quotes are literal...meaning whatever you put there that's what will come out so '\t' would be same as 't' because \ in that case would be only used for escaping but if you use double quotes then that would work.
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1
drew at zitnay dot com
9 years ago
[EDIT BY danbrown AT php DOT net: This is a revised function with a few bugfixes and improvements done by this author.  The original function example was written by arthur AT mclean DOT ws, and rewritten between by arthur AT korn DOT ch.]

- when calling str_replace(), you must assign $cell the return value or nothing gets saved

- when using strchr(), you should explicitly check !== FALSE, or it'll treat a return value of 0 (found the character at string position 0) as FALSE

- Excel seems to quote not only fields containing commas, but fields containing quotes as well, so I've added another strchr() for quotes; I'm not saying Microsoft knows the correct way for sure, but it seems reasonable to me

- the original function put a space after each comma; that might be legal, I don't know, but I've never seen it (and I don't think it is, because then how would you indicate you wanted a field to start with a space other than by quoting it?)

- the original function didn't correctly return the length of the data outputted

Here's the function, fixed up a bit:

<?php
function fputcsv($handle, $row, $fd=',', $quot='"')
{
  
$str='';
   foreach (
$row as $cell) {
      
$cell=str_replace(Array($quot,        "\n"),
                         Array(
$quot.$quot''),
                        
$cell);
       if (
strchr($cell, $fd)!==FALSE || strchr($cell, $quot)!==FALSE) {
          
$str.=$quot.$cell.$quot.$fd;
       } else {
          
$str.=$cell.$fd;
       }
   }

  
fputs($handle, substr($str, 0, -1)."\n");

   return
strlen($str);
}
?>

Drew
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2
Guile
3 years ago
Here is a way to send csv like echo does :
<?php
function outputCSV($data) {

   
$outstream = fopen("php://output", 'w');

    function
__outputCSV(&$vals, $key, $filehandler) {
       
fputcsv($filehandler, $vals, ';', '"');
    }
   
array_walk($data, '__outputCSV', $outstream);

   
fclose($outstream);
}

$mydata = array(
array(
'data11', 'data12', 'data13'),
array(
'data21', 'data22', 'data23'),
array(
'data31', 'data32', 'data23'));

outputCSV($mydata);
/* Output sent :
data11;data12;data13
data21;data22;data23
data31;data32;data23
*/
?>

Moreover, this can be nicer with PHP5.3+ closures
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1
Christine K - crimson at technologist dot com
3 years ago
These two handy functions allow you to use fgetcsv with a string instead of a file handle and fputcsv to convert an array to a string instead of writing to a file handle. Hopefully this functionality will exist natively soon. Props to prior notes on these functions that led me to these.
<?php
   
function array_to_CSV($data)
    {
       
$outstream = fopen("php://temp", 'r+');
       
fputcsv($outstream, $data, ',', '"');
       
rewind($outstream);
       
$csv = fgets($outstream);
       
fclose($outstream);
        return
$csv;
    }

    function
CSV_to_array($data)
    {
       
$instream = fopen("php://temp", 'r+');
       
fwrite($instream, $data);
       
rewind($instream);
       
$csv = fgetcsv($instream, 9999999, ',', '"');
       
fclose($instream);
        return(
$csv);
    }
?>
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1
gildas dot quemener at gmail dot com
1 year ago
There is an even easier solution to get the result of fputcsv into a variable:

<?php
$output
= fopen('php://output', 'w');
ob_start();
fputcsv($output, $data);
fclose($output);
$csv = ob_get_clean();
?>
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1
Ovidiu Curcan
3 years ago
Unexpected (to me) behaviour: the enclosure characters inside the strings are doubled *unless* they're preceded by a backslash. If the enclosure is preceded by a backslash it's considered to be already escaped.

<?php

$data
= array(
   
'Doubled: -> " <-',
   
'NOT doubled: -> \" <-',
);

$buffer = fopen('php://temp', 'r+');
fputcsv($buffer, $data);
rewind($buffer);
$csv = fgets($buffer);
fclose($buffer);

echo
$csv; // "Doubled: -> "" <-","NOT doubled: -> \" <-"

?>

As a result, the CSV file generated by my application was not correctly opened by OpenOffice.org. The offending row and all the subsequent rows were missing from the spreadsheet.

PHP: 5.3.2-1ubuntu4.9
OpenOffice.org: 3.2.0
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1
iam at thatguy dot co dot za
6 months ago
So this is something I wrote to generically generate CSV exports from 2 arrays and a name.

You need to provide it with e single dimension array for the headings. A multidimensional array with the actual body . And lastly the filename you would like to get minus the .csv and viola.

<?php

   
# We will use this function to generate a CSV
   
function exportCSV($headings=false, $rows=false, $filename=false)
    {
       
# Ensure that we have data to be able to export the CSV
       
if ((!empty($headings)) AND (!empty($rows)))
        {
           
# modify the name somewhat
           
$name = ($filename !== false) ? $filename . ".csv" : "export.csv";

           
# Set the headers we need for this to work
           
header('Content-Type: text/csv; charset=utf-8');
           
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=' . $name);

           
# Start the ouput
           
$output = fopen('php://output', 'w');

           
# Create the headers
           
fputcsv($output, $headings);

           
# Then loop through the rows
           
foreach($rows as $row)
            {
               
# Add the rows to the body
               
fputcsv($output, $row);
            }

           
# Exit to close the stream off
           
exit();
        }

       
# Default to a failure
       
return false;
    }
?>
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1
alanzhang717 at gmail dot com
8 months ago
When you output csv by fputcsv, if there are any Chinese character, you may get messy code. Then you need to set the encoding properly:

fprintf($fp, chr(0xEF).chr(0xBB).chr(0xBF));  // just add this line
fputcsv($fp, ...);
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2
bl at mindbench dot nl
7 years ago
If you need to save the output to a variable (e.g. for use within a framework) you can write to a temporary memory-wrapper and retrieve it's contents:

<?php
// output up to 5MB is kept in memory, if it becomes bigger it will automatically be written to a temporary file
$csv = fopen('php://temp/maxmemory:'. (5*1024*1024), 'r+');

fputcsv($csv, array('blah','blah'));

rewind($csv);

// put it all in a variable
$output = stream_get_contents($csv);
?>
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0
mike at fatica dot net
9 days ago
We had a function that wrote a single line CSV.  I noticed that with enabling auto_detect_line_endings, fputcsv would not write a newline at the end of the file.

Enabling auto_detect_line_endings changed the fputcsv behavior to include a newline.
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0
David Thomas
2 years ago
Output XML string as CSV with first row as column headers:

<?php

   
// In this case XML is
    // <records>
    //  <record>...</record>
    //  <record>...</record>
    // </records>

 
if($xml = simplexml_load_string($string)){
   
// Keep up to 12MB in memory, if becomes bigger write to temp file
   
$file = fopen('php://temp/maxmemory:'. (12*1024*1024), 'r+');
    if(
$row = get_object_vars($xml->record[0])){ // First record
      // First row contains column header values
     
foreach($row as $key => $value){
       
$header[] = $key;
      }
     
fputcsv($file, $header,',','"');
      foreach (
$xml->record as $record) {
       
fputcsv($file, get_object_vars($record),',','"');
      }
     
rewind($file);
     
$output = stream_get_contents($file);
     
fclose($file);
      return
$output;
    }else{
      return
'';
    }
  }

?>
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0
jon+dontspamme at phpsitesolutions dot com
6 years ago
I found that the fputcsv examples for PHP 4 missed one thing, that was proper handling of the $enclosure value when it is a quote (if a quote is passed in a field, and it is delimited by a slash, it will be improperly handled by the functions submitted here).

My modified function was built using the actual PHP5 source for fputcsv, with the addition of properly reacting to the existence of a delimited quote in the field being processed.

<?php
if (!function_exists('fputcsv')) {
    function
fputcsv(&$handle, $fields = array(), $delimiter = ',', $enclosure = '"') {

       
// Sanity Check
       
if (!is_resource($handle)) {
           
trigger_error('fputcsv() expects parameter 1 to be resource, ' .
               
gettype($handle) . ' given', E_USER_WARNING);
            return
false;
        }

        if (
$delimiter!=NULL) {
            if(
strlen($delimiter) < 1 ) {
               
trigger_error('delimiter must be a character', E_USER_WARNING);
                return
false;
            }elseif(
strlen($delimiter) > 1 ) {
               
trigger_error('delimiter must be a single character', E_USER_NOTICE);
            }

           
/* use first character from string */
           
$delimiter = $delimiter[0];
        }

        if(
$enclosure!=NULL ) {
             if(
strlen($enclosure) < 1 ) {
               
trigger_error('enclosure must be a character', E_USER_WARNING);
                return
false;
            }elseif(
strlen($enclosure) > 1 ) {
               
trigger_error('enclosure must be a single character', E_USER_NOTICE);
            }

           
/* use first character from string */
           
$enclosure = $enclosure[0];
       }

       
$i = 0;
       
$csvline = '';
       
$escape_char = '\\';
       
$field_cnt = count($fields);
       
$enc_is_quote = in_array($enclosure, array('"',"'"));
       
reset($fields);

        foreach(
$fields AS $field ) {

           
/* enclose a field that contains a delimiter, an enclosure character, or a newline */
           
if( is_string($field) && (
               
strpos($field, $delimiter)!==false ||
               
strpos($field, $enclosure)!==false ||
               
strpos($field, $escape_char)!==false ||
               
strpos($field, "\n")!==false ||
               
strpos($field, "\r")!==false ||
               
strpos($field, "\t")!==false ||
               
strpos($field, ' ')!==false ) ) {

               
$field_len = strlen($field);
               
$escaped = 0;

               
$csvline .= $enclosure;
                for(
$ch = 0; $ch < $field_len; $ch++ )    {
                    if(
$field[$ch] == $escape_char && $field[$ch+1] == $enclosure && $enc_is_quote ) {
                        continue;
                    }elseif(
$field[$ch] == $escape_char ) {
                       
$escaped = 1;
                    }elseif( !
$escaped && $field[$ch] == $enclosure ) {
                       
$csvline .= $enclosure;
                    }else{
                       
$escaped = 0;
                    }
                   
$csvline .= $field[$ch];
                }
               
$csvline .= $enclosure;
            } else {
               
$csvline .= $field;
            }

            if(
$i++ != $field_cnt ) {
               
$csvline .= $delimiter;
            }
        }

       
$csvline .= "\n";

        return
fwrite($handle, $csvline);
    }
}
?>
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0
alexxed thething gmail thething com
6 years ago
A event simpler way:

<?php
   
function fputcsv($hFile, $aRow, $sSeparator=',', $sEnclosure='"')
    {
       foreach (
$aRow as $iIdx=>$sCell)
         
$aRow[$iIdx] = str_replace($sEnclosure, $sEnclosure.$sEnclosure, $sCell);

      
fwrite($hFile, join($aRow, $sSeparator)."\n");
    }
?>
up
-1
heather at heathercash dot com
8 years ago
Here is an adaptation to boonerunner's function for fputcsv.
It uses a 2-dimensional array.
Each sub-array is a line in the csv file which then ends up being seperated by commas.

<?php
function fputcsv($filePointer,$dataArray,$delimiter=",",$enclosure="\""){
   
// Write a line to a file
    // $filePointer = the file resource to write to
    // $dataArray = the data to write out
    // $delimeter = the field separator
    
    // Build the string
   
$string = "";
 
   
// for each array element, which represents a line in the csv file...
   
foreach($dataArray as $line){

       
// No leading delimiter
       
$writeDelimiter = FALSE;
       
        foreach(
$line as $dataElement){
           
// Replaces a double quote with two double quotes
           
$dataElement=str_replace("\"", "\"\"", $dataElement);
           
           
// Adds a delimiter before each field (except the first)
           
if($writeDelimiter) $string .= $delimiter;
           
           
// Encloses each field with $enclosure and adds it to the string
           
$string .= $enclosure . $dataElement . $enclosure;
           
           
// Delimiters are used every time except the first.
           
$writeDelimiter = TRUE;
        }
       
// Append new line
       
$string .= "\n";

    }
// end foreach($dataArray as $line)

    // Write the string to the file
   
fwrite($filePointer,$string);
}
?>
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