PHP 5.6.0 released

fileperms

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

filepermsRestituisce i permessi sui file

Descrizione

int fileperms ( string $filename )

Restituisce i permessi sui file, or FALSE in caso di errore.

Nota: I risultati di questa funzione saranno memorizzati. Vedere clearstatcache() per maggiori dettagli.

Suggerimento

A partire da PHP 5.0.0, questa funzione può essere utilizzata con alcuni URL wrappers. Fare riferimento a Supported Protocols and Wrappers per la lista di quali wrappers supportano le funzioni della famiglia stat().

Example #1 Mostra i permessi in valore ottale

<?php
echo substr(sprintf('%o'fileperms('/tmp')), -4);
echo 
substr(sprintf('%o'fileperms('/etc/passwd')), -4);
?>

Ciò produrrà il seguente output:

1777
0644

Example #2 Mostra gli interi permessi

<?php
$perms 
fileperms('/etc/passwd');

if ((
$perms 0xC000) == 0xC000) {
    
// Socket
    
$info 's';
} elseif ((
$perms 0xA000) == 0xA000) {
    
// Symbolic Link
    
$info 'l';
} elseif ((
$perms 0x8000) == 0x8000) {
    
// Regular
    
$info '-';
} elseif ((
$perms 0x6000) == 0x6000) {
    
// Block special
    
$info 'b';
} elseif ((
$perms 0x4000) == 0x4000) {
    
// Directory
    
$info 'd';
} elseif ((
$perms 0x2000) == 0x2000) {
    
// Character special
    
$info 'c';
} elseif ((
$perms 0x1000) == 0x1000) {
    
// FIFO pipe
    
$info 'p';
} else {
    
// Unknown
    
$info 'u';
}

// Owner
$info .= (($perms 0x0100) ? 'r' '-');
$info .= (($perms 0x0080) ? 'w' '-');
$info .= (($perms 0x0040) ?
            ((
$perms 0x0800) ? 's' 'x' ) :
            ((
$perms 0x0800) ? 'S' '-'));

// Group
$info .= (($perms 0x0020) ? 'r' '-');
$info .= (($perms 0x0010) ? 'w' '-');
$info .= (($perms 0x0008) ?
            ((
$perms 0x0400) ? 's' 'x' ) :
            ((
$perms 0x0400) ? 'S' '-'));

// World
$info .= (($perms 0x0004) ? 'r' '-');
$info .= (($perms 0x0002) ? 'w' '-');
$info .= (($perms 0x0001) ?
            ((
$perms 0x0200) ? 't' 'x' ) :
            ((
$perms 0x0200) ? 'T' '-'));

echo 
$info;
?>

Ciò produrrà il seguente output:

-r--r--r--

Vedi anche is_readable(), e stat()

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User Contributed Notes 8 notes

up
5
admin at torntech dot com
2 years ago
This may not be immediately apparent to some, but you can use octdec( $octal_value ) to match the permissions retrieved by file perms

<?php

//assumes file has 2770 permissions
$perm= fileperms( __FILE__ );
$bit = "102770";

printf( "%s\n", octdec( $bit ) );
printf( "%s\n", $perm);

?>
up
3
coolmic at example dot com
1 year ago
Don't use substr, use bit operator
<?php
decoct
(fileperms($file) & 0777); // return "755" for example
?>

If you want to compare permission
<?php
0755
=== (fileperms($file) & 0777);
?>
up
3
MartinAngermeier at gmx dot net
5 years ago
An easy way to calculate fileperms to chmod is this:

substr(decoct(fileperms("test.html")),3);

Displays 666 or 777 (depends on chmod set).

substr(decoct(fileperms("test.html")),2);

Displays 0666 or 0777 and refers immediately to the number set with chmod();
up
1
chinello at gmail dot com
7 years ago
On Linux (not tested on Windows), if you want a chmod-like permissions, you can use this function:

<?php
function file_perms($file, $octal = false)
{
    if(!
file_exists($file)) return false;

   
$perms = fileperms($file);

   
$cut = $octal ? 2 : 3;

    return
substr(decoct($perms), $cut);
}
?>

Using it:

$ touch foo.bar
$ chmod 0754 foo.bar
<?php
echo file_perms('foo.bar'); // prints: 754
echo file_perms('foo.bar', true); // prints 0754
?>
up
1
Dominic
5 months ago
A small function for the last 3 digits (777/755 ect.)

<?php
function getFilePermission($file) {
       
$length = strlen(decoct(fileperms($file)))-3;
        return
substr(decoct(fileperms($file)),$length);
}
?>
up
0
jchris dot fillionr at kitware dot com
5 years ago
Since the output of decoct( fileperms('.') ) is of the form: 40644

It seems the previous example is wrong, instead you should understand:

To get permissions formatted as "644":
<?php
echo substr(decoct( fileperms('.') ), 2);
?>

To get permissions formatted  as "0644":
<?php
echo substr(decoct( fileperms('.') ), 1);
?>
up
0
paul2712 at gmail dot com
7 years ago
Do not forget: clearstatcache();
==============================

When ever you make a:

mkdir($dstdir, 0770 ))

or a:

chmod($dstdir, 0774 );

You have to call:

clearstatcache();

before you can call:

fileperms($dstdir);
up
-1
sviscaino123 at hotmail dot fr
4 years ago
Here is a small function I made : http://pastebin.com/iKky8Vtu
I was bored and I thought it could be useful.

mixed mkperms( string $perms [, bool return_as_string = false [, string $filename ] ] )
Returns permissions given a string in literal format and a filename.
If the file name is omitted, the permissions that the function will return are based on 000-permissions.
If return_as_string is set to true, the result will be output as a 644 format string. Otherwise it will return a string converted to base-10 for chmod.

Examples:

<?php
echo mkperms('u+r', true), "\n"; // 400
echo mkperms('u+rwx,g+rw,o+x', true), "\n"; // 761

touch('myfile.txt'); // Create a file with any permissions
chmod('myfile.txt', mkperms('u=rwx,g=x,o=rw')); // myfile.txt is now at -rwx--xrw-

// Make a file and give it full permissions
touch('somefile.txt');
chmod('somefile.txt', 0777);
echo
mkperms('g-w,o-rw', true, 'somefile.txt'); // 751
echo mkperms('u=rwx,g-r,o=-', true, 'somefile.txt'); // 730
// This way you can apply permissions to files
chmod('somefile.txt', mkperms('u=rwx,g-r,o=-', false, 'somefile.txt')); // somefile.txt is now at -rwx-wx---
?>

PS : sorry I had to put it on pastebin, or else it just made the note way too long.
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