clearstatcache

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

clearstatcacheLibera la cache dello stato di un file

Descrizione

clearstatcache(): void

Quando si eseguono le funzioni di sistema stat o lstat o una delle funzioni elencate nella lista delle funzioni coinvolte (vedi sotto), il PHP memorizza le informazioni restituite da queste funzioni in modo da fornire migliori performance. Esistono, tuttavia, casi in cui si desidera rimuovere le informazioni memorizzate. Ad esempio, nel caso in cui un file venga controllato più volte nel medesimo script ed il file si trova in situazioni in cui possa venire rimosso o possa essere variato durante l'esecuzione dello script; in questi casi si può volere cancellare le informazioni memorizzate. Per queste situazioni si può utilizzare la funzione clearstatcache() che cancella le informazioni memorizzate dal PHP sullo stato di un file.

Occorre notare che il PHP non memorizza informazioni su file inesistenti. Pertanto se si esegue la funzione file_exists() su un file che non esiste, questa restituisce false fino a quando il file non viene creato. Un volta ccreato il file, la funzione restituisce true anche se il file viene cancellato.

Nota:

Queste funzioni memorizzano informazioni su specifici file, pertanto basta eseguire clearstatcache() nel caso di molteplici operazioni sul medesimo file oppure nel caso sia necessario non memorizzare informazioni su un dato file.

Tale valore viene memorizzato solo per la durata di una singola richiesta.

Le funzioni coinvolte sono stat(), lstat(), file_exists(), is_writable(), is_readable(), is_executable(), is_file(), is_dir(), is_link(), filectime(), fileatime(), filemtime(), fileinode(), filegroup(), fileowner(), filesize(), filetype() e fileperms().

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
32
matt_m at me dot com
11 years ago
unlink() does not clear the cache if you are performing file_exists() on a remote file like:

<?php
if (file_exists("ftp://ftp.example.com/somefile"))
?>

In this case, even after you unlink() successfully, you must call clearstatcache().

<?php
unlink
("ftp://ftp.example.com/somefile");
clearstatcache();
?>

file_exists() then properly returns false.
up
8
msaladna at apisnetworks dot com
2 years ago
clearstatcache() does not canonicalize the path. clearstatcache(true, "/a/b/c") is different from clearstatcache(true, "/a/b//c").
up
5
David Spector
3 years ago
Note that this function affects only file metadata. However, all the PHP file system functions do their own caching of actual file contents as well. You can use the "realpath_cache_size = 0" directive in PHP.ini to disable the content caching if you like. The default content caching timeout is 120 seconds.

Content caching is not a good idea during development work and for certain kinds of applications, since your code may read in old data from a file whose contents you have just changed.

Note: This is separate from the caching typically done by browsers for all GET requests (the majority of Web accesses) unless the HTTP headers override it. It is also separate from optional Apache server caching.
up
7
bj at wjblack dot com
7 years ago
Just to make this more obvious (and so search engines find this easier):

If you do fileops of any kind outside of PHP (say via a system() call), you probably want to clear the stat cache before doing any further tests on the file/dir/whatever.  For example:

<?php
// is_dir() forces a stat call, so the cache is populated
if( is_dir($foo) ) {
   
system("rm -rf " . escapeshellarg($foo));
    if(
is_dir($foo) ) {
       
// ...will still be true, even if the rm succeeded, because it's just
        // reading from cache, not re-running the stat()
   
}
}
?>

Pop a clearstatcache() after the system call and all is good (modulo a bit of a performance hit from having a cleared stat cache :-( ).
up
1
vechenjivot at gmail dot com
2 years ago
Not documented, but seems like clearstatcache() is clearing the cache only for the process it is being called from. I have 2 PHP scripts running simultaneously, and the first one does call clearstatcache(), but still the second one deadlocks, unless I call clearstatcache() in it too:

script1:
<?php
    touch
('system.lock');
    ...
   
unlink('system.lock');
   
clearstatcache(); // should be done by unlink?
?>

script2:
<?php
   
while (is_file('system.lock') {
       
sleep(1);
       
clearstatcache(); // without this, script 2 will deadlock forever!
   
}
?>

I also found this page, which leads to the same conclusion:
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9251237/clearstatcache-include-path-sessions
up
0
Gabriel
3 years ago
Definition of $filename parameter let's you think that it expects the filename only but it works if you give the path + filename also.

It should be more clear about this.
up
-34
markandrewslade at gmail dot com
12 years ago
On Linux, a forked process inherits a copy of the parent's cache, but after forking the two caches do not impact each other.  The snippet below demonstrates this by creating a child and confirming outdated (cached) information, then clearing the cache, and getting new information.

<?php

function report($directory, $prefix = '') { printf('%sDoes %s exist?  PHP says "%s"'. PHP_EOL, $prefix, $directory, is_dir($directory) ? 'yes' : 'no'); }
$target = './delete-me-before-running-statcache';

if (
is_dir($target)) {
    die(
"Delete $target before running.\n");
}

echo
"Creating $target.\n";
mkdir($target) || die("Unable to create $target.\n");
report($target); // is_dir($target) is now cached as true

echo "Unlinking $target.\n";
rmdir($target) || die("Unable to unlink $target.\n");

// This will say "yes", which is old (inaccurate) information.
report($target);

if ((
$pid = pcntl_fork()) === -1) { die("Failed to pcntl_fork.\n"); }
elseif (
$pid === 0) {
   
// child
   
report($target, '<<child>> ');
    echo
"<<child>> Clearing stat cache.\n";
   
clearstatcache();
   
report($target, '<<child>> ');
} else {
   
// parent
   
sleep(2); // move this to the child block to reverse the test.
   
report($target, '<<<parent>> ');
   
clearstatcache();
   
report($target, '<<<parent>> ');
}

?>
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