php[tek] 2018 : Call for Speakers

array_push

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

array_pushEmpile un ou plusieurs éléments à la fin d'un tableau

Description

int array_push ( array &$array , mixed $value1 [, mixed $... ] )

array_push() considère array comme une pile, et empile les variables var, ... à la fin de array. La longueur du tableau array augmente d'autant. Cela a le même effet que :

<?php
$array
[] = $var;
?>
répété pour chaque valeur.

Note: Si vous utilisez la fonction array_push() pour ajouter un élément à un tableau, il est mieux de la remplacer par l'opérateur $array[] = qui évite le passage par une fonction.

Note: array_push() émettra une alerte si le premier argument n'est pas un tableau. Ceci diffère du comportement de $var[] où un nouveau tableau est créé.

Liste de paramètres

array

Le tableau d'entrée.

value1

La première valeur à insérer à la fin du tableau array.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne le nouveau nombre d'éléments dans le tableau.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec array_push()

<?php
$stack 
= array("orange""banana");
array_push($stack"apple""raspberry");
print_r($stack);
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

Array
(
    [0] => orange
    [1] => banana
    [2] => apple
    [3] => raspberry
)

Voir aussi

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 29 notes

up
648
Rodrigo de Aquino
5 years ago
If you're going to use array_push() to insert a "$key" => "$value" pair into an array, it can be done using the following:

    $data[$key] = $value;

It is not necessary to use array_push.
up
392
bxi at apparoat dot nl
9 years ago
I've done a small comparison between array_push() and the $array[] method and the $array[] seems to be a lot faster.

<?php
$array
= array();
for (
$x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
{
   
$array[] = $x;
}
?>
takes 0.0622200965881 seconds

and

<?php
$array
= array();
for (
$x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
{
   
array_push($array, $x);
}
?>
takes 1.63195490837 seconds

so if your not making use of the return value of array_push() its better to use the $array[] way.

Hope this helps someone.
up
8
aaron dot hawley at uvm dot edu
12 years ago
Skylifter notes on 20-Jan-2004 that the [] empty bracket notation does not return the array count as array_push does.  There's another difference between array_push and the recommended empty bracket notation.

Empy bracket doesn't check if a variable is an array first as array_push does.  If array_push finds that a variable isn't an array it prints a Warning message if E_ALL error reporting is on.

So array_push is safer than [], until further this is changed by the PHP developers.
up
35
willdemaine at gmail dot com
9 years ago
If you're adding multiple values to an array in a loop, it's faster to use array_push than repeated [] = statements that I see all the time:

<?php
class timer
{
        private
$start;
        private
$end;

        public function
timer()
        {
               
$this->start = microtime(true);
        }

        public function
Finish()
        {
               
$this->end = microtime(true);
        }

        private function
GetStart()
        {
                if (isset(
$this->start))
                        return
$this->start;
                else
                        return
false;
        }

        private function
GetEnd()
        {
                if (isset(
$this->end))
                        return
$this->end;
                else
                        return
false;
        }

        public function
GetDiff()
        {
                return
$this->GetEnd() - $this->GetStart();
        }

        public function
Reset()
        {
               
$this->start = microtime(true);
        }

}

echo
"Adding 100k elements to array with []\n\n";
$ta = array();
$test = new Timer();
for (
$i = 0; $i < 100000; $i++)
{
       
$ta[] = $i;
}
$test->Finish();
echo
$test->GetDiff();

echo
"\n\nAdding 100k elements to array with array_push\n\n";
$test->Reset();
for (
$i = 0; $i < 100000; $i++)
{
       
array_push($ta,$i);
}
$test->Finish();
echo
$test->GetDiff();

echo
"\n\nAdding 100k elements to array with [] 10 per iteration\n\n";
$test->Reset();
for (
$i = 0; $i < 10000; $i++)
{
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
       
$ta[] = $i;
}
$test->Finish();
echo
$test->GetDiff();

echo
"\n\nAdding 100k elements to array with array_push 10 per iteration\n\n";
$test->Reset();
for (
$i = 0; $i < 10000; $i++)
{
       
array_push($ta,$i,$i,$i,$i,$i,$i,$i,$i,$i,$i);
}
$test->Finish();
echo
$test->GetDiff();
?>

Output

$ php5 arraypush.php
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.5
Content-type: text/html

Adding 100k elements to array with []

0.044686794281006

Adding 100k elements to array with array_push

0.072616100311279

Adding 100k elements to array with [] 10 per iteration

0.034690141677856

Adding 100k elements to array with array_push 10 per iteration

0.023932933807373
up
6
andrew at cgipro dot com
12 years ago
Need a real one-liner for adding an element onto a new array name?

$emp_list_bic = $emp_list + array(c=>"ANY CLIENT");

CONTEXT...
drewdeal: this turns out to be better and easier than array_push()
patelbhadresh: great!... so u discover new idea...
drewdeal: because you can't do:   $emp_list_bic = array_push($emp_list, c=>"ANY CLIENT");
drewdeal: array_push returns a count and affects current array.. and does not support set keys!
drewdeal: yeah. My one-liner makes a new array as a derivative of the prior array
up
51
egingell at sisna dot com
11 years ago
If you push an array onto the stack, PHP will add the whole array to the next element instead of adding the keys and values to the array. If this is not what you want, you're better off using array_merge() or traverse the array you're pushing on and add each element with $stack[$key] = $value.

<?php

$stack
= array('a', 'b', 'c');
array_push($stack, array('d', 'e', 'f'));
print_r($stack);

?>
The above will output this:
Array (
  [0] => a
  [1] => b
  [2] => c
  [3] => Array (
     [0] => a
     [1] => b
     [2] => c
  )
)
up
2
kamprettos at yahoo dot com Teguh Iskanto
12 years ago
Looking for a way to push data into an associative array and frustrated to know that array_push() can't do the job ?

here's my Scenario :
-------------------
I need to relate system command output into an associative array like these :

[sge@digital_db work]$ /usr/local/apache/htdocs/work/qhost.sh -h t1 -F | awk '{if(NR>4) print $1}' | sed  's/hl://g'
arch=lx24-amd64
num_proc=2.000000
mem_total=3.808G
swap_total=3.907G
virtual_total=7.715G
load_avg=0.000000
load_short=0.000000
load_medium=0.000000
load_long=0.000000
mem_free=3.510G
swap_free=3.907G
virtual_free=7.417G
mem_used=305.242M
swap_used=0.000
virtual_used=305.242M
cpu=0.000000
np_load_avg=0.000000
np_load_short=0.000000
np_load_medium=0.000000
np_load_long=0.000000

how I did it :
<? php

# get into the system command output
$assoc_cmd =`$work_dir/qhost.sh -h $host_resource -F | awk '{if(NR>4) print $1}'| sed  's/hl://g' ` ;

# split the "\n" character
$assoc_row = explode("\n", chop($assoc_cmd));

# get the index row
$idx_row  = count($assoc_row) - 1 ;

# initialize the associative array
$host_res_array = array();

for (
$i = 0 ; $i<= $idx_row ; $i++)
        {      
               
# get params & values
               
list($host_param,$host_val) = explode("=",$assoc_row[$i]);

               
# populate / push data to assoc array
               
$host_res_array[$host_param]= $host_val ;
        }   

echo
"<pre> Architecture : </pre>\n" ;
echo
$host_res_array['arch'] ;
echo
"<pre> Mem Total    : </pre>\n" ;
echo
$host_res_array['mem_tot'];

?>

Hope this helps ! :)
up
1
mrgreen dot webpost at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Rodrigo de Aquino asserted that instead of using array_push to append to an associative array you can instead just do...

        $data[$key] = $value;

...but this is actually not true. Unlike array_push and even...

        $data[] = $value;

...Rodrigo's suggestion is NOT guaranteed to append the new element to the END of the array. For instance...

        $data['one'] = 1;
        $data['two'] = 2;
        $data['three'] = 3;
        $data['four'] = 4;

...might very well result in an array that looks like this...

       [ "four" => 4, "one" => 1, "three" => 3, "two" => 2 ]

I can only assume that PHP sorts the array as elements are added to make it easier for it to find a specified element by its key later. In many cases it won't matter if the array is not stored internally in the same order you added the elements, but if, for instance, you execute a foreach on the array later, the elements may not be processed in the order you need them to be.

If you want to add elements to the END of an associative array you should use the unary array union operator (+=) instead...

       $data['one'] = 1;
       $data += [ "two" => 2 ];
       $data += [ "three" => 3 ];
       $data += [ "four" => 4 ];

You can also, of course, append more than one element at once...

       $data['one'] = 1;
       $data += [ "two" => 2, "three" => 3 ];
       $data += [ "four" => 4 ];

Note that like array_push (but unlike $array[] =) the array must exist before the unary union, which means that if you are building an array in a loop you need to declare an empty array first...

       $data = [];
       for ( $i = 1; $i < 5; $i++ ) {
              $data += [ "element$i" => $i ];
       }

...which will result in an array that looks like this...

      [ "element1" => 1, "element2" => 2, "element3" => 3, "element4" => 4 ]
up
5
aosojnik at gmail dot com
7 years ago
If you want to preserve the keys in the array, use the following:

<?php
function array_pshift(&$array) {
   
$keys = array_keys($array);
   
$key = array_shift($keys);
   
$element = $array[$key];
    unset(
$array[$key]);
    return
$element;
}
?>
up
2
zbde00 at hotmail dot com
10 years ago
A very good function to remove a element from array
function array_del($str,&$array)
{
    if (in_array($str,$array)==true)
    {
   
        foreach ($array as $key=>$value)
        {
            if ($value==$str) unset($array[$key]);
        }
    }
}
up
3
bk at quicknet dot nl
12 years ago
Add elements to an array before or after a specific index or key:

<?php

/**
* @return array
* @param array $src
* @param array $in
* @param int|string $pos
*/
function array_push_before($src,$in,$pos){
    if(
is_int($pos)) $R=array_merge(array_slice($src,0,$pos), $in, array_slice($src,$pos));
    else{
        foreach(
$src as $k=>$v){
            if(
$k==$pos)$R=array_merge($R,$in);
           
$R[$k]=$v;
        }
    }return
$R;
}

/**
* @return array
* @param array $src
* @param array $in
* @param int|string $pos
*/
function array_push_after($src,$in,$pos){
    if(
is_int($pos)) $R=array_merge(array_slice($src,0,$pos+1), $in, array_slice($src,$pos+1));
    else{
        foreach(
$src as $k=>$v){
           
$R[$k]=$v;
            if(
$k==$pos)$R=array_merge($R,$in);
        }
    }return
$R;
}

// Examples:

$src=array("A","B","C");
$in=array("X","Y");

var_dump(array_push_before($src,$in,1));
/* array_push_before, no-key array
array(5) {
  [0]=>
  string(1) "A"
  [1]=>
  string(1) "X"
  [2]=>
  string(1) "Y"
  [3]=>
  string(1) "B"
  [4]=>
  string(1) "C"
}*/

var_dump(array_push_after($src,$in,1));
/* array_push_after, no-key array
array(5) {
  [0]=>
  string(1) "A"
  [1]=>
  string(1) "B"
  [2]=>
  string(1) "X"
  [3]=>
  string(1) "Y"
  [4]=>
  string(1) "C"
}*/

$src=array('a'=>"A",'b'=>"B",'c'=>"C");
$in=array('x'=>"X",'y'=>"Y");

var_dump(array_push_before($src,$in,1));
/* array_push_before, key array, before index insert
array(5) {
  ["a"]=>
  string(1) "A"
  ["x"]=>
  string(1) "X"
  ["y"]=>
  string(1) "Y"
  ["b"]=>
  string(1) "B"
  ["c"]=>
  string(1) "C"
}*/

var_dump(array_push_before($src,$in,'b'));
/* array_push_before, key array, before key insert
array(5) {
  ["a"]=>
  string(1) "A"
  ["x"]=>
  string(1) "X"
  ["y"]=>
  string(1) "Y"
  ["b"]=>
  string(1) "B"
  ["c"]=>
  string(1) "C"
}*/

var_dump(array_push_after($src,$in,1));
/* array_push_after, key array, after index insert
array(5) {
  ["a"]=>
  string(1) "A"
  ["b"]=>
  string(1) "B"
  ["x"]=>
  string(1) "X"
  ["y"]=>
  string(1) "Y"
  ["c"]=>
  string(1) "C"
}*/

var_dump(array_push_after($src,$in,'b'));
/* array_push_after, key array, after key insert
array(5) {
  ["a"]=>
  string(1) "A"
  ["b"]=>
  string(1) "B"
  ["x"]=>
  string(1) "X"
  ["y"]=>
  string(1) "Y"
  ["c"]=>
  string(1) "C"
}*/

?>
up
1
helpmepro1 at gmail dot com
8 years ago
elegant php array combinations algorithm

<?

//by Shimon Dookin

function get_combinations(&$lists,&$result,$stack=array(),$pos=0)
{
$list=$lists[$pos];
if(
is_array($list))
  foreach(
$list as $word)
  {
  
array_push($stack,$word);
   if(
count($lists)==count($stack))
   
$result[]=$stack;
   else
   
get_combinations($lists,$result,$stack,$pos+1);
  
array_pop($stack);
  }
}

$wordlists= array( array("shimon","doodkin") , array("php programmer","sql programmer","mql metatrader programmer") );

get_combinations($wordlists,$combinations);

echo
'<xmp>';
print_r($combinations);

?>
up
0
gfuente at garrahan dot gov dot ar
10 months ago
If the element to be pushed onto the end of array is an array you will receive the following error message:

Unknown Error, value: [8] Array to string conversion

I tried both: (and works, but with the warning message)

            $aRol = array( $row[0], $row[1], $row[2] );
            $aRoles[] = $aRol;

and
            array_push( $aRoles, $aRol);

The correct way:

            $cUnRol = implode("(",array( $row[0], $row[1], $row[2] ) );
            array_push( $aRoles, $cUnRol );

thanks.
up
-1
colecooper2005 at icloud dot com
1 year ago
When developing a pocketmine plugin, a good way to add stuff to a YAML table is

$table=$this->config->get("Table");
array_push($table, "New Value for table");
$this->config->set("Table", $table);
up
-1
raat1979 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Unfortunately array_push returns the new number of items in the array
It does not give you the key of the item you just added, in numeric arrays you could do -1, you do however need to be sure that no associative key exists as that would break the assumption

It would have been better if array_push would have returned the key of the item just added like the below function
(perhaps a native variant would be a good idea...)

<?php

if(!function_exists('array_add')){
    function
array_add(array &$array,$value /*[, $...]*/){
       
$values = func_get_args();     //get all values
       
$values[0]= &$array;        //REFERENCE!
       
$org=key($array);              //where are we?
       
call_user_func_array('array_push',$values);
       
end($array);                 // move to the last item
       
$key = key($array);         //get the key of the last item
       
if($org===null){
           
//was at eof, added something, move to it
           
return $key;
        }elseif(
$org<(count($array)/2)){ //somewhere in the middle +/- is fine
           
reset($array);
            while (
key($array) !== $org) next($List);
        }else{
            while (
key($array) !== $org) prev($List);
        }
        return
$key;
    }
}
echo
"<pre>\n";
$pr = array('foo'=>'bar','bar'=>'foo');
echo
"Taken array;";
print_r($pr);

echo
"\npush 1 returns ".array_push($pr,1)."\n";
echo
"------------------------------------\n";
$pr = array('foo'=>'bar','bar'=>'foo');
echo
"\npush 2 returns ".array_push($pr,1,2)."\n";
echo
"------------------------------------\n";
$pr = array('foo'=>'bar','bar'=>'foo');
echo
"\n add 1 returns ".array_add($pr,2)."\n\n";
echo
"------------------------------------\n";
$pr = array('foo'=>'bar','bar'=>'foo');
echo
"\n add 2 returns ".array_add($pr,1,2)."\n\n";
echo
"<pre/>\n\n";
?>
Outputs:
Taken array;Array
(
    [foo] => bar
    [bar] => foo
)

push 1 returns 3
------------------------------------

push 2 returns 4
------------------------------------

add 1 returns 0

------------------------------------

add 2 returns 1
up
0
golddragon007
2 years ago
I did a performance check, and I saw, if you push more than one value it can be faster the array push, that the normal $array[] version.

Case 1: $array[] = something;
Case 2: array_push($array, $value);
Case 3: array_push($array, $value1, $value2, $value3 [...]); $values are definied
Case 4: array_push($array, $value1, $value2, $value3 [...]); $values are definied, when $array is not empty
Case 5: Case1 + Case 3
Case 6: Result array contains some value (Case 4)
Case 7: Result array contains same value as the push array (Case 4)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.0310 0.0300 0.0290 0.0340 0.0400 0.0440 0.0480 0.0550 0.0570 0.0570
Min: 0.0290
Max: 0.0570
Avg: 0.0425
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 2 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.3890 0.3850 0.3770 0.4110 0.4020 0.3980 0.4020 0.4060 0.4130 0.4200
Min: 0.3770
Max: 0.4200
Avg: 0.4003
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 3 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.0200 0.0220 0.0240 0.0340 0.0360 0.0410 0.0460 0.0500 0.0520 0.0520
Min: 0.0200
Max: 0.0520
Avg: 0.0377
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 4 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.0200 0.0250 0.0230 0.0260 0.0330 0.0390 0.0460 0.0510 0.0520 0.0520
Min: 0.0200
Max: 0.0520
Avg: 0.0367
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 5 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.0260 0.0250 0.0370 0.0360 0.0390 0.0440 0.0510 0.0520 0.0530 0.0560
Min: 0.0250
Max: 0.0560
Avg: 0.0419
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 6 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.0340 0.0280 0.0370 0.0410 0.0450 0.0480 0.0560 0.0580 0.0580 0.0570
Min: 0.0280
Max: 0.0580
Avg: 0.0462
~~~~~~~~~~~~ Case 7 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
Times: 0.0290 0.0270 0.0350 0.0410 0.0430 0.0470 0.0540 0.0540 0.0550 0.0550
Min: 0.0270
Max: 0.0550
Avg: 0.044

Tester code:
// Case 1
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    $array = array();
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        $array[] = $x;
    }
    $endTime = microtime(true);

// Case 2
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    $array = array();
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        array_push($array, $x);
    }
    $endTime = microtime(true);

// Case 3
    $result = array();
    $array2 = array(&$result)+$array;
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    call_user_func_array("array_push", $array2);
    $endTime = microtime(true);

// Case 4
    $result = array();
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        $result[] = $x;
    }
    $array2 = array(&$result)+$array;
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    call_user_func_array("array_push", $array2);
    $endTime = microtime(true);

// Case 5
    $result = array();
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    $array = array(&$result);
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        $array[] = $x;
    }
    $endTime = microtime(true);

// Case 6
    $result = array(1,2,3,4,5,6);
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    $array = array(&$result);
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        $array[] = $x;
    }
    $endTime = microtime(true);

// Case 7
    $result = array();
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        $result[] = $x;
    }
    $startTime = microtime(true);
    $array = array(&$result);
    for ($x = 1; $x <= 100000; $x++)
    {
        $array[] = $x;
    }
    $endTime = microtime(true);
up
0
flobee
4 years ago
Be warned using $array "+=" array(1,2,3) or union operations (http://php.net/manual/en/language.operators.array.php)

I think it worked in the past or i havent test it good enough. :-/
(once it worked, once [] was faster than array_push, the past :-D ):

php -r '$a = array(1,2); $a += array(3,4); print_r($a);'
Array (
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
)
php -r '$a = array(1,2); $b = array(3,4);$c = $a + $b; print_r($c);'
Array (
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
)
php -r '$a = array(1,2); $b = array(2=>3,3=>4);$c = $a + $b; print_r($c);'
Array (
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 4
)
up
0
Chicna
5 years ago
I found a simple way to have an "array_push_array" function, without the references problem when we want to use call_user_func_array(), hope this help :

function array_push_array(array &$array)
{
    $numArgs = func_num_args();
    if(2 > $numArgs)
    {
      trigger_error(sprintf('%s: expects at least 2 parameters, %s given', __FUNCTION__, $numArgs), E_USER_WARNING);
      return false;
    }
   
    $values = func_get_args();
    array_shift($values);
  
    foreach($values as $v)
    {
      if(is_array($v))
      {
        if(count($v) > 0)
        {
          foreach($v as $w)
          {
            $array[] = $w;
          }
        }
      }
      else
      {
        $array[] = $v;
      }
    }
   
    return count($array);
}
up
0
rarioj at gmail dot com
8 years ago
This function "Returns the new number of elements in the array."

To find out the last index, use:

<?php
$count
= array_push($array, $value);
$last_index = array_pop(array_keys($array));
?>
up
0
wesleys at opperschaap dot net
9 years ago
A function which mimics push() from perl, perl lets you push an array to an array: push(@array, @array2, @array3). This function mimics that behaviour.

<?php

function array_push_array(&$arr) {
   
$args = func_get_args();
   
array_shift($args);

    if (!
is_array($arr)) {
       
trigger_error(sprintf("%s: Cannot perform push on something that isn't an array!", __FUNCTION__), E_USER_WARNING);
        return
false;
    }

    foreach(
$args as $v) {
        if (
is_array($v)) {
            if (
count($v) > 0) {
               
array_unshift($v, &$arr);
               
call_user_func_array('array_push'$v);
            }
        } else {
           
$arr[] = $v;
        }
    }
    return
count($arr);
}

$arr = array(0);
$arr2  = array(6,7,8);
printf("%s\n", array_push_array($arr, array(),array(1,2,3,4,5), $arr2));
print_r($arr);

# error..
$arr = "test";
printf("%s\n", array_push_array($arr, array(),array(1,2,3,4,5), $arr2));

?>
up
0
alexander dot williamson at gmail dot com
9 years ago
This will work to solve the associative array issues:

$aValues[$key] = $value;

Where $key is a unique identifier and $value is the value to be stored. Since the $key works off a string or number, if you already have a $key with the same value as an existing $key, the element will be overwritten.

e.g.

$aValues["one"] = "value of one";
$aValues["two"] = "different value of two!";

gives:
array([one] => "value of one", [two] => "value of two");

but will be overwritten when using the same key (one):

$aValues["one"] = "value of one";
$aValues["one"] = "different value of two!";

will give:

array([one] => "different value of two!");

3686
up
0
Marc Bernet
11 years ago
A small and basic implementation of a stack without using an array.

class node
{
        var $elem;
        var    $next;
}
class stack
{
    var $next;
    function pop()
    {
        $aux=$this->next->elem;
        $this->next=$this->next->next;
        return $aux;
    }
    function push($obj)
    {
        $nod=new node;
        $nod->elem=$obj;
        $nod->next=$this->next;
        $this->next=$nod;
    }
    function stack()
    {
        $this->next=NULL;
    }    
}
up
0
steve at webthoughts d\ot ca
12 years ago
Further Modification on the array_push_associative function
1.  removes seemingly useless array_unshift function that generates php warning
2.  adds support for non-array arguments

<?
// Append associative array elements
function array_push_associative(&$arr) {
  
$args = func_get_args();
   foreach (
$args as $arg) {
       if (
is_array($arg)) {
           foreach (
$arg as $key => $value) {
              
$arr[$key] = $value;
              
$ret++;
           }
       }else{
          
$arr[$arg] = "";
       }
   }
   return
$ret;
}

$items = array("here" => "now");
$moreitems = array("this" => "that");

$theArray = array("where" => "do we go", "here" => "we are today");
echo
array_push_associative($theArray, $items, $moreitems, "five") . ' is the size of $theArray.<br />';
   
echo
"<pre>";
print_r($theArray);
echo
"</pre>";

?>

Yields:

4 is the size of $theArray.
Array
(
    [where] => do we go
    [here] => now
    [this] => that
    [five] =>
)
up
0
john
12 years ago
A variation of kamprettos' associative array push:

// append associative array elements
function associative_push($arr, $tmp) {
  if (is_array($tmp)) {
    foreach ($tmp as $key => $value) {
      $arr[$key] = $value;
    }
    return $arr;
  }
  return false;
}

$theArray = array();
$theArray = associative_push($theArray, $items);
up
0
ciprian dot amariei at gmail com
12 years ago
regarding the speed of oneill's solution to insert a value into a non-associative array,  I've done some tests and I found that it behaves well if you have a small array and more insertions, but for a huge array and a little insersions I sugest  using this function:

function array_insert( &$array, $index, $value ) {
   $cnt = count($array);

   for( $i = $cnt-1; $i >= $index; --$i ) {
       $array[ $i + 1 ] = $array[ $i ];
   }
   $array[$index] = $value;
}

or if you are a speed adicted programmer (same situation: big array, few insertions) use this:

array_splice ( $array, $offset, 0, $item );

item may also be an array of values ;).
up
0
Phil Davies
12 years ago
As someone pointed out the array_push() function returns the count of the array not the key of the new element. As it was the latter function i required i wrote this very simple replacement.

function array_push2(&$array,$object,$key=null){
    $keys = array_keys($array);
    rsort($keys);
    $newkey = ($key==null)?$keys[0]+1:$key;
    $array[$newkey] = $object;
    return $newkey;
}
up
0
bart at framers dot nl
16 years ago
Array_push also works fine with multidimensional arrays. Just make sure the element is defined as an array first.

<?php
$array
["element"][$element]["element"] = array();
array_push ($array["element"][$element]["element"], "banana");
?>
up
-2
yuri
5 years ago
If you want to put an element to a specific position in an array, try this function.

<?php

function array_put_to_position(&$array, $object, $position, $name = null)
{
       
$count = 0;
       
$return = array();
        foreach (
$array as $k => $v)
        {  
               
// insert new object
               
if ($count == $position)
                {  
                        if (!
$name) $name = $count;
                       
$return[$name] = $object;
                       
$inserted = true;
                }  
               
// insert old object
               
$return[$k] = $v;
               
$count++;
        }  
        if (!
$name) $name = $count;
        if (!
$inserted) $return[$name];
       
$array = $return;
        return
$array;
}
?>

Example :

<?php
$a
= array(
'a' => 'A',
'b' => 'B',
'c' => 'C',
);
           
print_r($a);
array_put_to_position($a, 'G', 2, 'g');
print_r($a);

/*
Array
(
    [a] => A
    [b] => B
    [c] => C
)
Array
(
    [a] => A
    [b] => B
    [g] => G
    [c] => C
)
*/
?>
up
-2
oneill at c dot dk
12 years ago
To insert a value into a non-associative array, I find this simple function does the trick:

function insert_in_array_pos($array, $pos, $value)
{
  $result = array_merge(array_slice($array, 0 , $pos), array($value), array_slice($array,  $pos));
  return $result;
}

Seems an awful lot simpler than the iterative solutions given above...
To Top