SunshinePHP Developer Conference 2015

array_pad

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

array_padComplète un tableau avec une valeur jusqu'à la longueur spécifiée

Description

array array_pad ( array $array , int $size , mixed $value )

array_pad() retourne une copie du tableau array complétée jusqu'à la taille de size avec la valeur value. Si size est positif, alors le tableau est complété à droite, s'il est négatif, il est complété à gauche. Si la valeur absolue de size est plus petite que la taille du tableau array, alors le tableau n'est pas complété. Il est possible d'ajouter au maximum 1048576 éléments d'un seul coup.

Liste de paramètres

array

Tableau initial de valeurs à compléter.

size

Nouvelle taille du tableau.

value

Valeur à insérer si l'argument array est plus petit que l'argument size.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne une copie du tableau array complétée jusqu'à la taille de size avec la valeur value. Si size est positif, alors le tableau est complété à droite, s'il est négatif, il est complété à gauche. Si la valeur absolue de size est plus petite que la taille du tableau array, alors le tableau n'est pas complété.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec array_pad()

<?php
$input 
= array(12109);

$result array_pad($input50);
// Le résultat est : array(12, 10, 9, 0, 0)

$result array_pad($input, -7, -1);
// Le résultat est : array(-1, -1, -1, -1, 12, 10, 9)

$result array_pad($input2"noop");
// pas complété
?>

Voir aussi

  • array_fill() - Remplit un tableau avec une même valeur
  • range() - Crée un tableau contenant un intervalle d'éléments

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

up
4
tugla
5 years ago
Beware, if you try to pad an associative array using numeric keys, your keys will be re-numbered.

<?php
$a
= array('size'=>'large', 'number'=>20, 'color'=>'red');
print_r($a);
print_r(array_pad($a, 5, 'foo'));

// use timestamps as keys
$b = array(1229600459=>'large', 1229604787=>20, 1229609459=>'red');
print_r($b);
print_r(array_pad($b, 5, 'foo'));
?>

yields this:
------------------
Array
(
    [size] => large
    [number] => 20
    [color] => red
)
Array
(
    [size] => large
    [number] => 20
    [color] => red
    [0] => foo
    [1] => foo
)
Array
(
    [1229600459] => large
    [1229604787] => 20
    [1229609459] => red
)
Array
(
    [0] => large
    [1] => 20
    [2] => red
    [3] => foo
    [4] => foo
)
up
3
Anonymous
10 years ago
One way to initialize a 20x20 multidimensional array. 

<?php
$a
= array();
$b = array();
$b = array_pad($b,20,0);
$a = array_pad($a,20,$b);
?>
up
2
mwwaygoo at hotmail dot com
12 years ago
OR you could do this

<?php
$myArr
= array(2 => 'three', 3 => 'four');

$newArr = array_pad(array(), 4, 'FILLED');
$newArr =$myArr+$newArr;
?>

This gives your desired result BUT the ordering is a little wierd, because of the order they were added. Indexes are okay though and that is what you wanted.

print_r($newArr) outputs
Array ( [2] => three [3] => four [0] => FILLED [1] => FILLED )

hope this helps
up
2
daarius at hotmail dot com
12 years ago
yes that is true. But, if the index of the array is 2=two, 3=three

and i want 4 more keys to be filled. But, not just filled anywhere, but i want to maintain the key index.

so, i would like to have 0=FILLED, 1=FILLED ... 4=FILLED, 5=FILLED

now i got 4 more keys padded with my string.

We can do this "if" we know the missing keys, but if we dont, then it would be nice for array_pad() or perhaps some new function to do this?

obviously we can achive this by looping through the array using array_key_exists(), and if you dont find the key, simply create + fill it.
regards,
Daarius...
up
2
scott*hurring.com
12 years ago
to the previous commenter -- if you read the manual entry, you'd see that a negative pad_size will put the pad values at the front of the array.
up
2
mwwaygoo at hotmail dot com
10 years ago
little older, a little wiser.

ksort() will order the array back into its normal order again
so:

<?php
$myArr
= array(2 => 'two', 4 => 'four');

$newArr = array_pad(array(), 6, 'FILLED');
$newArr =$myArr+$newArr;
ksort($newArr);
?>

Will give :
Array ( [0] => FILLED [1] => FILLED [2] => two [3] => FILLED [4] => four [5] => FILLED )
up
0
slava-san at mail dot ru
1 year ago
// insert element to array
function array_insert(&$arr, $pos, $new_el=null) {
    $arraypad = array_pad($arr, count($arr)+1, 0);
    for ($i=count($arr)-1; $i>=$pos; $i--) {
        $arr[$i+1] = $arr[$i];
        if ($i == $pos) {
            $arr[$i] = $new_el;
        }
    }
}

$digits = array();
$digits[0] = 0;
$digits[1] = 1;
$digits[2] = 2;
$digits[3] = 3;
$digits[4] = 4;
$digits[5] = 5;
echo "was: "; var_dump($digits);

array_insert($digits, 3, 100);
echo "new: "; var_dump($digits);
up
0
hk, StrApp Bussiness Solutions
7 years ago
A simple example for array_pad()

the syntax is as follows: array_pad(array(), (+/-)int, value)

where "array" is the array to which the value is to be added,

"(+/-) int" is a value that decides the length of the array(it should be greater than the length of the array.
if its a negative number then the value will be added at the left of the array else it will be added to the right.

"values" denotes the value to be added to the array

lets try an example:

<?php

$digits
= array();
$digits[0] = 1;
$digits[1] = 2;
$digits[2] = 3;
$arraypad = array_pad($digits, -4, "0");
print_r($arraypad);

?>

output:

Array ( [0] => 0 [1] => 1 [2] => 2 [3] => 3 )
up
0
goffrie at sympatico dot ca
11 years ago
To daarius - you mean you have...

[2]=>"two"
[3]=>"three"

and you want...

[0]=>"FILLED"
[1]=>"FILLED"
[2]=>"two"
[3]=>"three"
[4]=>"FILLED"
[5]=>"FILLED"

If so, then the following code...

<?php
$array
= array(2 => "two", 3 => "three");
$array = array_pad($array, count($array)+2, "FILLED");
$num = -(count($array)+2);
$array = array_pad($array, $num, "FILLED");
print_r($array);
?>

will return:
Array ( [0] => FILLED [1] => FILLED [2] => two [3] => three [4] => FILLED [5] => FILLED )
The ordering should be okay,...
up
-1
sonu50imedbvu at gmail dot com(Sonu Jaiswal)
3 years ago
Just an info about the value of "$pad_size" ,

If we set the value of "$pad_size" from -3 to 3,

It will produce the output like:

<?php
$result
= array_pad($input, -3, "noop");
//result is array(12, 10, 9)

$result = array_pad($input, 3, "noop");
//result is array(12, 10, 9)
?>

means array will remain the same.
up
-1
oaev at mail dot ru
9 years ago
Easy way to get an array contains 5 random numbers from 0 to 9:

$rand_arr = array_rand( array_pad( array(), 10, 1 ), 5 );
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