(PECL geoip >= 0.2.0)

geoip_record_by_name返回 GeoIP 数据库中详细的城市信息


geoip_record_by_name(string $hostname): array

geoip_record_by_name() 函数将会返回主机或者 IP 地址所对应的记录信息。

该函数在 GeoLite City 版本和商业 GeoIP City 版本中可用。 版本不对的话,将会抛出一个警告。


  • "continent_code" -- 由两个字符组成的洲简称。(要求 GeoIP 的库版本是1.0.4以上)
  • "country_code" -- 由2个字母组成的国家简称。(参见 geoip_country_code_by_name())
  • "country_code3" -- 由三个字母组成的国家简称。(参见 geoip_country_code3_by_name())
  • "country_name" -- 国家名称 (参见 geoip_country_name_by_name())
  • "region" -- 地区代码 (比如: CA 对应 California)
  • "city" -- 城市名称。
  • "postal_code" -- 邮编,FSA 或者 Zip 编码。
  • "latitude" -- 有符号的 float 纬度。
  • "longitude" -- 有符号的 float 经度。
  • "dma_code" -- 指定市场区号 (只支持美国和加拿大)
  • "area_code" -- PSTN (公共交换电话网络)地区代码。 (比如: 212)



所要查找的主机或者 IP 地址。


成功,返回关联数组,未找到相关信息则返回 false


版本 说明
PECL geoip 1.0.4 给 GeoIP 1.4.4及以上版本的库添加 continent_code 字段。
PECL geoip 1.0.3 添加 country_code3 和 country_name 字段。


示例 #1 geoip_record_by_name() 例子:

以下示例将会输出包含 主机记录的数组。

= geoip_record_by_name('');
if (
$record) {


    [continent_code] => NA
    [country_code] => US
    [country_code3] => USA
    [country_name] => United States
    [region] => CA
    [city] => Marina Del Rey
    [postal_code] => 
    [latitude] => 33.9776992798
    [longitude] => -118.435096741
    [dma_code] => 803
    [area_code] => 310

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

10 years ago
I know this may be obvious to some but I thought I would post it anyway to help others. The GEOIP section of the PHP site is a bit limited in useful tips/documentation other than the initial functions and examples.

If you are trying to get information about the specific user visiting your site, you should use their IP address via the remote address in the GEOIP function. In addition here are some useful bits of code to pull certain information from the function.
# Collect a specific users GEOIP info
$info = geoip_record_by_name($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']);
print_r ($info);

# To get the info from one specific field
$country = $info['country_name'];

# To combine information from the array into a string
$info = implode("/", $info);

Note on field in this array is NOT included, the connection speed of the user. To find the connection speed/connection type the visitor has, you can use the geoip_id_by_name() function. Lastly it is a good idea on whatever platform you are using GEOIP on to make sure it's data is up-to-date. On most Linux/UNIX systems with terminal you can use "pear update-channels" and "pecl update-channels" commands to keep your libraries updated. This is a good idea because GEOIP databases and country/location codes often change over time.
wouter dot berben at ignitione dot com
11 years ago
This function returns a PHP Notice when a address can not be found.
bogdan at grabinski dot com
9 years ago
I use this additional code in my error handler class to suppress "PHP Notice" send by the function geoip_record_by_name() in case of IP not found. No e-mails or echo on display is welcome for this notice in development environment.

public static function Handler($errNo, $errStr, $errFile, $errLine){
   $backtrace = ErrorHandler::GetBacktrace(2);
   // detection of unwelcome  PHP Notice and its ignoring.
   if($errNo == E_NOTICE && preg_match('/^geoip_record_by_name.*Host.*not found$/', $errStr)){

The rest of normal error handler code remains.
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