get_defined_constants

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5, PHP 7)

get_defined_constantsReturns an associative array with the names of all the constants and their values

Опис

array get_defined_constants ([ bool $categorize = false ] )

Returns the names and values of all the constants currently defined. This includes those created by extensions as well as those created with the define() function.

Параметри

categorize

Causing this function to return a multi-dimensional array with categories in the keys of the first dimension and constants and their values in the second dimension.

<?php
define
("MY_CONSTANT"1);
print_r(get_defined_constants(true));
?>

Наведений вище приклад виведе щось подібне до:

Array
(
    [Core] => Array
        (
            [E_ERROR] => 1
            [E_WARNING] => 2
            [E_PARSE] => 4
            [E_NOTICE] => 8
            [E_CORE_ERROR] => 16
            [E_CORE_WARNING] => 32
            [E_COMPILE_ERROR] => 64
            [E_COMPILE_WARNING] => 128
            [E_USER_ERROR] => 256
            [E_USER_WARNING] => 512
            [E_USER_NOTICE] => 1024
            [E_ALL] => 2047
            [TRUE] => 1
        )

    [pcre] => Array
        (
            [PREG_PATTERN_ORDER] => 1
            [PREG_SET_ORDER] => 2
            [PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE] => 256
            [PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY] => 1
            [PREG_SPLIT_DELIM_CAPTURE] => 2
            [PREG_SPLIT_OFFSET_CAPTURE] => 4
            [PREG_GREP_INVERT] => 1
        )

    [user] => Array
        (
            [MY_CONSTANT] => 1
        )

)

Значення, що повертаються

Returns an array of constant name => constant value array, optionally groupped by extension name registering the constant.

Журнал Змін

Версія Опис
5.3.1 Windows only: Core constants are categorized under Core, previously mhash.
5.3.0 Core constants are categorized under Core, previously internal. On Windows, the Core Constants are categorized under mhash.
5.2.11 The categorize parameter now operates appropriately. Previously, the categorize parameter was interpreted as !is_null($categorize), making any value other than NULL force the constants to be categorized.

Приклади

Приклад #1 get_defined_constants() Example

<?php
print_r
(get_defined_constants());
?>

Наведений вище приклад виведе щось подібне до:

Array
(
    [E_ERROR] => 1
    [E_WARNING] => 2
    [E_PARSE] => 4
    [E_NOTICE] => 8
    [E_CORE_ERROR] => 16
    [E_CORE_WARNING] => 32
    [E_COMPILE_ERROR] => 64
    [E_COMPILE_WARNING] => 128
    [E_USER_ERROR] => 256
    [E_USER_WARNING] => 512
    [E_USER_NOTICE] => 1024
    [E_ALL] => 2047
    [TRUE] => 1
)

Прогляньте Також

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
14
Bob
14 years ago
Add this method to your class definition if you want an array of class constants (get_defined_constants doesn't work with class constants as Peter P said above):

<?php
public function get_class_constants()
{
   
$reflect = new ReflectionClass(get_class($this));
    return
$reflect->getConstants());
}
?>

You could also override stdObject with it so that all your classes  have this method
up
3
R4FC0R3
4 years ago
If you want to access directly on one category, just use:

<?php

print_r
(get_defined_constants(true)['Core']);

?>

you can replace 'Core' by the category you wish (e.g. user):

<?php

print_r
(get_defined_constants(true)['user']);

?>

Warning: only use this on development side
up
1
me at gogogadgetscott dot info
17 years ago
<?php
/**
* Convert constant value into string name.
*
* @param  mixed  Constant value.
* @return string Constant name.
* @access public
*/
function sch_get_consant($value)
{
   
$constants = get_defined_constants();
   
$name = array_search($value, $constants, TRUE);   
    return
$name;
}
?>
up
1
Anonymous
16 years ago
If you want to filter through and return only the prefix for your constants (i.e. you have constants with a naming scheme), then you can use this quick little function. It comes in handy for debugging.

<?php
function returnConstants ($prefix) {
    foreach (
get_defined_constants() as $key=>$value)
        if (
substr($key,0,strlen($prefix))==$prefix$dump[$key] = $value;
    if(empty(
$dump)) { return "Error: No Constants found with prefix '".$prefix."'"; }
    else { return
$dump; }
}
?>

Example:

<?php
define
("SITENAME_OPTION_ONE",true);
define("SITENAME_OPTION_TWO",false);
define("SITENAME_URL","foo");

print_r(returnConstants("SITENAME_OPTION"));
?>

Will return:

Array
(
    [SITENAME_OPTIONONE] => 1
    [SITENAME_OPTIONTWO] =>
)
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