(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

mysqli::rollback -- mysqli_rollbackОткат текущей транзакции


Объектно-ориентированный стиль

public mysqli::rollback(int $flags = 0, ?string $name = null): bool

Процедурный стиль

mysqli_rollback(mysqli $mysql, int $flags = 0, ?string $name = null): bool

Откатывает текущую транзакцию.

Список параметров


Только для процедурного стиля: объект mysqli, полученный с помощью mysqli_connect() или mysqli_init().


Битовая маска констант MYSQLI_TRANS_COR_*.


Если передана, то выполняется ROLLBACK/*name*/.

Возвращаемые значения

Возвращает true в случае успешного выполнения или false в случае возникновения ошибки.

Список изменений

Версия Описание
8.0.0 name теперь допускает значение null.


Смотрите пример использования в разделе mysqli::begin_transaction().



Функция не работает с нетранзакционными типами таблиц (такими как MyISAM или ISAM).

Смотрите также

  • mysqli_begin_transaction() - Стартует транзакцию
  • mysqli_commit() - Фиксирует текущую транзакцию
  • mysqli_autocommit() - Включает или отключает автоматическую фиксацию изменений базы данных
  • mysqli_release_savepoint() - Удаляет именованную точку сохранения из списка точек сохранения текущей транзакции

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

Steven McCoy
10 years ago
Remember that MyISAM tables do not support rollbacks.

I just drove myself crazy for an afternoon trying to figure out what was wrong with my code - meanwhile it was fine all along
Lorenzo - webmaster AT 4tour DOT it
13 years ago
This is an example to explain the powerful of the rollback and commit functions.
Let's suppose you want to be sure that all queries have to be executed without errors before writing data on the database.
Here's the code:

=true; // our control variable

//we make 4 inserts, the last one generates an error
//if at least one query returns an error we change our control variable
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO myCity (id) VALUES (100)") ? null : $all_query_ok=false;
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO myCity (id) VALUES (200)") ? null : $all_query_ok=false;
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO myCity (id) VALUES (300)") ? null : $all_query_ok=false;
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO myCity (id) VALUES (100)") ? null : $all_query_ok=false; //duplicated PRIMARY KEY VALUE

//now let's test our control variable
$all_query_ok ? $mysqli->commit() : $mysqli->rollback();


hope to be helpful!
xcalibur at xcalibur dot dk
12 years ago
Just a note about auto incremental ids and rollback.
When using transactions and inserting into a table containing a column with auto incremental ids, the id will be incremented even though the transaction is rolled back.

This might occupy a lot of ids if a lot of rollbacks are performed.

= new mysqli("localhost", "gugbageri", "gugbageri", "gugbageri");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
printf("Connect failed: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());

/* disable autocommit */

/* We just create a test table with one auto incremental primary column and a content column*/
$mysqli->query("CREATE TABLE TestTable ( `id_column` INT NOT NULL  AUTO_INCREMENT , `content` INT NOT NULL , PRIMARY KEY ( `id_column` )) ENGINE = InnoDB;");

/* commit newly created table */

/* we insert a row */
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO TestTable (content) VALUES (99)");

/* we commit the inserted row */

/* we insert another three rows */
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO TestTable (content) VALUES (99)");
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO TestTable (content) VALUES (99)");
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO TestTable (content) VALUES (99)");

/* we the rollback */

/* we insert a row */
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO TestTable (content) VALUES (99)");

/* we commit the inserted row */

if (
$result = $mysqli->query("SELECT id_column FROM TestTable")) {

$row = $result->fetch_row()) {
printf("Id: %d.\n", $row[0]);
/* Free result */

/* Drop table TestTable */
$mysqli->query("DROP TABLE TestTable");


This will output:
Id: 1.
Id: 5.
jd at dilltree dot com
13 years ago
Something to consider when using transact is that you should not perform a normal query on the same table (such as a DELETE) immediately after a transaction.  If the transaction rolls-back, the DELETE will execute and even show affected rows, but the row can be magically re-inserted even if the rollback() command comes before the DELETE query.
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