(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

imagefilltoborderЗаливка цветом


imagefilltoborder ( resource $image , int $x , int $y , int $border , int $color ) : bool

imagefilltoborder() производит заливку области, ограниченной цветом border. Начальная координата x, y (левый верхний угол имеет координаты 0, 0), а область закрашивается цветом color.

Список параметров


Ресурс изображения, возвращаемый одной из функций создания изображений, например, такой как imagecreatetruecolor().


x-координата начала.


y-координата начала.


Цвет границы заливки. Идентификатор цвета, созданный функцией imagecolorallocate().


Цвет заливки. Идентификатор цвета, созданный функцией imagecolorallocate().

Возвращаемые значения

Возвращает true в случае успешного завершения или false в случае возникновения ошибки.


Пример #1 Закрашивание эллипса

// создание изображения, установка белого фона
$im imagecreatetruecolor(100100);

// рисование эллипса закрашенного черным цветом

// установка цвета границы заливки
$border imagecolorallocate($im000);
$fill imagecolorallocate($im25500);

// заливка области

// вывод и освобождение памяти
header('Content-type: image/png');

Результатом выполнения данного примера будет что-то подобное:

Вывод примера: Закрашивание эллипса


Алгоритм не запоминает явно, какие пиксели уже были установлены, а скорее делает вывод по цвету пикселя, поэтому он не может отличить только что установленные пиксели от пикселей, которые уже есть. Это означает, что выбор любого цвета заливки, который уже используется в изображении, может привести к нежелательным результатам.

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

edrad at wanadoo dot fr
17 years ago
Very useful to build a pseudo-sphere with a color gradient...

= 300;
$center = $width / 2;
$colordivs = 255 / $center;
$im = @imagecreate($width, $width);
$back_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 20, 30, 40);
imagefill($im, 0, 0, $back_color);
for (
$i = 0; $i <= $center; $i++)
$diametre = $width - 2 * $i;
$el_color = imagecolorallocate($im, $i * $colordivs, 0, 0);
imagearc($im, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, 0, 360, $el_color);
imagefilltoborder($im, $center, $center, $el_color, $el_color);

Dark Skull Software
admin at worldlanguages dot tk
16 years ago
In the example below, for those with newer GD versions, it makes more sense to replace:

imagearc($im, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, 0, 360, $el_color);


imageellipse($im, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, $el_color);

This is obviously simpler.
Henrik Nyh
15 years ago
Reply to pritm (.a.t.) mail (.d.0.t.) ru below.

I had a similar problem and solved it thus:

I had to reduce the number of colors on the image I was using. It appeared to be a black and white map, but contained about 50 shades of almost black and almost white. I reduced this to two colors only (also going from JPG to GIF) so that the borders as well as the areas to be filled each were of a consistent shade.

Additionally, it did not work when I specified border colors as black (0,0,0), even though they seem to be of this exact shade in the map file. Instead, I used ImageColorAt() to pick the border color, and now everything seems to work.

In action:



= "europe.gif";

$img = ImageCreateFromGIF($map);

// Colors
$border = ImageColorAt ($img, 416, 111);  // Get color of borders - apparently (0,0,0) won't work
$red = ImageColorAllocate($img, 255, 0, 0);
$green = ImageColorAllocate($img, 0, 255, 0);

// Fill
ImageFillToBorder($img, 440, 100, $border, $red);  // Sweden
ImageFillToBorder($img, 250, 290, $border, $green);  // Great Britain

// Output image as PNG
header("Content-type: image/png");
ImageDestroy($img);  // Free memoryu

php at corzoogle dot com
15 years ago
pritm (.a.t.) mail (.d.0.t.) ru, your jpg black areas aren't entirely black, look *real* closely at it! so the fill will "seep through". the solution is simple, use a lossless background image format. replace this line..

$im = imagecreatefrompng ('map-back.png');

try it with this version of your image..
(the colours may be slightly different, just a quick conversion in my regular image viewer)

as you can see, it works perfectly..

sbuchanan at datadiver dot net
15 years ago
edrad's pseudo-sphere is pretty nice, but a few tweeks really improve it.  (writing out the image header so a browser actually understands it and calling imagedestroy() so we clean up memory are nice things to do, too).  Try drawing it at twice the size and then resampling it down.  Takes more CPU, but it forces antialiasing, creating a smooth arc.  Also, render it at diameter = (width - 1) * 2.  Taking one pixel off the outside keeps it off the image edge, eliminating those ugly flat spots.  Render it on white first so you can really see the edge, then switch back to the cool grey...

Oh, and use imagecreatetruecolor instead of imagecreate if you have it available.

I agree that imageellipse is easier, though.  Actually, I generate rounded corners with drop-shadows for CSS with imagefilledarc (kind of a blend of the two)  Use imagefilledellipse if drawing the whole thing, use imagefilledarc if only drawing part of it (like a corner).  If you use the 'filled' functions you can skip imagefilltoborder altogether :P

Anyway, try this for a smoother image:


= 300;
$render_width = ($requested_width * 2) - 1; // -1 to back away from edge, removing flat spot
$center = $render_width / 2
$colordivs = 255 / $center;
$im_scratch = @imagecreate($render_width, $render_width);

//$back_color = imagecolorallocate($im_scratch, 20, 30, 40);  // try it with white so you can really see the edge first..
$back_color = imagecolorallocate($im_scratch, 255, 255, 255);

imagefill($im_scratch, 0, 0, $back_color);

  for (
$i = 0; $i <= $center; $i++) {
$diametre = $render_width - 2 * $i;
$el_color = imagecolorallocate($im_scratch, $i * $colordivs, 0, 0);
imageellipse($im_scratch, $center, $center, $diametre, $diametre, $el_color);
imagefilltoborder($im_scratch, $center, $center, $el_color, $el_color);

// resample down, causes antialiasing, nice smooth curve!
$im = @imagecreatetruecolor($requested_width, $requested_width);
imagecopyresampled($im, $im_scratch, 0, 0, 0, 0, $requested_width, $requested_width, $render_width, $render_width);

header ("Content-type: image/png");

ecofarm at mullum dot com dot au
20 years ago
Great for getting that rounded button look we see a lot of at ... try this sample. (remember to change png to whatever image format your version of php supports)


("Content-type: image/png");

///// create canvas  /////

$im = ImageCreate (80, 25);

//define colors.. first color declared is set as background

$blue  = ImageColorAllocate ($im, 0, 0, 255);
$white  = ImageColorAllocate ($im, 255, 255, 255);

// draw semi-circle arcs at each end

ImageArc($im, 12, 12, 23, 26, 90, 270, $white);
ImageArc($im, 67, 12, 23, 26, 270, 90, $white);

// fill ends outside arcs with color

ImageFillToBorder ($im, 0, 0, $white, $white);
ImageFillToBorder ($im, 79, 0, $white, $white);

// create the image

ImagePng ($im);

// destroy the image to free memory

ImageDestroy ($im);
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