Many users give up with handilng problem when openssl command line tool cant decrypt php openssl encrypted file which is encrypted with openssl_encrypt function.
For example how beginner is encrypting data:
$string = 'It works ? Or not it works ?';
$pass = '1234';
$method = 'aes128';
file_put_contents ('./file.encrypted', openssl_encrypt ($string, $method, $pass));
And then how beginner is trying to decrypt data from command line:
# openssl enc -aes-128-cbc -d -in file.encrypted -pass pass:123
Or even if he/she determinates that openssl_encrypt output was base64 and tries:
# openssl enc -aes-128-cbc -d -in file.encrypted -base64 -pass pass:123
Or even if he determinates that base64 encoded file is represented in one line and tries:
# openssl enc -aes-128-cbc -d -in file.encrypted -base64 -A -pass pass:123
Or even if he determinates that IV is needed and adds some string iv as encryption function`s fourth parameter and than adds hex representation of iv as parameter in openssl command line :
# openssl enc -aes-128-cbc -d -in file.encrypted -base64 -pass pass:123 -iv -iv 31323334353637383132333435363738
Or even if he determinates that aes-128 password must be 128 bits there fore 16 bytes and sets $pass = '1234567812345678' and tries:
# openssl enc -aes-128-cbc -d -in file.encrypted -base64 -pass pass:1234567812345678 -iv -iv 31323334353637383132333435363738
All these troubles will have no result in any case.
BECAUSE THE PASSWORD PARAMETER DOCUMENTED HERE IS NOT THE PASSWORD.
It means that the password parameter of the function is not the same string used as [-pass pass:] parameter with openssl cmd tool for file encryption decryption.
IT IS THE KEY !
And now how to correctly encrypt data with php openssl_encrypt and how to correctly decrypt it from openssl command line tool.
foreach (str_split($x) as $c) $s.=sprintf("%02X",ord($c));
$source = 'It works !';
$iv = "1234567812345678";
$pass = '1234567812345678';
$method = 'aes-128-cbc';
echo "\niv in hex to use: ".strtohex ($iv);
echo "\nkey in hex to use: ".strtohex ($pass);
file_put_contents ('./file.encrypted',openssl_encrypt ($source, $method, $pass, true, $iv));
$exec = "openssl enc -".$method." -d -in file.encrypted -nosalt -nopad -K ".strtohex($pass)." -iv ".strtohex($iv);
echo 'executing: '.$exec."\n\n";
echo exec ($exec);
IV and Key parameteres passed to openssl command line must be in hex representation of string.
The correct command for decrypting is:
# openssl enc -aes-128-cbc -d -in file.encrypted -nosalt -nopad -K 31323334353637383132333435363738 -iv 31323334353637383132333435363738
As it has no salt has no padding and by setting functions third parameter we have no more base64 encoded file to decode. The command will echo that it works...