PHP 5.6.0RC3 is available

is_file

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

is_fileTells whether the filename is a regular file

Descrierea

bool is_file ( string $filename )

Tells whether the given file is a regular file.

Parametri

filename

Path to the file.

Valorile întoarse

Returns TRUE if the filename exists and is a regular file, FALSE otherwise.

Notă: Deoarece tipul întreg al PHP este cu semn și multe platforme utilizează întregi de 32 de biți, unele funcții ale sistemului de fișiere pot întoarce rezultate neașteptate pentru fișiere ce depășesc 2GB.

Exemple

Example #1 is_file() example

<?php
var_dump
(is_file('a_file.txt')) . "\n";
var_dump(is_file('/usr/bin/')) . "\n";
?>

Exemplul de mai sus va afișa:

bool(true)
bool(false)

Erori/Excepții

În cazul eșecului este emis un E_WARNING.

Note

Notă: Rezultatele acestei funcții sunt stocate în cache. Accesați clearstatcache() pentru mai multe detalii.

Sfat

Începând cu PHP 5.0.0 această funcție poate fi utilizată de asemenea cu unele învelișuri URL. Referiți-vă la Supported Protocols and Wrappers pentru a determina care învelișuri susțin familia de funcționalitate stat().

Vedeți de asemenea

  • is_dir() - Tells whether the filename is a directory
  • is_link() - Tells whether the filename is a symbolic link

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 21 notes

up
18
Anonymous
2 years ago
Note that is_file() returns false if the parent directory doesn't have +x set for you; this make sense, but other functions such as readdir() don't seem to have this limitation. The end result is that you can loop through a directory's files but is_file() will always fail.
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3
andreas dot stagl at fits dot at
12 years ago
if you're running apache as a service on a win32 machine, an you try to determinate if a file on an other pc in your network exists - ex.: is_file('//servername/share/dir1/dir2/file.txt') - you may return false when you're running the service as LocalSystem. To avoid this, you have to start the Apache-Service as a 'registered' domain user.
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4
Kevin Gregull
5 years ago
This Function deletes everything in a defined Folder:
Works with PHP 4 and 5.

<?php
 
function deletefolder($path)
  {
    if (
$handle=opendir($path))
    {
      while (
false!==($file=readdir($handle)))
      {
        if (
$file<>"." AND $file<>"..")
        {
          if (
is_file($path.'/'.$file))
          {
            @
unlink($path.'/'.$file);
          }
          if (
is_dir($path.'/'.$file))
          {
           
deletefolder($path.'/'.$file);
            @
rmdir($path.'/'.$file);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
?>
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2
ludvig dot ericson at gmail dot com
9 years ago
I tend to use alot of includes, and I found that the is_file is based on the script executed, not ran.
if you request /foo.php and foo.php looks like this:
<?php
include('foobar/bar.php');
?>
and bar.php looks like this:
<?php
echo (is_file('foo/bar.txt'));
?>

Then PHP (on win32, php 5.x) would look for /foo/bar.txt and not /foobar/foo/bar.txt.
you would have to rewrite the is_file statement for that, or change working directory.
Noting this since I sat with the problem for some time,

cheers, Toxik.
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1
Jonathan Shaltz
8 years ago
Maybe this is a newbie mistake, but note that paths are relative to the filesystem and the location of the script.  This means that MS IIS virtual directories are not available by relative path - use an absolute.
This threw me because virtual directories ARE available for URLs, at least on IIS.
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1
ca dot redwood at gmail dot com
5 years ago
this is a simple way to find specific files instead of using is_file().
this example is made for mac standards, but easily changed for pc.

<?php
function isfile($file){
    return
preg_match('/^[^.^:^?^\-][^:^?]*\.(?i)' . getexts() . '$/',$file);
   
//first character cannot be . : ? - subsequent characters can't be a : ?
    //then a . character and must end with one of your extentions
    //getexts() can be replaced with your extentions pattern
}

function
getexts(){
   
//list acceptable file extensions here
   
return '(app|avi|doc|docx|exe|ico|mid|midi|mov|mp3|
                 mpg|mpeg|pdf|psd|qt|ra|ram|rm|rtf|txt|wav|word|xls)'
;
}

echo
isfile('/Users/YourUserName/Sites/index.html');
?>
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2
sy well-known-sign damla.net
6 years ago
In 32 bit environments, these functions including is_file(), stat() filesize() will not work due to PHPs default integer being signed. So anything above ~2.1 billion bytes you actually get a negative value.

This is actually a bug but I dont think there is an easy workaround. Try to switch to 64 bit.
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1
sarken at free dot fr
11 months ago
I see, is_file not work properly on specifical file in /dev (linux)
look :

root@boofh:/data# php -r "var_dump(is_file('/dev/core'));"
bool(true)
root@boofh:/data# php -r "var_dump(is_file('/proc/kcore'));"
bool(true)

root@boofh:/data# ls -alh /proc/kcore
-r-------- 1 root root 128T Aug 13 18:39 /proc/kcore

OR FIND do not detect regular file.
root@boofh:/data# find /dev/ -type f
root@boofh:/data#

// version of php :
root@boofh:/data# php -v
PHP 5.4.4-14+deb7u3 (cli) (built: Jul 17 2013 14:54:08)
Copyright (c) 1997-2012 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2012 Zend Technologies
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1
rigrace at swbell dot net
5 years ago
It took me a day or so to figure out that is_file() actually looks for a valid $ existing path/file in string form. It is not performing a pattern-like test on the parameter given. Its testing to see if the given parameter leads to a specific  existing 'name.ext' or other (non-directory) file type object.
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1
gizmo at gizmo dot sk
6 years ago
here is a workaround for the file size limit. uses bash file testing operator, so it may be changed to test directories etc.  (see http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/fto.html for possible test operators)

<?php
function is_file_lfs($path){
   
exec('[ -f "'.$path.'" ]', $tmp, $ret);
    return
$ret == 0;
}
?>
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1
cristian dot ban at neobytesolutions com
7 years ago
regarding note from rehfeld dot us :

In my experience the best( and easiest ) way to find the extension of a file is :

<?php

// use this when you are sure it actually has an extension.
$extension = end(explode(".", $file_name));

?>

or

<?php

// this one will also check if it actually has an extension
$parts = explode(".", $file_name);
if (
is_array($parts) && count($parts) > 1)
   
$extension = end($parts);

?>
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0
david at bruchmann-web dot de
1 year ago
Today I got the in the comments already described behaviour that between directory and file can't be distinguished by is_file() or is_dir().
A dirty and incomplete hack is below, incomplete because it never includes links and I never tested what happens when a directory is not allowed to be read.

$items = scandir($dir);
foreach ($items as $item){
    if ($item!='.' && $item!='..'){
        $deep = @scandir($dir.'/'.$item);
        echo ($deep ? '[DIR] ':'[FILE] '.$item.nl2br(PHP_EOL);
    }
}
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0
Anonymous
3 years ago
is_file doesn't recognize files whose filenames contain strange characters like czech ů or russian characters in general.

I've seen many scripts that take it for granted that a path is a directory when it fails is_file($path). When trying to determine whether a path links to a file or a dir, you should always use is_dir after getting false from is_file($path). For cases like described above, both will fail.
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1
quietust at ircN dot org
12 years ago
In PHP 4.1.0 under win32, this seems to print out a warning message if the file does not exist (using error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE).
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0
tatarynowicz at gmail dot com
7 years ago
An easy way not to have to choose between hard-coding full paths and using relative paths is either via this line:

<?php
// in the bootstrap file
define('DIR_ROOT', dirname(__FILE__));
// in other files, prefix paths with the constant
require(DIR_ROOT . '/relative/to/bootstrap.php');
?>

or if you have to use a relative path:

<?php
require(dirname(__FILE__) . '/relative/to/this_file.php');
?>

This way all your paths will be absolute, yet you can move the application anywhere in the filesystem.

BTW, each successive call to dirname takes you one step up in the directory tree.

<?php
echo __FILE__;
// /www/site.com/public/index.php
echo dirname(__FILE__);
// /www/site.com/public
echo dirname(dirname(__FILE__));
// /www/site.com
?>
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0
bill fumerola
8 years ago
be careful, is_file() fails on files larger than your integer storage (2^32 for most).

Warning: is_file(): Stat failed for bigfile (errno=75 - Value too large for defined data type)
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-1
Anonymous
4 months ago
Please be aware wildcards do not work as one might expect.

<?php
$file
= '*.*';

if (
is_file($file) ) {
  echo(
$file . ' is a regular file' );
} else {
  echo(
$file . ' is not a regular file' );
}
?>

The above snippet suggests that *.* is a regular file. It does not sound regular to me. I would expect is_file() to return FALSE.
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0
Anonymous
9 years ago
### Symbolic links are resolved ###

If you pass a symlink (unix symbolic link) as parameter, is_file will resolve the symlink and will give information about the refered file. For example:

  touch file
  ln -s file link
  echo '<? if (is_file("link")) echo "y\n"; ?>' | php -q

will print "y".

is_dir resolves symlinks too.
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0
rehfeld.us
9 years ago
regarding rlh at d8acom dot com method,

It is incorrect. Well, it works but you are not guaranteed the file extension using that method.

for example :   filename.inc.php

your method will tell you the ext is "inc", but it is in fact "php"

heres a way that will work properly.

<?php

$dh
= opendir($dir);

while (
false !== ($document = readdir($dh))) {
   
$pos = strrpos($document, '.');
    if (
false !== $pos && strlen($document) > $pos + 1) {
       
$ext = substr($document, $pos + 1);
    }
}

?>
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0
rlh at d8acom dot com
11 years ago
I do a lot of file parsing and have found the following technique extremely useful:

while (false !== ($document = readdir($my_dir)))
{
    $ext=explode('.',$document);
    if($document != '.' && $document != '..' && $ext[1])
    {
                       'Do something to file...'
              }
}

It gets around the fact that, when working on website pages, the html files are read as directories when downloaded. It also allows you to extend the usefulness of the above method by adding the ability to determine file types e.g.

if($document != '.' && $document != '..' && $ext[1]=='htm')
or
if($document != '.' && $document != '..' && $ext[1]=='doc')
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-1
don dot duvall at deduvall dot com
4 years ago
I have noticed that using is_file on windows servers (mainly for development) to use a full path c:\ doesn't always work.

I have had to use
C:/foldertowww/site/file.ext

so I preform an str_replace('\\', '/', $path)
Sometimes I have had the \ instead of / work. (this is using apache2 on XP)

but for sure you cannot have mixed separators.
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