PHP 5.4.33 Released

getcwd

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

getcwdGets the current working directory

Descrierea

string getcwd ( void )

Gets the current working directory.

Valorile întoarse

Returns the current working directory on success, or FALSE on failure.

On some Unix variants, getcwd() will return FALSE if any one of the parent directories does not have the readable or search mode set, even if the current directory does. See chmod() for more information on modes and permissions.

Exemple

Example #1 getcwd() example

<?php

// current directory
echo getcwd() . "\n";

chdir('cvs');

// current directory
echo getcwd() . "\n";

?>

Exemplul de mai sus va afișa ceva similar cu:

/home/didou
/home/didou/cvs

Vedeți de asemenea

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 17 notes

up
10
bvidinli at gmail dot com
5 years ago
if you link your php to /bin/linkedphp  and your php is at for ex /home/actual.php

when you run linkedphp in somewhere in your filesystem,
getcwd returns /bin instead of working dir,

solution: use dirname(__FILENAME__) instead
up
7
memandeemail at gmail dot com
8 years ago
Some server's has security options to block the getcwd()

Alternate option:

str_replace($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'],'', $_SERVER['SCRIPT_FILENAME']);
up
8
dave at corecomm dot us
10 years ago
getcwd() returns the path of the "main" script referenced in the URL.

dirname(__FILE__) will return the path of the script currently executing.

I had written a script that required several class definition scripts from the same directory. It retrieved them based on filename matches and used getcwd to figure out where they were.

Didn't work so well when I needed to call that first script from a new file in a different directory.
up
5
ash at ashmckenzie dot org
5 years ago
It appears there is a change in functionality in PHP5 from PHP4 when using the CLI tool.  Here is the example: -

cd /tmp

cat > foo.php << END
<?php
   
print getcwd() . "\n";
?>
END

cd /

php -q /tmp/foo.php

PHP4 returns /tmp
PHP5 returns /

Something to be aware of.
up
5
ab5602 at wayne dot edu
6 years ago
If getcwd() returns nothing for you under Solaris with an NFS mounted subdirectory, you are running into an OS bug that is supposedly fixed in recent versions of Solaris 10.  This same OS bug effects the include() and require() functions as well.
up
6
Anonymous
4 years ago
As you could read in
http://www.php.net/manual/en/features.commandline.differences.php
the CLI SAPI does - contrary to other SAPIs - NOT automatically change the current working directory to the one the started script resides in.

A very simple workaround to regain the behaviour you're used to from your "ordinary" webpage scripting is to include something like that at the beginning of your script:

<?php
  chdir
( dirname ( __FILE__ ) );
?>

But because this is about reading or "finding" pathes, you might appreciate it if I share some more sophisticated tricks I frequently use in CLI scripts ...

<?php
// Note: all pathes stored in subsequent Variables end up with a DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR

// how to store the working directory "from where" the script was called:
$initial_cwd = preg_replace( '~(\w)$~' , '$1' . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR , realpath( getcwd() ) );

// how to switch symlink-free to the folder the current file resides in:
chdir( dirname ( realpath ( __FILE__ ) ) );

// how to store the former folder in a variable:
$my_folder = dirname( realpath( __FILE__ ) ) . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR;

// how to get a path one folder up if $my_folder ends with \class\ or /class/ :
$my_parent_folder = preg_replace( '~[/\\\\]class[/\\\\]$~' , DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR , $my_folder );

// how to get a path one folder up in any case :
$my_parent_folder = preg_replace( '~[/\\\\][^/\\\\]*[/\\\\]$~' , DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR , $my_folder );

// how to make an array of OS-style-pathes from an array of unix-style-pathes
// (handy if you use config-files or so):
foreach( $unix_style_pathes as $unix_style_path )
   
$os_independent_path[] = str_replace( '/' , DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR , $unix_style_path );

?>
up
6
leonbrussels at gmail dot com
6 years ago
This is a function to convert a path which looks something like this:

/home/www/somefolder/../someotherfolder/../

To a proper directory path:

<?php

function simplify_path($path) {

//saves our current working directory to a variable
$oldcwd = getcwd();
//changes the directory to the one to convert
//$path is the directory to convert (clean up), handed over to the //function as a string

chdir($path);
return
gstr_replace('\\', '/', getcwd());

//change the cwd back to the old value to not interfere with the script
chdir($oldcwd);

}

This function is really useful if you want to compare two filepaths which are not necesarily in a "cleaned up" state. It works in *NIX and WINDOWS alike

?>
up
5
Wolfgang M. Pauli
6 years ago
If you try to use getcwd() in a directory that is a symbolic link, getcwd() gives you the target of that link (similarly when parent etc. is symbolic link). There might be a better solution, but this worked for me (linux):
<? php
$cwd
= exec('pwd');
?>
up
5
znupi69NOSPAMHERE at gmail dot com
6 years ago
In response to myself: that function will not work for cases like:
/usr/bin$: /home/johndoe/Work/script.php
So here's a better and simpler way (I think this one works for all cases)
<?php
function get_file_dir() {
    global
$argv;
    return
realpath($argv[0]);
}
?>
Knock yourself out :)
up
4
znupi69NOSPAMHERE at gmail dot com
6 years ago
When running PHP on the command line, if you want to include another file which is in the same directory as the main script, doing just
<?php
include './otherfile.php';
?>
might not work, if you run your script like this:
/$ /path/to/script.php
because the current working dir will be set to '/', and the file '/otherfile.php' does not exist, because it is in '/path/to/otherfile.php'.
So, to get the directory in which the script resides, you can use this function:
<?php
function get_file_dir() {
    global
$argv;
   
$dir = dirname(getcwd() . '/' . $argv[0]);
   
$curDir = getcwd();
   
chdir($dir);
   
$dir = getcwd();
   
chdir($curDir);
    return
$dir;
}
?>
So you can use it like this:
<?php
include get_file_dir() . '/otherfile.php';
// or even..
chdir(get_file_dir());
include
'./otherfile.php';
?>
Spent some time thinking this one out, maybe it helps someone :)
up
4
troy dot cregger at gmail dot com
7 years ago
Take care if you use getcwd() in file that you'll need to include (using include, require, or *_once) in a script located outside of the same directory tree.

example:
<?php
//in /var/www/main_document_root/include/MySQL.inc.php
if (strpos(getcwd(),'main_')>0) {
 
//code to set up main DB connection
}
?>

<?php
//in home/cron_user/maintenance_scripts/some_maintenance_script.php
require_once ('/var/www/main_document_root/include/MySQL.inc.php');
?>

In the above example, the database connection will not be made because the call to getcwd() returns the path relative to the calling script ( /home/cron_user/maintenance_scripts ) NOT relative to the file where the getcwd() function is called.
up
2
mark dot phpnetspam at mhudson dot net
7 years ago
This function is often used in conjuction with basename(), i.e.
http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.basename.php
up
2
emailfire at gmail dot com
8 years ago
To get the username of the account:

<?php
$dir
= getcwd();
$part = explode('/', $dir);
$username = $part[1];
?>

If current directory is '/home/mike/public_html/' it would return mike.
up
1
hodgman at ali dot com dot au
8 years ago
I use this code to replicate the pushd and popd DOS commands in PHP:

<?php
$g_DirStack
= array();
function
pushd( $dir )
{
    global
$g_DirStack;
   
array_push( $g_DirStack, getcwd() );
   
chdir( $dir );
}
function
popd( )
{
    global
$g_DirStack;
   
$dir = array_pop( $g_DirStack );
   
assert( $dir !== null );
   
chdir( $dir );
}
?>

This allows you to change the current directory with pushd, then use popd to "undo" the directory change when you're done.
up
1
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
9 years ago
"On some Unix variants, getcwd() will return FALSE if any one of the parent directories does not have the readable or search mode set, even if the current directory does."

Just so you know, MacOS X is one of these variants (at least 10.4 is for me). You can make it work by applying 'chmod a+rx' to all folders from your site folder upwards.
up
1
vermicin at antispam dot gmail dot com
9 years ago
If your PHP cli binary is built as a cgi binary (check with php_sapi_name), the cwd functions differently than you might expect.

say you have a script /usr/local/bin/purge
you are in /home/username

php CLI: getcwd() gives you /home/username
php CGI: getcwd() gives you /usr/local/bin

This can trip you up if you're writing command line scripts with php. You can override the CGI behavior by adding -C to the php call:

#!/usr/local/bin/php -Cq

and then getcwd() behaves as it does in the CLI-compiled version.
up
1
manux at manux dot org
10 years ago
watch out:
working directory, and thus:
getcwd ()
is "/" while being into a register'ed shutdown function!!!
To Top