Classes Predefinidas

Esta seção lista classes predefinidas padrão. Extensões diversas definem outras classes que são descritas em suas referências.

Classes Definidas Padrão

Estas classes são definidas dentro do conjunto padrão de funções incluídas na compilação do PHP.

Directory
Criada pela função dir().
stdClass
Criada quando é feita coerção de tipo para objeto.
__PHP_Incomplete_Class
Possivelmente criada pela função unserialize().

Classes Predefinidas a partir do PHP 5

Estas classes predefinidas adicionais foram introduzidas no PHP 5.0.0.

Exception
ErrorException
Disponível a partir do PHP 5.1.0.
php_user_filter

Closure

A classe final predefinida Closure foi introduzida no PHP 5.3.0. É usada para representar funções anônimas.

Para mais informações, veja a página desta classe.

Generator

A classe final predefinida Generator foi introduzida no PHP 5.5.0. É usada para representar generators.

Para maiores informações, veja a página desta classe.

Interfaces e classes predefinidas a partir do PHP 7

Estas interfaces e classes predefinidas adicionais foram introduzidas no PHP 7.0.0.

ArithmeticError
AssertionError
DivisionByZeroError
Error
Throwable
ParseError
TypeError

Classes especiais

Os seguintes identificadores não podem ser usados como nome de classe pois eles têm um propósito especial.

self
Classe atual.
static
Classe atual em tempo de execução.
parent
Classe pai.
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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
16
spark at limao dot com dot br
6 years ago
if you want a Dynamic class you can extend from, add atributes AND methods on the fly you can use this:
<?php
   
class Dynamic extends stdClass{
        public function
__call($key,$params){
            if(!isset(
$this->{$key})) throw new Exception("Call to undefined method ".get_class($this)."::".$key."()");
           
$subject = $this->{$key};
           
call_user_func_array($subject,$params);
        }
    }
?>

this will accept both arrays, strings and Closures:
<?php
    $dynamic
->myMethod = "thatFunction";
   
$dynamic->hisMethod = array($instance,"aMethod");
   
$dynamic->newMethod = array(SomeClass,"staticMethod");
   
$dynamic->anotherMethod = function(){
        echo
"Hey there";
    };
?>

then call them away =D
up
8
wyattstorch42 at outlook dot com
3 years ago
If you call var_export() on an instance of stdClass, it attempts to export it using ::__set_state(), which, for some reason, is not implemented in stdClass.

However, casting an associative array to an object usually produces the same effect (at least, it does in my case). So I wrote an improved_var_export() function to convert instances of stdClass to (object) array () calls. If you choose to export objects of any other class, I'd advise you to implement ::__set_state().

<?php
/**
* An implementation of var_export() that is compatible with instances
* of stdClass.
* @param mixed $variable The variable you want to export
* @param bool $return If used and set to true, improved_var_export()
*     will return the variable representation instead of outputting it.
* @return mixed|null Returns the variable representation when the
*     return parameter is used and evaluates to TRUE. Otherwise, this
*     function will return NULL.
*/
function improved_var_export ($variable, $return = false) {
    if (
$variable instanceof stdClass) {
       
$result = '(object) '.improved_var_export(get_object_vars($variable), true);
    } else if (
is_array($variable)) {
       
$array = array ();
        foreach (
$variable as $key => $value) {
           
$array[] = var_export($key, true).' => '.improved_var_export($value, true);
        }
       
$result = 'array ('.implode(', ', $array).')';
    } else {
       
$result = var_export($variable, true);
    }

    if (!
$return) {
        print
$result;
        return
null;
    } else {
        return
$result;
    }
}

// Example usage:
$obj = new stdClass;
$obj->test = 'abc';
$obj->other = 6.2;
$obj->arr = array (1, 2, 3);

improved_var_export((object) array (
   
'prop1' => true,
   
'prop2' => $obj,
   
'assocArray' => array (
       
'apple' => 'good',
       
'orange' => 'great'
   
)
));

/* Output:
(object) array ('prop1' => true, 'prop2' => (object) array ('test' => 'abc', 'other' => 6.2, 'arr' => array (0 => 1, 1 => 2, 2 => 3)), 'assocArray' => array ('apple' => 'good', 'orange' => 'great'))
*/
?>

Note: This function spits out a single line of code, which is useful to save in a cache file to include/eval. It isn't formatted for readability. If you want to print a readable version for debugging purposes, then I would suggest print_r() or var_dump().
up
2
Ashley Dambra
3 years ago
Here a simple class that allow to set anonymous function. It's an optimised class of stdClass.

<?php
class stdObject {
    public function
__construct(array $arguments = array()) {
        if (!empty(
$arguments)) {
            foreach (
$arguments as $property => $argument) {
                if (
$argument instanceOf Closure) {
                   
$this->{$property} = $argument;
                } else {
                   
$this->{$property} = $argument;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public function
__call($method, $arguments) {
        if (isset(
$this->{$method}) && is_callable($this->{$method})) {
            return
call_user_func_array($this->{$method}, $arguments);
        } else {
            throw new
Exception("Fatal error: Call to undefined method stdObject::{$method}()");
        }
    }
}

$person = new stdObject(array(
   
"name" => "nick",
   
"age" => 23,
   
"friends" => array("frank", "sally", "aaron"),
   
"sayHi" => function() {
        return
"Hello there";
    }
));

$person->sayHi2 = function() {
    return
"Hello there 2";
};

$person->test = function() {
    return
"test";
};

var_dump($person->name, $person->test(), $person->sayHi2());
?>
up
0
xzero at elite7hackers dot net
16 days ago
There comes improved version of amazing snippet posted by (spark at limao dot com dot br)  which allows dynamic methods generations and works as versatile extension of StdClass:

This one is faster, optimised for closures, and will work only with closures. Compatible: >= PHP 5.6
<?php

class Dynamic extends \stdClass
{
    public function
__call($key, $params)
    {
        if ( ! isset(
$this->{$key})) {
            throw new
Exception("Call to undefined method " . __CLASS__ . "::" . $key . "()");
        }

        return
$this->{$key}->__invoke(... $params);
    }
}

?>

Usage examples:

<?php
$dynamic               
= new Dynamic();
$dynamic->anotherMethod = function () {
    echo
"Hey there";
};
$dynamic->randomInt     = function ($min, $max) {
    return
mt_rand($min, $max); // random_int($min, $max); // <-- PHP7+
};

var_dump(
   
$dynamic->randomInt(1, 11),
   
$dynamic->anotherMethod()
);
?>

This will accept arrays, strings and Closures but is a bit slower due to call_user_func_array
<?php

class Dynamic extends \stdClass
{
    public function
__call($key, $params)
    {
        if ( ! isset(
$this->{$key})) {
            throw new
Exception("Call to undefined method " . __CLASS__ . "::" . $key . "()");
        }

        return
call_user_func_array($this->{$key}, $params);
    }
}

?>

Usage examples:
<?php
$dynamic               
= new Dynamic();
$dynamic->myMethod      = "thatFunction";
$dynamic->hisMethod     = array($dynamic, "randomInt");
$dynamic->newMethod     = array(SomeClass, "staticMethod");
$dynamic->anotherMethod = function () {
    echo
"Hey there";
};
$dynamic->randomInt     = function ($min, $max) {
    return
mt_rand($min, $max); // random_int($min, $max); // <-- PHP7+
};

var_dump(
   
$dynamic->randomInt(1, 11),
   
$dynamic->anotherMethod(),
   
$dynamic->hisMethod()
);

?>
up
0
xzero at elite7hackers dot net
16 days ago
There comes improved version of amazing snippet posted by which allows dynamic methods generations and works as versatile extension of StdClass:

This one is faster, optimised for closures, and will work only with closures. Compatible: >= PHP 5.6
<?php

class Dynamic extends \stdClass
{
    public function
__call($key, $params)
    {
        if ( ! isset(
$this->{$key})) {
            throw new
Exception("Call to undefined method " . __CLASS__ . "::" . $key . "()");
        }

        return
$this->{$key}->__invoke(... $params);
    }
}

?>

Usage examples:

<?php
$dynamic               
= new Dynamic();
$dynamic->anotherMethod = function () {
    echo
"Hey there";
};
$dynamic->randomInt     = function ($min, $max) {
    return
mt_rand($min, $max); // random_int($min, $max); // <-- PHP7+
};

var_dump(
   
$dynamic->randomInt(1, 11),
   
$dynamic->anotherMethod()
);
?>

This will accept arrays, strings and Closures but is a bit slower due to call_user_func_array
<?php

class Dynamic extends \stdClass
{
    public function
__call($key, $params)
    {
        if ( ! isset(
$this->{$key})) {
            throw new
Exception("Call to undefined method " . __CLASS__ . "::" . $key . "()");
        }

        return
call_user_func_array($this->{$key}, $params);
    }
}

?>

Usage examples:
<?php
$dynamic               
= new Dynamic();
$dynamic->myMethod      = "thatFunction";
$dynamic->hisMethod     = array($dynamic, "randomInt");
$dynamic->newMethod     = array(SomeClass, "staticMethod");
$dynamic->anotherMethod = function () {
    echo
"Hey there";
};
$dynamic->randomInt     = function ($min, $max) {
    return
mt_rand($min, $max); // random_int($min, $max); // <-- PHP7+
};

var_dump(
   
$dynamic->randomInt(1, 11),
   
$dynamic->anotherMethod(),
   
$dynamic->hisMethod()
);

?>
up
0
Typer85 at gmail dot com
10 years ago
In response to the note below mine,

This list is not incomplete. Read the Manual folks, its listed there plain and simple:

"This section lists standard predefined classes. Miscellaneous extensions define other classes which are described in their reference."

Depending on what extensions you have, they might define their own classes. This list is just the standard classes as defined by PHP with no regards to extensions.
up
-1
unknown
15 years ago
It's handy to have a array of the reserved classes.....
var_dump (get_declared_classes ());
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