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Apache 2.0 em sistemas Unix

Essa seção contém notas e dicas específicas para a instalação do Apache 2.0 com o PHP em sistemas Unix.

Aviso

We do not recommend using a threaded MPM in production with Apache 2. Use the prefork MPM, which is the default MPM with Apache 2.0 and 2.2. For information on why, read the related FAQ entry on using Apache2 with a threaded MPM

Recomendamos a » Documentação do Apache para obter um entendimento básico do servidor Apache 2.0.

Nota: Notas de compatibilidade do PHP e Apache 2.0.x

As seguintes versões do PHP são compatíveis com a versão mais recente do Apache 2.0.x:

Essas versões do PHP são compatíveis com Apache 2.0.40 ou superior.

Suporte a SAPI do Apache 2.0 começou no PHP 4.2.0. PHP 4.2.3 funciona com Apache 2.0.39, não use qualquer outra versão de Apache com PHP 4.2.3. No entando, a configuração recomendada é usar o 4.3.0 ou superior com a versão mais recente do Apache2.

Todas as versões mencionadas do PHP ainda funcionarão com Apache 1.3.x.

Baixe a versão mais recente do »  Apache 2.0 e uma versão adequada do PHP dos lugares mencionados acima. Esse guia rápido cobre apenas o básico para para começar a usar o Apache 2.0 e o PHP. Para mais informação, leia a » Documentação do Apache Os número de versão foram omitidos para assegurar que as instruções não estejam incorretas. Você precisará substituir o 'NN' com os valores corretos dos seus arquivos.

Exemplo #1 Instruções de Instalação (Versão de Módulo Compartilhado do Apache 2)

1.  gzip -d httpd-2_0_NN.tar.gz
2.  tar xvf httpd-2_0_NN.tar
3.  gunzip php-NN.tar.gz
4.  tar -xvf php-NN.tar
5.  cd httpd-2_0_NN
6.  ./configure --enable-so
7.  make
8.  make install

    Agora você tem o Apache 2.0.NN disponível no diretório /usr/local/apache2,
    configurado com suporte a módulo compartilhado e o prefork MPM padrão.
    Para testar a instalação use o procedimento normal para iniciar
    o servidor Apache, ex.:
    /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start
    e pare o servidor para ir para a configuração do PHP:
    /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl stop.

9.  cd ../php-NN

10. Agora, configure o seu PHP. É aqui que você personaliza seu PHP
    com várias opções, como quais extensões serão habilitadas. Execute o
    comando ./configure --help para uma lista das opções disponíveis. No nosso exemplo
    nós faremos uma simples configuração com Apache 2 e suporte ao MySQL. Seu caminho
    para o arquivo apxs pode ser diferente do exemplo. De fato, o binário pode até ser
    chamado de apxs2 no seu sistema.

      ./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql

11. make
12. make install

    Se você decidir mudar as opções de seu configure depois da instalação
    você precisará somente repetir os últimos 3 passos. Você somente precisará
    reiniciar o Apache para o novo módulo funcionar. Não será necessário recompilar
    o Apache.

    Note que, por padrão, 'make install' também instalará PEAR, além
    de várias ferramentas do PHP como phpize, instalar o CLI do PHP e mais.

13. Configurando seu arquivo php.ini:

    cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini

    Você pode editar o seu arquivo .ini para configurar as opções do PHP.  Se
    você preferir que este arquivo fique em outro lugar, use a opção
    --with-config-file-path=/caminho no passo 10.

    Se ao invés de escolher o arquivo php.ini-dist, você escolher o arquivo php.ini-recommended,
    leia a lista de mudanças dentro do mesmo, uma vez que elas afetam a maneira como o PHP se comporta.

14. Edite o seu arquivo httpd.conf para carregar o módulo do PHP. O caminho no lado direito
    do comando LoadModule deve apontar para para o caminho do módulo PHP no seu sistema.
    O comando make install acima já deve ter adicionado estas linhas, mas tenha certeza
    de que as linhas abaixo foram adicionadas ao arquivo.

    Para o PHP 4:

      LoadModule php4_module libexec/libphp4.so

    Para o PHP 5:

      LoadModule php5_module libexec/libphp5.so

15. Diga ao Apache para avaliar certas extensões como PHP. Por exemplo,
    vamos fazer o Apache interpretar a extensão .php como um script PHP. Você poderia
    ter qualquer extensão(ões) avaliadas como PHP simplesmente adicionando-as, com
    cada uma separada por um espaço. Vamos adicionar .phtml para demonstrar.

      AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

    Também é comum configurar a extensão .phps para mostrar o código-fonte
    do script PHP com highlight, isso pode ser feito com:

      AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

16. Use seu procedimento normal para iniciar o servidor Apache ex.:

      /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start

Seguindo os passos acima você terá rodando o Apache 2.0 com suporte para o PHP como um módulo SAPI. Claro que existem muitas outras opções de configuração disponível para ambos, Apache e o PHP. Para mais informações use o comando ./configure --help na árvore de arquivos fontes correspondente. Caso você desejar compilar uma versão multithreaded do Apache 2.0, você deve sobrescrever o Módulo-MPM padrão prefork ou com o módulo worker ou com o perchild. Para fazer isso, acrescente ao comando configure no passo 6 acima a opção --with-mpm=worker ou --with-mpm=perchild . Tome cuidado com as consequências e entenda o que está fazendo. Para mais informações, leia a documentação do Apache sobre os »  Módulos-MPM.

Nota:

Se você quiser usar negociação de conteúdo, leia o FAQ relacionado à MultiViews.

Nota:

Para compilar uma versão multithreaded do Apache, seu sistema deve suportar threads. Isso também implica compilar o PHP com o Zend Thread Safety (ZTS) experimental. Portanto, nem todas as extensões podem estar disponíveis. A configuração recomendada para compilar o Apache é com o Módulo-MPM prefork padrão.

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User Contributed Notes 15 notes

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frank@ethisoft
8 years ago
Using Apache2 & PHP5 work perfectly fine & safe together.
- all core modules are safe in Zend Engine 2
- third-party-libraries should be avoided
- semaphores and shared memory enables you to ensure yourself that your application/website is thread-safe also with non-thread-safe PHP modules!
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-1
mihai dot sandu at gtstelecom dot ro
9 years ago
For the SuSE9.2 install of PHP5.
First:
If building on a x64 platform, please set LDFLAGS="-L/usr/lib64" before configure.
As for install, it suffices to go to /etc/apache2 and:
ln -s sysconfig.d/loadmodule.conf httpd2-prefork.conf
and then make install
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-1
nmmm at nmmm dot nu
4 years ago
When I upgrade to apache 2.2, this:

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php5
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php42
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php4
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php3
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtm
AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtml
AddType application/x-httpd-php .asp

...does not worked for me, so I did this:

<FilesMatch "\.(php*|phtm|phtml|asp|aspx)$">
SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
</FilesMatch>

Another interesting point with Apache 2.2 is following.
Let suppose we installed PHP as module. But for some directory, we need to use PHP as CGI (probably because of custom configuration). This can be done using:

<FilesMatch "\.(php*|phtm|phtml|asp|aspx)$">
SetHandler none
</FilesMatch>

AddType application/x-httpd-php-custom .php
Action  application/x-httpd-php-custom  /cgi-bin/php-huge

Note type must be different than "application/x-httpd-php" and also you need to deactivate the handler on sertain extention. You can do mixed configuration:

<FilesMatch "\.(php)$">
SetHandler none
</FilesMatch>

AddType application/x-httpd-php-custom .php
Action  application/x-httpd-php-custom  /cgi-bin/php-huge

in such case files like *.php5 and so on will be parsed via module, but *.php will go to php-huge executable.
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-1
Sami Fouad
6 months ago
If you're using Ubuntu, all that's really required is two terminal commands. Please see the Installation notes link on the left for Debian/Ubuntu.
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-1
chris@gerlt -dot- net
7 years ago
Install issues on Redhat, specifically RHEL4 with php4 already installed: 

I discovered that there was an issue caused by redhat loading php4 in another file seperate from the httpd.conf file!  This took me hours to discover.  Make sure you know if the apache config file (httpd.conf) is loading configurations from a directory (or another file(s)) as well.  If so, look in there for any php module loading which could conflict with the new module you are compiling/installing.
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Tom420.Duhamel
5 years ago
I have successfully installed Apache 2.2.11 and PHP 5.2.8 under Red Hat 9.0 on a Pentium 166 with 32 MB of RAM.

While I used RH9, the worst possible case, these notes are probably good for RH-based distributions too (Red Hat Enterprise, Fedora, CentOS...)

If you want to install MySQL, it needs to be installed before PHP because PHP requires some libraries be available.

One think important when picking up a binary distribution of MySQL is to download all four packages: MySQL-server, MySQL-devel, MySQL-client and MySQL-shared. Note: The MySQL was bundled with PHP 4 but is not anymore in PHP 5.

Then you need to install Apache before PHP, because again PHP needs some libraries be available. I installed Apache 2 from source, using the very last version available, which is 2.2.11.

I installed PHP 5.2.8 from source. Here, I had a number of problems, but none which I could not resolve easily, some of them with a little help from different forums I found through Google.

Rembember: When it says you need a package named xyz and you notice there is also one named xyz-devel, grab it.

Most of the packages I got from:
http://legacy.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/
A similar page exists for other versions of Red Hat
and:
http://rpmfind.net/
This site has an updated version of some of the packages. Make sure to use only the one labeled for you version (in my case, Red Hat 9.0) or it will not likely work.

You already have glibc and glibc-common installed, but you need to get glibc-devel and glibc-kernheaders. Make sure to match glibc's version (rpm -q glibc). Note: When it says kernel-header is a required dependency, that's glibc-kernheader (not kernel-source). You will also need binutils (no need to match the version), and gcc and cpp (version must match).

You need zlib-devel (zlib is probably already installed, match the version you have).

If you install the GD extension, the actual library is already bundled with PHP 5 (use that one, they have done some changes in there, so don't upgrade), but you will need to install libpng and libpng-devel (match version, or disable in configure if you don't want) and libjpeg (no -devel with that one).

You will also need libxml2. Now there were a problem, because PHP requires libxml2 be 2.6 or greater, but Red Hat only supplied 2.5.4-1 for RH9 (if you have a more recent distro, you might be more lucky). After looking for a while, I decided to grab the source code for the most recent distribution at the official website (http://xmlsoft.org/) and compiled.

Hope my post is useful to someone. Please, share your experience when compiling/installing for your particular platform and setup. Remember how hard it's been for you the very first time. I confess, my very first server installation took me nearly a week and I was glad others helped me.
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praveen dot k at masconit dot com
9 years ago
Hi too had same problem with multiview like when i execute http://huey/admin/test.php it used to compile but when i use http://huey/admin/test it wouldnt recognise it as php file... i worked it out with the addhandler method and AddType in different line and setting multiview for directive

"multiviews Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews"

the directives u can set it to root directory so now when u type pn test it will search in precendence for test.php, test.html if any .....

its working for me with apache2.0.47 and php 4.3.9 on solaris

praveen
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-1
svepa at milestone42 dot com
2 years ago
On 64-bit Fedora systems (I'm using Fedora 14), configuring PHP to use the MySQL libraries installed as part of the distribution gives the following error if you follow the default instructions in this manual.

Cannot find libmysqlclient under /usr

Modifying he following invocation of configure as follows:

./configure --with-apxs2=/path/to/apxs --with-libdir=lib64 --with-mysql

should work.

Note the addition of --with-libdir=lib64
This points the configure script to look for 64-bit mysqlclient libraries.
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felixcca at yahoo dot ca
8 years ago
I've (painfully) discovered that installing PHP5 with "make install" under SuSe 9.2 is NOT a good idea.
http://www.aditus.nu/jpgraph/apache2suse.php
This page explains how to install it without breaking everything that's php-related in the Apache2 configuration. Its first purpose, though, is to show how to have php 4 and 5 to cohabit properly.
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Dan Scott (dan dot scott at acm dot org)
9 years ago
Building PHP 5.x with Apache2 on SuSE Professional 9.1/9.2

SuSE uses a rather fragmented set of Apache configuration files stored in /etc/apache2/. When you configure PHP 5.x with:

$ ./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/sbin/apxs2
$ make

everything builds just fine; but when you issue:
$ su -c "make install"

the unconventional Apache conf file layout confuses the install-sapi section of the Makefile and the process halts with the following error:

apxs:Error: Config file /etc/apache2/httpd2-prefork.conf not found.
make: *** [install-sapi] Error 1

At this point only the PHP SAPI library has been copied into place; the rest of the files (like PEAR scripts, PHP-CLI, etc) have not been installed. But never fear! You can overcome this problem with the following steps:

1. Edit Makefile and change the following line to remove "install-sapi":
install_targets = install-sapi install-cli install-pear install-build install-headers install-programs

2. Issue the make install command again:
$ su -c "make install"

3. Add the PHP module & type instructions to the Apache configuration. As root, create a new file, /etc/apache2/conf.d/php5.conf that contains the following lines:

LoadModule php5_module /usr/lib/apache2/libphp5.so
AddType application/x-httpd-php php

--- And that's it. Everything else is just as the documentation suggests it should be.
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happyboy at php dot org
8 years ago
FILE TRUNCATED!!

during the make process should u receive an error declaring ext/ctype/ctype.lo (or another file) is truncated then you need to 'make clean' prior to a healthy 'make' and 'make install.'

looking into your ext/ directory you may find the offensive file to be 1 byte long.
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neil
9 years ago
To install mysql and mysqli with PHP5 do the following:

after doing:

./configure --with-mysql=/path/to/mysql_config --with-mysqli=/path/to/mysql_config

do this:

"
    if you want to use both the old mysql and the new mysqli interface, load the Makefile into your editor and search for the line beginning with EXTRA_LIBS; it includes -lmysqlclient twice; remove the second instance
"

then you can:

make
make install

.....
Pleasse note: you must have mysql-dev installed (RPM or source) or you will not have the mysql_config file at all.  The standard, server, and client installations of MySQL do not include it.  I read somewhere that the mysql and mysqli paths must be identical.

Quoted from Michael Kofler at the following link:
http://www.kofler.cc/forum/forumthread.php?rootID=3571
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Anonymous
5 years ago
Solution for fedora is yum install mysql-devel. Then set --with-mysql=/usr/include/mysql/
monguesto
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susie91
7 years ago
for slackware 10.2 users with apache2, mysql5, and trying to install php5:

when following the directions above, after this step:

./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql

i kept getting this error:
"Unable to find MySql header files...."

the only way i could get php5 with mysql support was to compile MySql5 from source, and not use the binary as the mysql site recommends.

then i was able to ./configure successfully, but for some reason php was configured to compile the CGI version.

so, had to use this ./configure line:

./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql  --disable-cgi

alternatively, you could install php4 which does bundle the MySql client files.
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jaya
8 years ago
PHP 5.1.4 INSTALLATION on Solaris 9 (Sparc)

Solaris9 Packages Installed:

Verify required package installation:
root# pkginfo SUNWbtool SUNWsprot SUNWtoo SUNWhea SUNWarc \
SUNWlibm SUNWlibms SUNWdfbh SUNWxglh SUNWcg6h

Uninstall Default Apache Packages:
root# /etc/init.d/apache stop
root# pkginfo |grep Apache
root# pkgrm SUNWaclg SUNWapchd SUNWapchr SUNWapchu

Create installation Directory:
root# mkdir /phpdata/

Download Required Packages from Sunfreeware:

Install libiconv-1.8 and gcc3.3.2 packages
root# pkgadd -d ./libiconv-1.8-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./gcc-3.3.2-sol9-sparc-local

set LD_LIBRARY_PATH, CC and PATH variables
root# LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:/usr/local/lib/sparcv9/:\
/usr/lib:/usr/openwin/lib:/opt/local/lib:/usr/local/ssl/lib:\
/usr/local/apr/lib:/opt/mysql/mysql/lib
root# CC=gcc
root# PATH=$PATH:/usr/ucb:/usr/local/bin/
root# export LD_LIBRARY_PATH CC PATH

Install apr-1.2.2 and aprutil-1.2.2 packages

root# gzcat apr-1.2.2.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd apr-1.2.2
root# ./configure
root# make
root# make install
root# cd ..

root# gzcat aprutil-1.2.2.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd apr-util-1.2.2/
root# ./configure --with-apr=/usr/local/apr/
root# make
root# make install

Install gawk-3.1.4, expat-1.95.5, db-4.2.52.NC,
gdbm-1.8.3, libgcc-3.3 and libxml2-2.6.16 packages
root# cd ..
root# pkgadd -d ./gawk-3.1.4-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./expat-1.95.5-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./db-4.2.52.NC-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./gdbm-1.8.3-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./libgcc-3.3-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./libxml2-2.6.16-sol9-sparc-local

Install GNU make package
root# gzcat make-3.81.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd make-3.81
root# ./configure
root# make
root# make install
root# cd ..

Install mysql-standard-5.0.22 package
Search for user mysql
root# grep mysql /etc/passwd
root# grep mysql /etc/group

If not found create user and group mysql
root# groupadd mysql
root# useradd -G mysql mysql
root# pkgadd -d ./mysql-standard-5.0.22-solaris9-sparc.pkg.gz

Install openssl-0.9.7g package
root# gzcat openssl-0.9.7g.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd openssl-0.9.7g
root# ./config shared
root# make
root# make install
root# cd ..

Install Apache2 package
root# gzcat httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd httpd-2.2.0
root# ./configure --enable-so
root# /usr/local/bin/make
root# /usr/local/bin/make install
root# cd ..

Install php-5.1.4 package
root# gzcat php-5.1.4.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd php-5.1.4
root# ./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs\
--with-ldap --with-mysql=/opt/mysql/mysql/
root# /usr/local/bin/make
root# /usr/local/bin/make install
root# cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini

Edit httpd.conf to load the PHP module
and to parse certain extensions as PHP
root# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

Start Apache
root# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start

Add environmental variables below HTTPD
root# vi /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:/usr/local/lib/sparcv9/:
/usr/lib:/usr/openwin/lib:/opt/local/lib:/usr/local/ssl/lib:
/usr/local/apr/lib:/opt/mysql/mysql/lib
PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/openwin/bin:\
/usr/ucb:/usr/local/bin/
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH PATH

Create Apache Startup Script
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