PHP 5.6.0beta1 released

mb_convert_kana

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5)

mb_convert_kanaConvert "kana" one from another ("zen-kaku", "han-kaku" and more)

Descrição

string mb_convert_kana ( string $str [, string $option = "KV" [, string $encoding = mb_internal_encoding() ]] )

Performs a "han-kaku" - "zen-kaku" conversion for string str. This function is only useful for Japanese.

Parâmetros

str

The string being converted.

option

The conversion option.

Specify with a combination of following options.

Applicable Conversion Options
Option Meaning
r Convert "zen-kaku" alphabets to "han-kaku"
R Convert "han-kaku" alphabets to "zen-kaku"
n Convert "zen-kaku" numbers to "han-kaku"
N Convert "han-kaku" numbers to "zen-kaku"
a Convert "zen-kaku" alphabets and numbers to "han-kaku"
A Convert "han-kaku" alphabets and numbers to "zen-kaku" (Characters included in "a", "A" options are U+0021 - U+007E excluding U+0022, U+0027, U+005C, U+007E)
s Convert "zen-kaku" space to "han-kaku" (U+3000 -> U+0020)
S Convert "han-kaku" space to "zen-kaku" (U+0020 -> U+3000)
k Convert "zen-kaku kata-kana" to "han-kaku kata-kana"
K Convert "han-kaku kata-kana" to "zen-kaku kata-kana"
h Convert "zen-kaku hira-gana" to "han-kaku kata-kana"
H Convert "han-kaku kata-kana" to "zen-kaku hira-gana"
c Convert "zen-kaku kata-kana" to "zen-kaku hira-gana"
C Convert "zen-kaku hira-gana" to "zen-kaku kata-kana"
V Collapse voiced sound notation and convert them into a character. Use with "K","H"

encoding

O parâmetro encoding é a codificação de caractere. Se ele é omitido, o valor da codificação de caractere interna é usado.

Valor Retornado

The converted string.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 mb_convert_kana() example

<?php
/* Convert all "kana" to "zen-kaku" "kata-kana" */
$str mb_convert_kana($str"KVC");

/* Convert "han-kaku" "kata-kana" to "zen-kaku" "kata-kana" 
   and "zen-kaku" alpha-numeric to "han-kaku" */
$str mb_convert_kana($str"KVa");
?>

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
1
jdavide222 at hotmail dot com
1 year ago
to make this function work you have to add following two lines above this function.

mb_language("Ja");
mb_internal_encoding("utf-8");

mb_convert_kana($_POST['something_value'], "rna");
up
1
d at safetypub dot org
9 years ago
I didn't find Japanese sorting function.
(mb_sort_kana or something)
Only SJIS encoding treats hankaku kata kana,
 I can't post here copy & paste version script.
I'm sorry...
You will replace comments with appropriate japanese string,
and write exception handlings between lines as you like.

<?php
mb_internal_encoding
("SJIS");

$moji = /*"aiueo...wawon -?.," <- serialized hankaku kata kana 50 on hyou goes here*/;
$moji .= "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxwz0123456789";

for(
$i = 0; isset($moji[$i]); $i++){
   
$pittan[$moji[$i]] = $i;
}

function
cmp($a, $b)
{
   if (
$a == $b) {
       return
0;
   }
   return
iter(mb_convert_kana($a, "askh") ,mb_convert_kana($b, "askh"), 0);
}

function
iter($a, $b, $i){
    global
$pittan;
    if(!isset(
$a[$i]) || !isset($b[$i])){
        return (isset(
$b[$i]))? -1 : 1;
    }
    if (
$pittan[$a[$i]] == $pittan[$b[$i]]){
        return
iter($a, $b, ++$i);
    }
    return ((
$pittan[$a[$i]]) < ($pittan[$b[$i]]))? -1 : 1;
}

echo
"<pre>";
$arr = array(/*some japanese array here*/);
usort($arr, "cmp");
var_dump($arr);
?>
up
-1
dn at littlealf dot net
10 years ago
It seems that mb_convert_kana() doesn't convert symbols such as ' (single quoatation). It affected my program when I insert data into database.

So, I've found 2 ways to solve this.
1) Use Javascript to convert those non-supported symbols before sending query string to your php page.
2) Use php function, str_replace $str, to replace those non-supported symbols. For example, $str = str_replace("'", "", $str);
where the first single quot is half-width(han kaku), and the second one is full-width(zen kaku).
up
-1
sohel62 at yahoo dot com
6 years ago
I did that manually when I was not getting  expected result using mb_convert_kana().
<?php
 
/*
 * @author Taslim Mazumder Sohel
 * @deprecated 1.0 - 2008/02/19
 *
 */
function han_kaku_to_jen_kaku($str){
       
$replace_of = array('ヴ','ガ','ギ','グ',
                           
'ゲ','ゴ','ザ','ジ',
                           
'ズ','ゼ','ゾ','ダ',
                           
'ヂ','ヅ','デ','ド',
                           
'バ','ビ','ブ','ベ',
                           
'ボ','パ','ピ','プ','ペ','ポ');
       
$replace_by = array('ヴ','ガ','ギ','グ',
                           
'ゲ','ゴ','ザ','ジ',
                           
'ズ','ゼ','ゾ','ダ',
                           
'ヂ','ヅ','デ','ド',
                           
'バ','ビ','ブ','ベ',
                           
'ボ','パ','ピ','プ','ペ','ポ');
       
$_result = str_replace($replace_of, $replace_by, $str);
       
       
$replace_of = array('ア','イ','ウ','エ','オ',
                           
'カ','キ','ク','ケ','コ',
                           
'サ','シ','ス','セ','ソ',
                           
'タ','チ','ツ','テ','ト',
                           
'ナ','ニ','ヌ','ネ','ノ',
                           
'ハ','ヒ','フ','ヘ','ホ',
                           
'マ','ミ','ム','メ','モ',
                           
'ヤ','ユ','ヨ','ラ','リ',
                           
'ル','レ','ロ','ワ','ヲ',
                           
'ン','ァ','ィ','ゥ','ェ',
                           
'ォ','ヵ','ヶ','ャ','ュ',
                           
'ョ','ッ','、','。','ー',
                           
'「','」','゙','゚');
       
$replace_by = array('ア','イ','ウ','エ','オ',
                           
'カ','キ','ク','ケ','コ',
                           
'サ','シ','ス','セ','ソ',
                           
'タ','チ','ツ','テ','ト',
                           
'ナ','ニ','ヌ','ネ','ノ',
                           
'ハ','ヒ','フ','ヘ','ホ',
                           
'マ','ミ','ム','メ','モ',
                           
'ヤ','ユ','ヨ','ラ','リ',
                           
'ル','レ','ロ','ワ','ヲ',
                           
'ン','ァ','ィ','ゥ','ェ',
                           
'ォ','ヶ','ヶ','ャ','ュ',
                           
'ョ','ッ','、','。','ー',
                           
'「','」','”','');       
       
$_result = str_replace($replace_of, $replace_by, $_result);
        return
$_result;
    }
?>
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