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 Last updated: Thu, 23 May 2013

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# array_values

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

array_valuesRetorna todos os valores de um array

### Descrição

array array_values ( array `\$input` )

array_values() retorna todos os valores do array `input` num array indexado numericamente.

`input`

O array.

### Valor Retornado

Retorna um array indexado de valores.

### Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Exemplo de array_values()

``` <?php\$array = array("tamanho" => "G", "cor" => "dourado");print_r(array_values (\$array));?> ```

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

```Array
(
[0] => G
[1] => dourado
)
```

### Veja Também

 Last updated: Thu, 23 May 2013

User Contributed Notes array_values - [33 notes]
aowie1 at gmail dot com
2 years ago
``` I needed a function that recursively went into each level of the array to order (only the indexed) arrays... and NOT flatten the whole thing. Solution: <?php function array_values_recursive(\$arr){         \$arr = array_values(\$arr);         foreach(\$arr as \$key => \$val)             if(array_values(\$val) === \$val)                 \$arr[\$key] = array_values_recursive(\$val);                 return \$arr; } ?> ```
ahigerd at stratitec dot com
6 years ago
``` A comment on array_merge mentioned that array_splice is faster than array_merge for inserting values. This may be the case, but if your goal is instead to reindex a numeric array, array_values() is the function of choice. Performing the following functions in a 100,000-iteration loop gave me the following times: (\$b is a 3-element array) array_splice(\$b, count(\$b)) => 0.410652 \$b = array_splice(\$b, 0) => 0.272513 array_splice(\$b, 3) => 0.26529 \$b = array_merge(\$b) => 0.233582 \$b = array_values(\$b) => 0.151298 ```
Yassin Ezbakhe <yassin88 at gmail dot com>
7 years ago
``` <?php /**********************************************  *  *   PURPOSE: Flatten a deep multidimensional array into a list of its  *   scalar values  *  *   array array_values_recursive (array array)  *  *   WARNING: Array keys will be lost  *  *********************************************/ function array_values_recursive(\$array) {     \$arrayValues = array();     foreach (\$array as \$value)     {         if (is_scalar(\$value) OR is_resource(\$value))         {              \$arrayValues[] = \$value;         }         elseif (is_array(\$value))         {              \$arrayValues = array_merge(\$arrayValues, array_values_recursive(\$value));         }     }     return \$arrayValues; } ?> This function is an improved and faster version of the one posted by <27-Apr-2004 09:47> ```
kars at kde dot nl
7 years ago
``` Also, objects in the array that were added by reference are handled correctly as well: class Foo {         var \$n;         function Foo (\$n) {                 \$this->n = \$n;         } } \$a = new Foo(1); \$b = new Foo(2); \$c = new Foo(3); \$l = array(&\$a, &\$b, &\$c); // add by reference \$m = array_values(\$l); \$a->n = 5; echo \$m[0]->n; This prints "5" as you would expect. ```
Anonymous
9 years ago
``` <?php /**    flatten an arbitrarily deep multidimensional array    into a list of its scalar values    (may be inefficient for large structures)    (will infinite recurse on self-referential structures)    (could be extended to handle objects) */ function array_values_recursive(\$ary) {    \$lst = array();    foreach( array_keys(\$ary) as \$k ){       \$v = \$ary[\$k];       if (is_scalar(\$v)) {          \$lst[] = \$v;       } elseif (is_array(\$v)) {          \$lst = array_merge( \$lst,             array_values_recursive(\$v)          );       }    }    return \$lst; } ?> code till dawn!  -mark meves! ```
rene dot zak at post dot cz
5 years ago
``` <?php \$array = array(     'fruit1' => 'apple',     'fruit2' => 'orange',     'fruit3' => ' ',     'fruit4' => ' ',     'fruit5' => 'apple');     for (\$i = 0; \$i <  count(\$array); \$i++) {     \$key=key(\$array);     \$val=\$array[\$key];     if (\$val<> ' ') {        echo \$key ." = ".  \$val ." <br> ";        }      next(\$array);     } /* fruit1 = apple fruit2 = orange fruit5 = apple */ ?> ```
chrysb at gmail dot com
4 years ago
``` If you are looking for a way to count the total number of times a specific value appears in array, use this function: <?php function array_value_count (\$match, \$array) {     \$count = 0;         foreach (\$array as \$key => \$value)     {         if (\$value == \$match)         {             \$count++;         }     }         return \$count; } ?> This should really be a native function of PHP. ```
wellandpower at hotmail.com
6 years ago
``` The function here flatterns an entire array and was not the behaviour I expected from a function of this name. I expected the function to flattern every sub array so that all the values were aligned and it would return an array with the same dimensions as the imput array, but as per array_values() adjusting the keys rater than removing them. In order to do this, you will want this function: function array_values_recursive(\$array) {    \$temp = array();    foreach (\$array as \$value) {            if(is_array(\$value)) { \$temp[] = array_values_recursive(\$value); }            else { \$temp[] = \$value; }    }    return \$temp; } Hopefully this will assist. ```
info at djdb dot be
3 months ago
``` <?php \$array = array("size" => "XL", "color" => "gold","x" => " ","y" => "gold","z" => ""); print_r(array_values(\$array)); ?> wil result: Array ( [0] => XL [1] => gold [2] => [3] => gold [4] => ) ```
kapilgopinath at gmail dot com
1 year ago
``` extract all values from a multi dimesnsional array or a nexted json object function array_keys_multi(\$array,&\$vals) {     foreach (\$array as \$key => \$value) {         if (is_array(\$value)) {                             array_keys_multi(\$value,\$vals);                 }else{                         \$vals[] = \$value;         }     }       return \$vals; } ```
a dot ross at amdev dot eu
1 year ago
``` <?php /**  * Flattens an array, or returns FALSE on fail.  */ function array_flatten(\$array) {   if (!is_array(\$array)) {     return FALSE;   }   \$result = array();   foreach (\$array as \$key => \$value) {     if (is_array(\$value)) {       \$result = array_merge(\$result, array_flatten(\$value));     }     else {       \$result[\$key] = \$value;     }   }   return \$result; } ?> ```
abimaelrc
2 years ago
``` This is another way to get value from a multidimensional array, but for versions of php >= 5.3.x <?php /**  * Get all values from specific key in a multidimensional array  *  * @param \$key string  * @param \$arr array  * @return null|string|array  */ function array_value_recursive(\$key, array \$arr){     \$val = array();     array_walk_recursive(\$arr, function(\$v, \$k) use(\$key, &\$val){         if(\$k == \$key) array_push(\$val, \$v);     });     return count(\$val) > 1 ? \$val : array_pop(\$val); } \$arr = array(     'foo' => 'foo',     'bar' => array(         'baz' => 'baz',         'candy' => 'candy',         'vegetable' => array(             'carrot' => 'carrot',         )     ),     'vegetable' => array(         'carrot' => 'carrot2',     ),     'fruits' => 'fruits', ); var_dump(array_value_recursive('carrot', \$arr)); // array(2) { [0]=> string(6) "carrot" [1]=> string(7) "carrot2" } var_dump(array_value_recursive('apple', \$arr)); // null var_dump(array_value_recursive('baz', \$arr)); // string(3) "baz" var_dump(array_value_recursive('candy', \$arr)); // string(5) "candy" var_dump(array_value_recursive('pear', \$arr)); // null ?> ```
geo dot artemenko at gmail dot com
3 years ago
``` same array_flatten function, compressed and preserving keys. function array_flatten(\$a,\$f=array()){   if(!\$a||!is_array(\$a))return '';   foreach(\$a as \$k=>\$v){     if(is_array(\$v))\$f=array_flatten(\$v,\$f);     else \$f[\$k]=\$v;   }   return \$f; } ```
madhamster
4 years ago
``` Good function, if you want to acces associative array element by position: <?php \$array = array('fruit'=>'apple', 'juice'=>'orange', 'color'=>'lime'); \$array = array_values(\$array); echo \$array[2]; ?> ```
bluej100 at gmail dot com
5 years ago
``` Most of the array_flatten functions don't allow preservation of keys. Mine allows preserve, don't preserve, and preserve only strings (default). <? // recursively reduces deep arrays to single-dimensional arrays // \$preserve_keys: (0=>never, 1=>strings, 2=>always) function array_flatten(\$array, \$preserve_keys = 1, &\$newArray = Array()) {   foreach (\$array as \$key => \$child) {     if (is_array(\$child)) {       \$newArray =& array_flatten(\$child, \$preserve_keys, \$newArray);     } elseif (\$preserve_keys + is_string(\$key) > 1) {       \$newArray[\$key] = \$child;     } else {       \$newArray[] = \$child;     }   }   return \$newArray; } // Tests \$array = Array(   'A' => Array(     1 => 'foo',     2 => Array(       'a' => 'bar'     )   ),   'B' => 'baz' ); echo 'var_dump(\$array);'."\n"; var_dump(\$array); echo 'var_dump(array_flatten(\$array, 0));'."\n"; var_dump(array_flatten(\$array, 0)); echo 'var_dump(array_flatten(\$array, 1));'."\n"; var_dump(array_flatten(\$array, 1)); echo 'var_dump(array_flatten(\$array, 2));'."\n"; var_dump(array_flatten(\$array, 2)); ?> ```
deceze at gmail dot YesThatsGoogleMail dot com
5 years ago
``` Please note that 'wellandpower at hotmail.com's recursive merge doesn't work. Here's the fixed version: <?php function array_values_recursive(\$array) {    \$flat = array();    foreach (\$array as \$value) {            if (is_array(\$value)) \$flat = array_merge(\$flat, array_values_recursive(\$value));            else \$flat[] = \$value;    }    return \$flat; } ?> ```
nopy at users dot sourceforge dot net
9 years ago
``` Just a warning that re-indexing an array by array_values() may cause you to reach the memory limit unexpectly. For example, if your PHP momory_limits is 8MB,  and says there's a BIG array \$bigArray which allocate 5MB of memory. Doing this will cause PHP exceeds the momory limits: <?php   \$bigArray = array_values( \$bigArray ); ?> It's because array_values() does not re-index \$bigArray directly, it just re-index it into another array, and assign to itself later. ```
mailseppel at gmx dot de
10 years ago
``` Remember, that the following way of fetching data from a mySql-Table will do exactly the thing as carl described before: An array, which data may be accessed both by numerical and DB-ID-based Indexes: <?php \$row = mysql_fetch_array(\$db_result, \$db_link); ?> Hope I haven't misunderstood anything here.. :) ```
carl at thep.lu.se
11 years ago
``` Indeed you can, and that's what's so great about it. I have, for instance, a function that returns the results of a database query as an array. I want to keep the order that the entries were returned in, but at the same time I want to be able to access them _either_ by the position _or_ by some other index (such as some sort of ID in the database, gotten from elsewhere). In this case, I can make the function return an array from id to [array of values], and by a simple call to array_values() this is transformed into an array indexed from 0 to count()-1. Useful. ```
richard at phpguru dot org
11 years ago
``` If you have a numerically indexed array with some keys missing, ie 1, 2, 4, 5 and you want to reindex it so it's 1,2,3,4 *without changing the positions of the values* (ie sort()) then you can use this function to do it. ```
-1
id_ivan at yahoo dot com
4 years ago
``` I finally found a way to solve my problem with multidimension array and though to share it here. This function flatten multi dimension (associative/index) array recursively while maintaining the key with its value. You can see the example for a better explanation. <?php     /* ---------------------     * @function  array_flatten     * @param     array     * @since     0.1     * @return    array     * @notes     flatten associative multi dimension array recursive     * @update    22:02 3/7/2009     * @author    Rivanoor Bren <id_ivan(at)yahoo.com>     ---------------------- */     function array_flatten(\$array, \$preserve = FALSE, \$r = array()){         foreach(\$array as \$key => \$value){             if (is_array(\$value)){                 foreach(\$value as \$k => \$v){                     if (is_array(\$v)) { \$tmp = \$v; unset(\$value[\$k]); }                 }                 if (\$preserve) \$r[\$key] = \$value;                 else \$r[] = \$value;             }         }         \$r = isset(\$tmp) ? array_flatten(\$tmp, \$preserve, \$r) : \$r;         return \$r;     }     print_r(\$tmp); /* --- Array (     [home] => Array         (             [id] => 1             [pid] => 0             [link] => home             [subcat] =>         )     [works] => Array         (             [id] => 2             [pid] => 0             [link] => works             [subcat] => Array                 (                     [viz] => Array                         (                             [id] => 4                             [pid] => 2                             [link] => viz                             [subcat] =>                         )                     [script] => Array                         (                             [id] => 5                             [pid] => 2                             [link] => script                             [subcat] => Array                                 (                                     [arch] => Array                                         (                                             [id] => 6                                             [pid] => 5                                             [link] => arch                                             [subcat] =>                                         )                                 )                         )                 )         )     [blog] => Array         (             [id] => 3             [pid] => 0             [link] => blog             [subcat] =>         ) ) --- */     print_r(array_flatten(\$tmp, 1)); /* --- Array (     [home] => Array         (             [id] => 1             [pid] => 0             [link] => home             [subcat] =>         )     [works] => Array         (             [id] => 2             [pid] => 0             [link] => works         )     [blog] => Array         (             [id] => 3             [pid] => 0             [link] => blog             [subcat] =>         )     [viz] => Array         (             [id] => 4             [pid] => 2             [link] => viz             [subcat] =>         )     [script] => Array         (             [id] => 5             [pid] => 2             [link] => script         )     [arch] => Array         (             [id] => 6             [pid] => 5             [link] => arch             [subcat] =>         ) ) --- */ ?> ```
-1
wizglins at gmx dot ch
7 years ago
``` In case you want to replace all keys in multiarrays by integers starting at 0, the following function might help. <?php function numerieren(\$array) { \$array_v = array_values(\$array); \$count_v = count(\$array_v); for (\$i=0; \$i<\$count_v; \$i++)   if (is_array(\$array_v[\$i]))     \$array_v[\$i] = numerieren(\$array_v[\$i]); return \$array_v; } ?> ```
Certainist
1 month ago
``` Non-recursive simplest array_flatten. <?php function array_flatten(\$arr) {     \$arr = array_values(\$arr);     while (list(\$k,\$v)=each(\$arr)) {         if (is_array(\$v)) {             array_splice(\$arr,\$k,1,\$v);             next(\$arr);         }     }     return \$arr; } ?> ```
karl dot rixon at gmail dot com
3 years ago
``` A modification of wellandpower at hotmail.com's function to perform array_values recursively. This version will only re-index numeric keys, leaving associative array indexes alone. <?php function array_values_recursive(\$array) {     \$temp = array();     foreach (\$array as \$key => \$value) {         if (is_numeric(\$key)) {             \$temp[] = is_array(\$value) ? array_values_recursive(\$value) : \$value;         } else {             \$temp[\$key] = is_array(\$value) ? array_values_recursive(\$value) : \$value;         }     }     return \$temp; } ?> ```
id_ivan at yahoo dot com
4 years ago
``` i missed one array value for mistakenly putting the recursive function outside the loop. so here is the corrected function: <?php     /* ---------------------     * @function  array_flatten     * @param     array     * @since     0.1     * @return    array     * @notes     flatten associative multi dimension array recursive     * @update    18:31 3/8/2009     * @author    Rivanoor Bren <id_ivan(at)yahoo.com>     ---------------------- */     function array_flatten(\$array, \$preserve = FALSE, \$r = array()){         foreach(\$array as \$key => \$value){             if (is_array(\$value)){                 foreach(\$value as \$k => \$v){                     if (is_array(\$v)) { \$tmp = \$v; unset(\$value[\$k]); }                 }                 if (\$preserve) \$r[\$key] = \$value;                 else \$r[] = \$value;             }           // this is correct           \$r = isset(\$tmp) ? array_flatten(\$tmp, \$preserve, \$r) : \$r;         }         // wrong spot:         // \$r = isset(\$tmp) ? array_flatten(\$tmp, \$preserve, \$r) : \$r;         return \$r;     } ?> ```
EA
5 years ago
``` <?php /*   array array_use_keys ( array \$array_data , array \$array_keys) */ function array_use_keys(&\$array_data, &\$array_keys) // pre: \$array_data != array(NULL) // post: read only rows from \$array_data having values from \$array_keys for keys //       effective result: array{\$array_data[\$array_key[0]] .. \$array_data[\$array_key[n]]}    {       \$resultarray = array();             foreach(\$array_keys as \$key) // \$key is the value of a element in \$array_keys which is going to be used as a key          array_push(\$resultarray, \$array_data[\$key]); // note: array_push indexes with integers             return(\$resultarray);    } ?> I only found the array_keys, yet it uses string, so I figured since I couldn't find a solution to make one of my own. Hopefully this could make it into the next PHP in a improved array_keys; PS   There are no sane errorchecks, so beware. ```
-1
Carsten Milkau
3 years ago
``` Note that in a multidimensional array, each element may be identified by a _sequence_ of keys, i.e. the keys that lead towards that element. Thus "preserving keys" may have different interpretations. Ivan's function for example creates a two-dimensional array preserving the last two keys. Other functions below create a one-dimensional array preserving the last key. For completeness, I will add a function that merges the key sequence by a given separator and a function that preserves the last n keys, where n is arbitrary. <?php /*  * Flattening a multi-dimensional array into a  * single-dimensional one. The resulting keys are a  * string-separated list of the original keys:  *  * a[x][y][z] becomes a[implode(sep, array(x,y,z))]  */ function array_flatten_sep(\$sep, \$array) {   \$result = array();   \$stack = array();   array_push(\$stack, array("", \$array));   while (count(\$stack) > 0) {     list(\$prefix, \$array) = array_pop(\$stack);     foreach (\$array as \$key => \$value) {       \$new_key = \$prefix . strval(\$key);       if (is_array(\$value))         array_push(\$stack, array(\$new_key . \$sep, \$value));       else         \$result[\$new_key] = \$value     }   }   return \$result; } /*  * Flattening a multi-dimensional array into an  * n-dimensional one. The last n keys of each element are  * preserved. If this results in ambiguities, results are  * undefined.  *  * a[x_1][x_2]...[x_m]  becomes  a[x_{m-n+1}]...[x_m]  */ function array_flatten_n(\$array, \$n) {   \$result = array();   \$stack = array();   array_push(\$stack, array(array(), \$array));   while (count(\$stack) > 0) {     list(\$prefix, \$array) = array_pop(\$stack);     foreach (\$array as \$key => \$value) {       if (is_array(\$value)) {         \$new_prefix = array_values(\$prefix);         array_push(\$new_prefix, \$key);         if (count(\$new_prefix) >= n)           array_shift(\$new_prefix);         array_push(\$stack, array(\$new_prefix, \$value));       } else {         \$array = \$result;         foreach (\$prefix as \$pkey) {            if (!is_array(\$array[\$pkey]))              \$array[\$pkey] = array();            \$array = \$array[\$pkey];         }         \$array[\$key] = \$value;       }     }   }   return \$result; } ?> ```
-2
warmo_at_o2_dot_pl
6 years ago
``` @Yassin Ezbakhe <yassin88 at gmail dot com> When we have to flatten multidimensional array of strings or numbers this method could be much faster. Inconvenience of this method is, that its speed depends on size of strings/numbers, which array contains - bigger strings, lower efficiency. Conclusion: Use this method for small amount of data in arrays (less than 500B per element in my case) which have many dimensions, in other case, use Yassin Ezbakhe method. <?php function md_implode(\$array, \$glue = '') {     if (is_array (\$array))     {         \$output = '';         foreach (\$array as \$v)         {             \$output .= md_implode(\$v, \$glue);         }         return \$output;     }     else     {         return \$array.\$glue;     } } function md_array_flatten(\$md_array) {     \$flat_array = explode ('#|#',md_implode(\$md_array,'#|#')); // "#|#" is a sample delimiter     array_pop(\$flat_array); // to remove last empty element     return \$flat_array; } //Usage: \$flat_array = md_array_flatten(\$some_md_array) ?> ```
-2
Anonymous
10 years ago
``` also useful to use for list(), if the array for input is the result of a function that only returns associative arrays: list(\$var1, \$var2, \$var3) = array_values(myfunc("only returns assoc arrays")); ```
-4
Sheldon Hearn
1 year ago
``` Note that the \$input argument is not reindexed. The return value is. ```
-4
farum21 at hotmail dot com
4 years ago
``` Spent a few hours today figuring out a more elegant way to flatten an array: <?php \$aNonFlat = array(     1,     2,     array(         3,         4,         5,         array(             6,             7         ),         8,         9,     ),     10,     11 ); \$objTmp = (object) array('aFlat' => array()); array_walk_recursive(\$aNonFlat, create_function('&\$v, \$k, &\$t', '\$t->aFlat[] = \$v;'), \$objTmp); var_dump(\$objTmp->aFlat); /* array(11) {   [0]=>   int(1)   [1]=>   int(2)   [2]=>   int(3)   [3]=>   int(4)   [4]=>   int(5)   [5]=>   int(6)   [6]=>   int(7)   [7]=>   int(8)   [8]=>   int(9)   [9]=>   int(10)   [10]=>   int(11) } */ ?> ```
-2
Anonymous
4 years ago
``` <?php \$array=array( 'value1'=>'value',             'array1'=> array( 'subItem1'=>'subItem1',                             'subItem2'=>'subItem2' ),             'array2'=> array( 'subItem1'=>'subItem1' ));             \$newArray=array(); array_flatten(\$array,\$newArray); print_r( \$newArray ); //Output //Array //( //    [value1] => value //    [array1|subItem1] => subItem1 //    [array1|subItem2] => subItem2 //    [array2|subItem1] => subItem1 //) // recursively reduces deep arrays to single-dimensional arrays function array_flatten(\$array, &\$newArray = Array() ,\$prefix='',\$delimiter='|') {   foreach (\$array as \$key => \$child) {     if (is_array(\$child)) {       \$newPrefix = \$prefix.\$key.\$delimiter;       \$newArray =& array_flatten(\$child, \$newArray ,\$newPrefix, \$delimiter);     } else {       \$newArray[\$prefix.\$key] = \$child;     }   }   return \$newArray; } ?> ```
-3
cyberphant0m AT earthlink DOT net
9 years ago
``` That may be true, however I doubt that anyone should have that big of an array. If they do then they probably are doing some intense computing in which case, they may want to opt for the power of C++. ```