PHP 7.0.6 Released

Enviando múltiplos arquivos

Múltiplos arquivos podem ser enviados usando diferentes nomes (name) para entradas (input).

Também é possível carregar vários arquivos simultaneamente e ter a informação automaticamente organizada em arrays. Para isso, é necessário usar a mesma sintaxe das arrays submetidas pelo formulário HTML que você usa para múltiplos selects e checkboxes:

Exemplo #1 Carregando múltiplos arquivos

<form action="file-upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
  Envie esses arquivos:<br />
  <input name="userfile[]" type="file" /><br />
  <input name="userfile[]" type="file" /><br />
  <input type="submit" value="Enviar arquivos" />
</form>

Quando o formulário acima é submetido, as arrays $_FILES['userfile'], $_FILES['userfile']['name'], e $_FILES['userfile']['size'] serão inicializadas (assim como $HTTP_POST_FILES para versões do PHP anteriores a 4.1.0). Quando o parâmetro register_globals está ativo, globals para os arquivos enviados também são inicializadas. Cada um deles será uma array dos valores apropriados, indexada numéricamente, para os arquivos submetidos.

Por exemplo, suponha os nomes dos arquivos /home/test/review.html e /home/test/xwp.out. Neste caso, $_FILES['userfile']['name'][0] deve conter o valor review.html, e $_FILES['userfile']['name'][1] deve conter o valor xwp.out. Similarmente, $_FILES['userfile']['size'][0] deve conter o tamanho do arquivo review.html, e assim por diante.

$_FILES['userfile']['name'][0], $_FILES['userfile']['tmp_name'][0], $_FILES['userfile']['size'][0], e $_FILES['userfile']['type'][0] também são definidas.

Aviso

Desde o PHP 5.2.12, a definição da configuração do parâmetro max_file_uploads atua como um limite no número de arquivos que podem ser enviados em umá única requisição. Você precisa ter certeza que seu formulário não tentará enviar mais arquivos que o limite definido.

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User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
178
phpuser at gmail dot com
10 years ago
When uploading multiple files, the $_FILES variable is created in the form:

Array
(
    [name] => Array
        (
            [0] => foo.txt
            [1] => bar.txt
        )

    [type] => Array
        (
            [0] => text/plain
            [1] => text/plain
        )

    [tmp_name] => Array
        (
            [0] => /tmp/phpYzdqkD
            [1] => /tmp/phpeEwEWG
        )

    [error] => Array
        (
            [0] => 0
            [1] => 0
        )

    [size] => Array
        (
            [0] => 123
            [1] => 456
        )
)

I found it made for a little cleaner code if I had the uploaded files array in the form

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [name] => foo.txt
            [type] => text/plain
            [tmp_name] => /tmp/phpYzdqkD
            [error] => 0
            [size] => 123
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [name] => bar.txt
            [type] => text/plain
            [tmp_name] => /tmp/phpeEwEWG
            [error] => 0
            [size] => 456
        )
)

I wrote a quick function that would convert the $_FILES array to the cleaner (IMHO) array.

<?php

function reArrayFiles(&$file_post) {

   
$file_ary = array();
   
$file_count = count($file_post['name']);
   
$file_keys = array_keys($file_post);

    for (
$i=0; $i<$file_count; $i++) {
        foreach (
$file_keys as $key) {
           
$file_ary[$i][$key] = $file_post[$key][$i];
        }
    }

    return
$file_ary;
}

?>

Now I can do the following:

<?php

if ($_FILES['upload']) {
   
$file_ary = reArrayFiles($_FILES['ufile']);

    foreach (
$file_ary as $file) {
        print
'File Name: ' . $file['name'];
        print
'File Type: ' . $file['type'];
        print
'File Size: ' . $file['size'];
    }
}

?>
up
32
wizzard351 at yahoo dot com
2 years ago
This is also needed for <input type=file multiple> elements.

So, if you have an input element like this:
<input type="file" multiple="multiple" name="foobar" />
This should be written as
<input type="file" multiple="multiple" name="foobar[]" />
else you'll only be able to get one of the files.
up
13
Corey Ballou
6 years ago
Here is a function to fix the indices of a multi-dimensional for easier parsing when dealing with file uploads.  It takes a single $_FILES field array as a parameter and separates each individual uploaded file by numeric key.  This allows for iterating like:

<?php
fixFilesArray
($_FILES['array_of_files']);
foreach (
$_FILES['array_of_files'] as $position => $file) {
   
// should output array with indices name, type, tmp_name, error, size
   
var_dump($file);
}
?>

Here's the code:

<?php
/**
* Fixes the odd indexing of multiple file uploads from the format:
*
* $_FILES['field']['key']['index']
*
* To the more standard and appropriate:
*
* $_FILES['field']['index']['key']
*
* @param array $files
* @author Corey Ballou
* @link http://www.jqueryin.com
*/
function fixFilesArray(&$files)
{
   
$names = array( 'name' => 1, 'type' => 1, 'tmp_name' => 1, 'error' => 1, 'size' => 1);

    foreach (
$files as $key => $part) {
       
// only deal with valid keys and multiple files
       
$key = (string) $key;
        if (isset(
$names[$key]) && is_array($part)) {
            foreach (
$part as $position => $value) {
               
$files[$position][$key] = $value;
            }
           
// remove old key reference
           
unset($files[$key]);
        }
    }
}
?>
up
2
swayalex at gmail dot com
6 months ago
Recursive solution for complex situations (supports any nested arrays including indexed arrays)

function getFixedFilesArray() {
    $walker = function ($arr, $fileInfokey, callable $walker) {
        $ret = array();
        foreach ($arr as $k => $v) {
            if (is_array($v)) {
                $ret[$k] = $walker($v, $fileInfokey, $walker);
            } else {
                $ret[$k][$fileInfokey] = $v;
            }
        }
        return $ret;
    };

    $files = array();
    foreach ($_FILES as $name => $values) {
        // init for array_merge
        if (!isset($files[$name])) {
            $files[$name] = array();
        }
        if (!is_array($values['error'])) {
            // normal syntax
            $files[$name] = $values;
        } else {
            // html array feature
            foreach ($values as $fileInfoKey => $subArray) {
                $files[$name] = array_replace_recursive($files[$name], $walker($subArray, $fileInfoKey, $walker));
            }
        }
    }

    return $files;
}
up
13
timspeelman at live dot nl
4 years ago
The cleanest way to rearrange the $_FILES

<?php
function rearrange( $arr ){
    foreach(
$arr as $key => $all ){
        foreach(
$all as $i => $val ){
           
$new[$i][$key] = $val;   
        }   
    }
    return
$new;
}
?>
up
2
jess at semlabs dot co dot uk
7 years ago
If you try and upload files with multi-dimensional names like this:

<input type="file" name="submission[screenshot]" />
<input type="file" name="other[dem][][img][]" />

You will get an unexpected format like this:

<?php
array(
   
'submission' => array
        (
           
'name' => array( 'screenshot' => 'monster_wallpaper.jpg' ),
           
'type' => array( 'screenshot' => 'image/jpeg' ),
           
'tmp_name' => array( 'screenshot' => '/tmp/php48lX2Y' ),
           
'error' => array( 'screenshot' => 0 ),
           
'size' => array( 'screenshot' => 223262 ),
        ),
....
?>

You can use the following function to re-format the array recursively in the usual format:

<?php
function format_files_array( $files, $name = null, &$new = false, $path = false ){
   
$names = array( 'name' => 'name', 'type' => 'type', 'tmp_name' => 'tmp_name', 'error' => 'error', 'size' => 'size' );
   
    foreach(
$files as $key => &$part )
    {
       
$key = ( string ) $key;
        if(
in_array( $key, $names ) )
           
$name = $key;
        if( !
in_array( $key, $names ) )
           
$path[] = $key;
        if(
is_array( $part ) )
           
$part = format_files_array( $part, $name, $new, $path );
        elseif( !
is_array( $part ) )
        {
           
$current =& $new;
            foreach(
$path as $p )
               
$current =& $current[$p];
           
$current[$name] = $part;
            unset(
$path );
           
$name = null;
        }
    }
   
    return
$new;
}
?>
up
1
lookphp at gmail dot com
22 days ago
This is a very simple example:

Part I : HTML

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Document</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form action="upload.php" method="post" multipart="" enctype="multipart/form-data">
        <input type="file" name="img[]" multiple>
        <input type="submit">
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Part II : PHP

<?php
echo '<pre>';
$img = $_FILES['img'];

if(!empty(
$img))
{
   
$img_desc = reArrayFiles($img);
   
print_r($img_desc);
   
    foreach(
$img_desc as $val)
    {
       
$newname = date('YmdHis',time()).mt_rand().'.jpg';
       
move_uploaded_file($val['tmp_name'],'./uploads/'.$newname);
    }
}

function
reArrayFiles($file)
{
   
$file_ary = array();
   
$file_count = count($file['name']);
   
$file_key = array_keys($file);
   
    for(
$i=0;$i<$file_count;$i++)
    {
        foreach(
$file_key as $val)
        {
           
$file_ary[$i][$val] = $file[$val][$i];
        }
    }
    return
$file_ary;
}
up
1
hotmail.com[at]notdefix
8 years ago
With multiple file uploads

post_max_size: the total amount of data posted by the client (all files, and all other form field)

upload_max_filesize: the maximum size of 1 single file. (just like <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="..."/>)

so, with the directives:
post_max_size 25M
upload_max_filesize 2M

you can send 12 files of up to 2 MB and use up to 1 MB for your additional form-values.

As long as you read only a single copy of 1 file into memory, the memory_limit directive can be held reasonable small as well.
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-6
contato at dgmike dot com dot br
4 years ago
I prefer something like this!

<?php
public function arrayImages ( &$file_post )
{
    if( empty(
$file_post ) ) {
        return
$file_post;
    }
    if(
'array'!==gettype($file_post['name']) ) {
        return
$file_post;
    }
   
$keys = array_keys($file_post['name']);
   
$file_array = array();
    foreach (
$keys as $key) {
       foreach (
$file_post as $res=>$item) {
          
$file_array[$key][$res] = $item[$key];
       }
   }
   return
$file_array;
}
?>
up
-9
javad dot geek at gmail dot com
2 years ago
$countarray = count($_FILES['uploadfile']['name']);
                $newarray = array();
                for($i=0;$i<$countarray;$i++){
                    $newarray[$i]['name']=$_FILES['uploadfile']['name'][$i];
                    $newarray[$i]['type']=$_FILES['uploadfile']['type'][$i];
                    $newarray[$i]['tmp_name']=$_FILES['uploadfile']['tmp_name'][$i];
                    $newarray[$i]['error']=$_FILES['uploadfile']['error'][$i];
                    $newarray[$i]['size']=$_FILES['uploadfile']['size'][$i];
                }
up
-1
Eric
5 months ago
This is just a modification of the code which is the top note by "phpuser" here. His/her version requires that the $file_post array passed in to the function was created by a form submitted with the multiple attribute set. With multiple set in the html input tag, $_FILES["fileInputName"]["name"] is an array no matter if only one file is sent or multiple. But when <input type="file"> is used without the multiple attribute then $_FILES["fileInputName"]["name"] is not an array, it contains the the string with the filename. To use this neat function with or without multiple set and to get back an array which you can "foreach" over in either case, use this modification:

function reArrayFiles(&$file_post)
{
    $file_ary = array();
    $multiple = is_array($file_post['name']);

    $file_count = $multiple ? count($file_post['name']) : 1;
    $file_keys = array_keys($file_post);

    for ($i=0; $i<$file_count; $i++)
    {
        foreach ($file_keys as $key)
        {
            $file_ary[$i][$key] = $multiple ? $file_post[$key][$i] : $file_post[$key];
        }
    }

    return $file_ary;
}
up
-23
ohcnim at hotmail dot com
2 years ago
by simply naming differently each file input you'll get easily accesible arrays from $_FILES, in the form $_FILES['input_name']['file_attribute'].  For example:

$_FILES['input_name1']['name']...['input_name1']['size']
$_FILES['input_name2']['name']...['input_name2']['size']
$_FILES['input_nameX']['name']...['input_nameX']['size']
up
-14
Pako
8 months ago
If you want to upload multiple file at once, remember "multiple" attribute:

<input type="file" multiple="multiple" name="file[]" enctype="multipart/form-data"/>
up
-5
Roman
6 months ago
function reorganize($files) {
    foreach ($files as $var => $params) {
        foreach ($params as $name => $i) {
            foreach ($i as $num => $val) {
                $images[$var][$name] = $val;
                $arr[$num] = $images;
            }
        }
    }
    return $arr;
}

Array (
     [0] => Array (
         [image] => Array (
             [name] => white-rabbit-med-crop.jpg
             [type] => image/jpeg
             [tmp_name] => E:\xampp\tmp\phpC008.tmp
             [error] => 0
             [size] => 343326 )
        )
    [1] => Array (
         [image] => Array (
             [name] => white-rabbit-med-crop.jpg
             [type] => image/jpeg
             [tmp_name] => E:\xampp\tmp\phpC008.tmp
             [error] => 0
             [size] => 1429802 )
        )
)
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