Microsoft SQL Server Functions (PDO_SQLSRV)

소개

PDO_SQLSRV is a driver that implements the PHP Data Objects (PDO) interface to enable access from PHP to MS SQL Server (starting with SQL Server 2005) and SQL Azure databases.

설치

The PDO_SQLSRV extension is enabled by adding appropriate DLL file to your PHP extension directory and the corresponding entry to the php.ini file. The PDO_SQLSRV download comes 8 driver files, four of which are for PDO support. If you are running non-thread-safe PHP (PHP 5.3), use the php_pdo_sqlsrv_53_nts.dll file. (You should use a non-thread-safe version if you are using IIS as your web server). If you are running thread-safe PHP, use the php_pdo_sqlsrv_53_ts.dll file. Similarly for PHP 5.4, use the php_pdo_sqlsrv_54_nts.dll or php_pdo_sqlsrv_54_ts.dll depending on whether your PHP installation is non-thread-safe or thread-safe.

The most recent version of the driver is available for download here: » SQLSRV 3.0 download. If you need support for PHP 5.2 and/or PHP compiled with VC6, use the 2.0 release of the driver: » SQLSRV 2.0 download.

For more information about system requirements, see » SQLSRV System Requirements.

The PDO_SQLSRV extension is only compatible with PHP running on Windows. For Linux, see ODBC and » Microsoft's SQL Server ODBC Driver for Linux.

예약 상수

아래 상수는 이 드라이버에서 정의된 것으로, 확장을 PHP에 컴파일하였거나 실행중에 동적 로드하였을 때만 사용할 수 있습니다. 추가로, 드라이버-특정 상수는 이 드라이버를 사용할 때만 사용할 수 있습니다. mysql-특정 속성를 postgres 드라이버에서 사용하면 기대하지 않은 작동을 할 수 있습니다. 코드에서 여러 드라이버를 실행한다면, PDO::getAttribute()를 사용하여 PDO_ATTR_DRIVER_NAME 속성으로 드라이버를 확인할 수 있습니다.

PDO::SQLSRV_TXN_READ_UNCOMMITTED (integer)
This constant is an acceptable value for the SQLSRV DSN key TransactionIsolation. This constant sets the transaction isolation level for the connection to Read Uncommitted.
PDO::SQLSRV_TXN_READ_COMMITTED (integer)
This constant is an acceptable value for the SQLSRV DSN key TransactionIsolation. This constant sets the transaction isolation level for the connection to Read Committed.
PDO::SQLSRV_TXN_REPEATABLE_READ (integer)
This constant is an acceptable value for the SQLSRV DSN key TransactionIsolation. This constant sets the transaction isolation level for the connection to Repeateable Read.
PDO::SQLSRV_TXN_SNAPSHOT (integer)
This constant is an acceptable value for the SQLSRV DSN key TransactionIsolation. This constant sets the transaction isolation level for the connection to Snapshot.
PDO::SQLSRV_TXN_SERIALIZABLE (integer)
This constant is an acceptable value for the SQLSRV DSN key TransactionIsolation. This constant sets the transaction isolation level for the connection to Serializable.
PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_BINARY (integer)
Specifies that data is sent/retrieved as a raw byte stream to/from the server without performing encoding or translation. This constant can be passed to PDOStatement::setAttribute, PDO::prepare, PDOStatement::bindColumn, and PDOStatement::bindParam.
PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_SYSTEM (integer)
Specifies that data is sent/retrieved to/from the server as 8-bit characters as specified in the code page of the Windows locale that is set on the system. Any multi-byte characters or characters that do not map into this code page are substituted with a single byte question mark (?) character. This constant can be passed to PDOStatement::setAttribute, PDO::setAttribute, PDO::prepare, PDOStatement::bindColumn, and PDOStatement::bindParam.
PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_UTF8 (integer)
Specifies that data is sent/retrieved to/from the server in UTF-8 encoding. This is the default encoding. This constant can be passed to PDOStatement::setAttribute, PDO::setAttribute, PDO::prepare, PDOStatement::bindColumn, and PDOStatement::bindParam.
PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_DEFAULT (integer)
Specifies that data is sent/retrieved to/from the server according to PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_SYSTEM if specified during connection. The connection's encoding is used if specified in a prepare statement. This constant can be passed to PDOStatement::setAttribute, PDO::setAttribute, PDO::prepare, PDOStatement::bindColumn, and PDOStatement::bindParam.
PDO::SQLSRV_ATTR_QUERY_TIMEOUT (integer)
A non-negative integer representing the timeout period, in seconds. Zero (0) is the default and means no timeout. This constant can be passed to PDOStatement::setAttribute, PDO::setAttribute, and PDO::prepare.
PDO::SQLSRV_ATTR_DIRECT_QUERY (integer)
Indicates that a query should be executed directly, without being prepared. This constant can be passed to PDO::setAttribute, and PDO::prepare. For more information, see » Direct and Prepared Statement Execution.

Table of Contents

  • PDO_SQLSRV DSN — Connecting to MS SQL Server and SQL Azure databases
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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
13
ian at helastel dot com
5 years ago
An updated driver compatible with both PHP 7.0 and Linux is available on the PHP-7.0-Linux branch of https://github.com/Microsoft/msphpsql/

This is more up to date and supports some additional features over the ODBC / DBLIB drivers.

It is currently considered an 'Early Technical Preview' and hence has some limitations, but in my experience it has been stable.
up
14
Peter
7 years ago
SQLSRV 3.2 is now available from Microsoft that supports PHP 5.6

http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=20098
up
6
John P
7 years ago
As of 12/12/2014, Microsoft has officially released Version 3.1.

Support for 5.5 has 4 drivers
php_pdo_sqlsrv_55_nts.dll
php_pdo_sqlsrv_55_ts.dll
php_sqlsrv_55_nts.dll
php_sqlsrv_55_ts.dll

Note: Version 3.1 now supports PHP 5.5 and requires Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 (or higher)

You can downlod the new driver from
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=20098
up
-3
fleduc dot perso at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Watch out!

If you use PDO SQLSRV on windows 7, using 32 bit php on XAMMP, you might encounter driver problems : "This extension requires the Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server to communicate with SQL Server"

The reason, Microsoft 32-bit ODBC driver doesn't install properly on 64-bit Windows 7.

Check the solution to PDO SQLSRV driver problem here in StackOverflow

https://stackoverflow.com/a/46245990/1330248
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