imagecreatefrompng

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

imagecreatefrompng파일이나 URL에서 새 이미지를 생성

설명

resource imagecreatefrompng ( string $filename )

imagecreatefrompng() returns an image identifier representing the image obtained from the given filename.

Tip

fopen 래퍼를 활성화하면, 파일명으로 URL을 사용할 수 있습니다. 파일 이름을 지정하는 방법은 fopen()을 참고하십시오. 다양한 래퍼의 기능, 사용법, 제공하는 예약 정의 변수들에 대해서는 Supported Protocols and Wrappers를 참고하십시오.

인수

filename

Path to the PNG image.

반환값

성공 시에 이미지 자원 지시자를, 오류 시에 FALSE를 반환합니다.

예제

Example #1 Example to handle an error during loading of a PNG

<?php
function LoadPNG($imgname)
{
    
/* Attempt to open */
    
$im = @imagecreatefrompng($imgname);

    
/* See if it failed */
    
if(!$im)
    {
        
/* Create a blank image */
        
$im  imagecreatetruecolor(15030);
        
$bgc imagecolorallocate($im255255255);
        
$tc  imagecolorallocate($im000);

        
imagefilledrectangle($im0015030$bgc);

        
/* Output an error message */
        
imagestring($im155'Error loading ' $imgname$tc);
    }

    return 
$im;
}

header('Content-Type: image/png');

$img LoadPNG('bogus.image');

imagepng($img);
imagedestroy($img);
?>

위 예제의 출력 예시:

imagecreatefrompng() example
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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
72
Anonymous
17 years ago
If you're trying to load a translucent png-24 image but are finding an absence of transparency (like it's black), you need to enable alpha channel AND save the setting. I'm new to GD and it took me almost two hours to figure this out.

<?php
$imgPng
= imageCreateFromPng($strImagePath);
imageAlphaBlending($imgPng, true);
imageSaveAlpha($imgPng, true);

/* Output image to browser */
header("Content-type: image/png");
imagePng($imgPng);
?>
up
9
marcos at assl-site dot net
15 years ago
I had the same problem as jboyd1189 at yahoo dot com but I solve d it allocating more memory dynamically.

Usually the memory_limit var on php.ini is set to 8M. Unfortunately, the required amount of memory to manage a PNG image about 1000x1000 could be bigger !

The approach I used to solve the problem is:

1-Calculate the memory required by the image
2-Set the new memory_limit value
3-Create the PNG image and thumbnail
4-Restore the original value

1-The following value works for me:
$required_memory = Round($width * $height * $size['bits']);

Note that for JPEG the requirements are not the same:
http://es2.php.net/manual/en/function.imagecreatefromjpeg.php#60241

2-Use somthing like:
$new_limit=memory_get_usage() + $required_memory;
ini_set("memory_limit", $new_limit);

4-ini_restore ("memory_limit");
up
1
sageptr at gmail dot com
9 months ago
Because gd and imagick do not support animated PNG (at this moment), i wrote a simple function to determine if given PNG is APNG or not. It does not validate PNG, only checks whenever "acTL" chunk appears before "IDAT" like the specification says: https://wiki.mozilla.org/APNG_Specification

<?php

function is_apng(string $filename): bool
{
   
$f = new \SplFileObject($filename, 'rb');
   
$header = $f->fread(8);
    if (
$header !== "\x89PNG\r\n\x1A\n") {
        return
false;
    }
    while (!
$f->eof()) {
       
$bytes $f->fread(4);
        if (
strlen($bytes) < 4) {
            return
false;
        }
       
$length = unpack('N', $bytes)[1];
       
$chunkname = $f->fread(4);
        switch (
$chunkname) {
            case
'acTL':
                return
true;
            case
'IDAT':
                return
false;
        }
       
$f->fseek($length + 4, SEEK_CUR);
    }
    return
false;
}

?>
up
-2
admin at wdfa dot co dot uk
13 years ago
When using imagecreatepng with alpha blending you will lose the blending.

To over come this use something like the following
<?php
$dstimage
=imagecreatetruecolor($width,$height);
$srcimage=imagecreatefrompng($src);
imagecopyresampled($dstimage,$srcimage,0,0,0,0, $width,$height,$width,$height);
?>
Where $width and $height are the width and height of the $src image.

This will create a true colour image then copy the png image to this true colour image and retain alpha blending.
up
-8
Cyrille37
6 years ago
The image size (width x height) should not exceed INT_MAX ... It's still thrue on a 64 bits computer.
up
-8
katalin at knittedforyou dot com
4 years ago
I have this code:

if (exif_imagetype($this->img_name) == IMAGETYPE_PNG) {
                try {
                   
                    $this->image = imagecreatefrompng($this->img_name);
                    Error::log('It is a png: '.$this->img_name);
                } catch (Exception $e) {
                    echo "The image file has some strange charachters. Probably not a png image?";
                    $this->image = '';
                    $this->img_name = '';
                }
            }

And I get this error in the error.log:
PHP Unknown error:  imagecreatefrompng(): gd-png: fatal libpng error: Extra compressed data\n in Unknown on line 0

The file that I try to open is a generated .png image which I can open from gimp and Geeqie.

What is the problem? Could you please help me?
up
-25
jboyd1189 at yahoo dot com
15 years ago
I was having a terrible time with the imagecreatefrompng function as it was working perfectly for one image and not at all for another.  After many hours of frustration, I discovered that the problem was the image size (number of pixels).  It appears that the maximum number of pixels this function will process is 1,040,000.  So, be sure that the pixel resolution of the image (eg. 1040 x 1000) does not exceed this value.
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