imagecolorclosesthwb

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5, PHP 7)

imagecolorclosesthwbGet the index of the color which has the hue, white and blackness

설명

int imagecolorclosesthwb ( resource $image , int $red , int $green , int $blue )

Get the index of the color which has the hue, white and blackness nearest the given color.

인수

image

imagecreatetruecolor() 등의 이미지 생성 함수에서 반환한 이미지 자원.

red

Red 컴포넌트 값.

green

Green 컴포넌트 값.

blue

Blue 컴포넌트 값.

반환값

Returns an integer with the index of the color which has the hue, white and blackness nearest the given color.

예제

Example #1 Example of using imagecolorclosesthwb()

<?php
$im 
imagecreatefromgif('php.gif');

echo 
'HWB: ' imagecolorclosesthwb($im116115152);

imagedestroy($im);
?>

위 예제의 출력 예시:

HWB: 33

변경점

버전 설명
5.3.0 This function is now available on Windows

참고

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 1 note

up
6
Xong
12 years ago
I have written a function which uses the deltaE-function of the CMC.
It returns much better results than imagecolorclosestHWB() or imageColorClosest().

A test-script is online on http://www.fuhrpark-software.de/spielwiese/color.php?color=ffff00

<?php
/*
* Returns the index of the palette-color which is most similar
* to $givenColor.
*
* $givenColor and the colors in $palette should be either
* formatted as (#)rrggbb
* (e. g. "ff0000", "4da4f3" or "#b5d7f3")
* or arrays with values for red, green and blue
* (e. g. $givenColor = array( 0xff, 0x00, 0x00 ) )
*
* References:
* function rgb2lab
*   - http://www.f4.fhtw-berlin.de/~barthel/ImageJ/ImageJ.htm
*
* function rgb2lab & function deltaE
*   - http://www.brucelindbloom.com
*/
function getNearestColor(
 
$givenColor,
 
$palette = array( 'blue' => '43aafd','red' => 'fe6256','green' => '64b949','yellow' => 'fcf357',
   
'black' => '656565','white' => 'fdfdfd','orange' => 'fea800','purple' => '9773fe')
) {
  if(!
function_exists('rgb2lab')) {
    function
rgb2lab($rgb) {
     
$eps = 216/24389; $k = 24389/27;
     
// reference white D50
     
$xr = 0.964221; $yr = 1.0; $zr = 0.825211;

     
$rgb[0] = $rgb[0]/255; //R 0..1
     
$rgb[1] = $rgb[1]/255; //G 0..1
     
$rgb[2] = $rgb[2]/255; //B 0..1

      // assuming sRGB (D65)
     
$rgb[0] = ($rgb[0] <= 0.04045)?($rgb[0]/12.92):pow(($rgb[0]+0.055)/1.055,2.4);
     
$rgb[1] = ($rgb[1] <= 0.04045)?($rgb[1]/12.92):pow(($rgb[1]+0.055)/1.055,2.4);
     
$rgb[2] = ($rgb[2] <= 0.04045)?($rgb[2]/12.92):pow(($rgb[2]+0.055)/1.055,2.4);

     
// sRGB D50
     
$x 0.4360747*$rgb[0] + 0.3850649*$rgb[1] + 0.1430804 *$rgb[2];
     
$y 0.2225045*$rgb[0] + 0.7168786*$rgb[1] + 0.0606169 *$rgb[2];
     
$z 0.0139322*$rgb[0] + 0.0971045*$rgb[1] + 0.7141733 *$rgb[2];

     
$xr = $x/$xr; $yr = $y/$yr; $zr = $z/$zr;

     
$fx = ($xr > $eps)?pow($xr, 1/3):($fx = ($k * $xr + 16) / 116);
     
$fy = ($yr > $eps)?pow($yr, 1/3):($fy = ($k * $yr + 16) / 116);
     
$fz = ($zr > $eps)?pow($zr, 1/3):($fz = ($k * $zr + 16) / 116);

     
$lab = array();
     
$lab[] = round(( 116 * $fy ) - 16);
     
$lab[] = round(500*($fx-$fy));
     
$lab[] = round(200*($fy-$fz));     
      return
$lab;
    }
  }
 
  if(!
function_exists('deltaE')) {
    function
deltaE($lab1, $lab2) {
     
// CMC 1:1
     
$l = 1; $c = 1;
     
     
$c1 = sqrt($lab1[1]*$lab1[1]+$lab1[2]*$lab1[2]);
     
$c2 = sqrt($lab2[1]*$lab2[1]+$lab2[2]*$lab2[2]);
     
     
$h1 = (((180000000/M_PI) * atan2($lab1[1],$lab1[2]) + 360000000) % 360000000)/1000000;

     
$t = (164 <= $h1 AND $h1 <= 345)?(0.56 + abs(0.2 * cos($h1+168))):(0.36 + abs(0.4 * cos($h1+35)));
     
$f = sqrt(pow($c1,4)/(pow($c1,4) + 1900));
     
     
$sl = ($lab1[0] < 16)?(0.511):((0.040975*$lab1[0])/(1 + 0.01765*$lab1[0]));
     
$sc = (0.0638 * $c1)/(1 + 0.0131 * $c1) + 0.638;
     
$sh = $sc * ($f * $t + 1 -$f);
     
      return
sqrt(
       
pow(($lab1[0]-$lab2[0])/($l * $sl),2) +
       
pow(($c1-$c2)/($c * $sc),2) +
       
pow(sqrt(
              (
$lab1[1]-$lab2[1])*($lab1[1]-$lab2[1]) +
              (
$lab1[2]-$lab2[2])*($lab1[2]-$lab2[2]) +
              (
$c1-$c2)*($c1-$c2)
            )/
$sh,2)
      );
    }
  }
 
  if(!
function_exists('str2rgb')) {
    function
str2rgb($str)
    {
     
$str = preg_replace('~[^0-9a-f]~','',$str);
     
$rgb = str_split($str,2);
      for(
$i=0;$i<3;$i++)
       
$rgb[$i] = intval($rgb[$i],16);

      return
$rgb;
    }
  }
 
 
$givenColorRGB = is_array($givenColor?$givenColor:str2rgb($givenColor);

 
$min = 0xffff;
 
$return = NULL;
 
  foreach(
$palette as $key => $color) {
   
$color = is_array($color)?$color:str2rgb($color);
    if(
$min >= ($deltaE = deltaE(rgb2lab($color),rgb2lab($givenColorRGB))))
    {
     
$min = $deltaE;
     
$return = $key;
    }
  }
 
  return
$return;
}
?>
To Top