The SplFileObject class

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7)

소개

The SplFileObject class offers an object oriented interface for a file.

클래스 개요

SplFileObject extends SplFileInfo implements RecursiveIterator , SeekableIterator {
/* 상수 */
const integer DROP_NEW_LINE = 1 ;
const integer READ_AHEAD = 2 ;
const integer SKIP_EMPTY = 4 ;
const integer READ_CSV = 8 ;
/* 메소드 */
public string|array current ( void )
public bool eof ( void )
public bool fflush ( void )
public string fgetc ( void )
public array fgetcsv ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] )
public string fgets ( void )
public string fgetss ([ string $allowable_tags ] )
public bool flock ( int $operation [, int &$wouldblock ] )
public int fpassthru ( void )
public int fputcsv ( array $fields [, string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = '"' [, string $escape = "\" ]]] )
public string fread ( int $length )
public mixed fscanf ( string $format [, mixed &$... ] )
public int fseek ( int $offset [, int $whence = SEEK_SET ] )
public array fstat ( void )
public int ftell ( void )
public bool ftruncate ( int $size )
public int fwrite ( string $str [, int $length ] )
public void getChildren ( void )
public array getCsvControl ( void )
public int getFlags ( void )
public int getMaxLineLen ( void )
public bool hasChildren ( void )
public int key ( void )
public void next ( void )
public void rewind ( void )
public void seek ( int $line_pos )
public void setCsvControl ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] )
public void setFlags ( int $flags )
public void setMaxLineLen ( int $max_len )
public void __toString ( void )
public bool valid ( void )
/* 상속된 메소드 */
public SplFileInfo::__construct ( string $file_name )
public int SplFileInfo::getATime ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getBasename ([ string $suffix ] )
public int SplFileInfo::getCTime ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getExtension ( void )
public SplFileInfo SplFileInfo::getFileInfo ([ string $class_name ] )
public string SplFileInfo::getFilename ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getGroup ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getInode ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getLinkTarget ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getMTime ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getOwner ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getPath ( void )
public SplFileInfo SplFileInfo::getPathInfo ([ string $class_name ] )
public string SplFileInfo::getPathname ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getPerms ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getRealPath ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getSize ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getType ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isDir ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isExecutable ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isFile ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isLink ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isReadable ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isWritable ( void )
public SplFileObject SplFileInfo::openFile ([ string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = false [, resource $context = NULL ]]] )
public void SplFileInfo::setFileClass ([ string $class_name = "SplFileObject" ] )
public void SplFileInfo::setInfoClass ([ string $class_name = "SplFileInfo" ] )
public void SplFileInfo::__toString ( void )
}

예약 상수

SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE

Drop newlines at the end of a line.

SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD

Read on rewind/next.

SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY

Skips empty lines in the file. This requires the READ_AHEAD flag be enabled, to work as expected.

SplFileObject::READ_CSV

Read lines as CSV rows.

변경점

버전 설명
5.3.9 SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY value changed to 4. Previously, value was 6.

Table of Contents

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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70
Lars Gyrup Brink Nielsen
9 years ago
Note that this class has a private (and thus, not documented) property that holds the file pointer. Combine this with the fact that there is no method to close the file handle, and you get into situations where you are not able to delete the file with unlink(), etc., because an SplFileObject still has a handle open.

To get around this issue, delete the SplFileObject like this:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
<?php
print "Declaring file object\n";
$file = new SplFileObject('example.txt');

print
"Trying to delete file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
"Closing file object\n";
$file = null;

print
"Deleting file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
'File deleted!';
?>
---------------------------------------------------------------------

which will output:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Declaring file object
Trying to delete file...

Warning: unlink(example.txt): Permission denied in file.php on line 6
Closing file object
Deleting file...
File deleted!
---------------------------------------------------------------------
up
5
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
8 years ago
If you want to skip blank lines when reading a CSV file, you need *all * the flags:

$file->setFlags(SplFileObject::READ_CSV | SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD | SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY | SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE);
up
-1
rlazarotto15+dont+spam+me at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Complimenting marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk comment, you can also do something like this:

<?php

// create a SplFileObject for reading - note that there are no flags
$file = new SplFileObject('/path/to/file', 'r');

// iterate over its contents
while (!$file->eof()) {
   
// get the current line
   
$line  $file->fgets();

   
// trim it, and then check if its empty
   
if (empty(trim($line))) {
       
// skips the current iteration
       
continue;
    }
}

While
this may seem like a overkill for such thing, it allows you to do some processing with the empty lines that might come (I had to do this mostly because I needed to count empty lines instead of just skipping them). Since it also trims the line before checking if it's empty, you won't get lines composed only of empty spaces (I don't know if the flags also make it trim the content before checking it).
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