(PHP 5 >= 5.5.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

password_needs_rehashVérifie que le hachage fourni est conforme à l'algorithme et aux options spécifiées


password_needs_rehash(string $hash, string|int|null $algo, array $options = []): bool

Cette fonction vérifie que le hachage fourni correspond à l'algorithme et aux options spécifiées. Si ce n'est pas le cas, le hachage devrait être re-généré.

Liste de paramètres


Un hachage créé par la fonction password_hash().


Une constantes de l'algorithme de mot de passe représentant l'algorithme à utiliser lors du hachage du mot de passe.


Un tableau associatif contenant les options. Voir aussi les constantes de l'algorithme de mot de passe pour une documentation sur les options supportées pour chaque algorithme.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne true si le hachage doit être re-généré pour correspondre aux paramètres algo et options fournis, ou false sinon.


Version Description
7.4.0 Le paramètre algo attend désormais une chaîne de caractères, mais continue d'accepter un entier afin de conserver une compatibilité antérieure.


Exemple #1 Usage de password_needs_rehash()


= 'rasmuslerdorf';
$hash = '$2y$10$YCFsG6elYca568hBi2pZ0.3LDL5wjgxct1N8w/oLR/jfHsiQwCqTS';

// Le paramètre cost peut évoluer avec le temps en fonction des améliorations
// matérielles.
$options = array('cost' => 11);

// Vérifions d'abord que le mot de passe correspond au hachage stocké
if (password_verify($password, $hash)) {
// Le hachage correspond, on vérifie au cas où un nouvel algorithme de hachage
// serait disponible ou si le coût a été changé
if (password_needs_rehash($hash, PASSWORD_DEFAULT, $options)) {
// On crée un nouveau hachage afin de mettre à jour l'ancien
$newHash = password_hash($password, PASSWORD_DEFAULT, $options);

// On connecte l'utilisateur

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

php dot net at muer dot nl
9 years ago
nick, this function cannot check if a string is a MD5 or SHA1 hash. It can only tell you if a password, hashed using the password_hash function, needs to be put through the hashing function again to keep up to date with the new defaults.

The only time you can use this function is when your user logs in and you have already checked by means of password_verify that the password entered is actually correct. At that point, if password_needs_rehash returns true, you can put the plain text password through the password_hash function.
nick at nickstallman dot net
10 years ago
ydroneaud this would be used on a login page, not at any other time.

So if you have a site with MD5 passwords for example, and wish to upgrade to SHA256 for additional security you would put this check in the login script.

This function will take a user's hash and say if it is SHA256, if it isn't then you can take the user's password which you still have as plaintext and rehash it as SHA256.

This lets you gradually update the hashes in your database without disrupting any features or resetting passwords.
admin at torntech dot com
9 years ago
Some other use-cases for the password_needs_rehash function is when you have specified using the PASSWORD_DEFAULT algorithm for password_hash.
As mentioned on the Password Hashing Predefined Constants and password_hash pages, the algorithm used by PASSWORD_DEFAULT is subject to change as different versions of PHP are released.
Additionally password_needs_rehash would be used if you have changed the optional cost or static salt (DO NOT USE A STATIC SALT) requirements of your password_hash options.

Full example:


= [
'options' => ['cost' => 11],
'hash' => null

$password = 'rasmuslerdorf';

//stored hash of password
$oldHash = '$2y$07$BCryptRequires22Chrcte/VlQH0piJtjXl.0t1XkA8pw9dMXTpOq';

//verify stored hash against plain-text password
if (true === password_verify($password, $oldHash)) {
//verify legacy password to new password_hash options
if (true === password_needs_rehash($oldHash, $new['algo'], $new['options'])) {
//rehash/store plain-text password using new hash
$newHash = password_hash($password, $new['algo'], $new['options']);

The above example will output something similar to:
geekasylum at google mail
5 years ago
This function can indeed be used to assist in transparently updating legacy passwords (those not using the password_hash() function - eg: perhaps something using MD5 or SHA1)

In legacy sites, when authenticating a user (during login) first check the password using password_verify(). If that fails it may simply be because the user's password hash was created long ago by a legacy or home-brew password algorithm.

You can then re-check the password against the site's legacy password algorithm.  If that fails too, then the login fails, since the supplied password did not authenticate against either the new, or the old password tests.

If any one of those two test was successfull, you know that the password is good so you would then call password_needs_rehash() on the stored hash, and it will properly indicate if the password hash needs to be re-computed, either because it's an unrecognised (legacy) hash or it's a modern hash created by password_hash(), which may just need its cost index updated.

Simply store the recomputed hash in the database and you now have a password_verify() compatible password for that user and the second test can be skipped in future logins (but still check if it needs rehashing).
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