PHP 7.1.0 Released

gmp_strval

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

gmp_strvalConvertit un nombre GMP en chaîne

Description

string gmp_strval ( GMP $gmpnumber [, int $base = 10 ] )

Convertit un nombre GMP en chaîne de caractères, dans la base base. La base par défaut est 10.

Liste de paramètres

gmpnumber

Le nombre GMP qui doit être converti.

Il peut être soit une ressource GMP en PHP 5.5 et antérieurs, soit un objet GMP en PHP 5.6 et suivants, soit une chaîne numérique qu'il est possible de convertir plus tard en un nombre.

base

La base du nombre retourné. Par défaut, vaut 10. Les valeurs possibles vont de 2 à 62 et de -2 à -36.

Valeurs de retour

Le nombre, sous la forme d'une chaîne de caractères.

Historique

Version Description
5.3.2 Le paramètre base a été étendu de "2 à 36", à "2 à 62" et "-2 à -36".

Notes

Note:

Pour utiliser la base étendue introduite en PHP 5.3.2, vous devez compiler PHP avec GMP 4.2.0 ou supérieur.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Convertir un nombre GMP en chaîne de caractères

<?php
$a 
gmp_init("0x41682179fbf5");
printf("Décimal : %s, 36-based : %s"gmp_strval($a), gmp_strval($a,36));
?>

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
0
Nitrogen
1 year ago
It may be worth noting that using gmp_strval can slow your script down a lot with large numbers.

This script for example, produces factorials in succession:
<?php

$start
= microtime(TRUE);

$fact = gmp_init(1, 10);
for(
$i=1;$i<100000;$i++) { // calculates 100,000 factorials
 
$fact = gmp_mul($fact, $i); // $fact is now the result of the $ith factorial
  // gmp_strval($fact, 10); // see below...
 
if(microtime(TRUE)-$start>1) // stop calculating after 1 second
   
break;
}
// print whatever result that took 1 second to complete
printf("\$i = %d\n\$fact = %s\n", gmp_strval($fact, 10));

?>

My server calculates around about the 69,500th factorial on average every time. Uncommenting that gmp_strval line slows this process down dramatically, and only calculates about 5,000 factorials. This is about 14 times longer than before (this is consistent with allowing it to run for any number of seconds, not just 1).

Nitrogen.
up
0
russell dot s dot harper at gmail dot com
6 years ago
A gotcha when using the value from gmp_strval as a key in an associative array. Some numbers are 2^31 are converted to signed integer format, this is usually incorrect.

<?php

$a
= gmp_init('2147483649'); // = 2^31 + 1
$b = gmp_init('3173604585'); // = 2^31 < $b < 2^32

$c = gmp_strval($a);
$d = gmp_strval($b);

$e = array($c => 'c', $d => 'd');

print
'*** Expect '."\n";
print
'Array '."\n".'('."\n".'    ['.$c.'] => c'."\n".'    ['.$d.'] => d'."\n".')'."\n\n";
print
'*** Actual '."\n";
print_r($e);

?>

Output:

*** Expect
Array
(
    [2147483649] => c
    [3173604585] => d
)

*** Actual
Array
(
    [-2147483647] => c
    [3173604585] => d
)

A workaround is to format as base 16 and append '0x' before using as a key.
up
0
php at richardneill dot org
10 years ago
I think it's no longer necessary to worry about trailing nulls. This was fixed in Feb 2002 (see bug 10133)
up
0
caldwell at utm dot NoSpamPlease dot edu
15 years ago
Warning: gmp_strval may return a null terminated string (e.g., gmp_strval(gmp_init(8)) has two characters. This is because gmp is built for speed, so uses estimates based on things it can get quickly, like the number of bits in N. So since 8 is a 4 bit number, it will be allocated ceil(log10(2^4))=ceil(4*0.30103....) = 2 characters. The gmp folks feel it is the caller's responsibility (in this case the PHP interface) to check whether or not all the characters were required.  PHP might have done this for us (and may in the future), but for now, you need to check (if it matters to you--it sure did in my program!).
To Top