SunshinePHP Developer Conference 2015

get_meta_tags

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

get_meta_tagsExtrait toutes les balises méta d'un fichier HTML

Description

array get_meta_tags ( string $filename [, bool $use_include_path = false ] )

get_meta_tags() ouvre le fichier filename et l'analyse ligne par ligne à la recherche de balises "meta". L'analyse cesse lors de la rencontre de la balise </head>.

Liste de paramètres

filename

Le chemin vers un fichier HTML, sous la forme d'une chaîne de caractères. Ce peut être un fichier local ou une URL.

Exemple #1 Ce que la fonction get_meta_tags() analyse

<meta name="author" content="name">
<meta name="keywords" content="php documentation">
<meta name="DESCRIPTION" content="a php manual">
<meta name="geo.position" content="49.33;-86.59">
</head> <!-- cesse l'analyse ici -->
Attention au format des nouvelles lignes : PHP utilise une fonction native pour analyser le fichier, et les fichiers Mac ne seront pas reconnus.

use_include_path

En donnant la valeur de TRUE au paramètre optionnel use_include_path fera que get_meta_tags() recherchera aussi le fichier dans l'include_path. Ce paramètre est utilisé pour des fichiers locaux, non des URLs.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne un tableau contenant toutes les balises méta analysées.

La valeur de la propriété sera utilisée comme clé du tableau, et sa valeur comme valeur correspondante de la clé. Vous pourrez ainsi passer en revue facilement ce tableau avec les fonctions de tableau standard. Les caractères spéciaux présents dans la valeur seront replacés par un souligné ("_"), et le reste est converti en minuscule. Si deux balises méta possèdent le même nom, seule la dernière sera retournée.

Exemples

Exemple #2 Ce que la fonction get_meta_tags() retourne

<?php
// Supposons que les balises ci-dessus sont disponibles sur example.com
$tags get_meta_tags('http://www.example.com/');

// Notez que les clés sont en minuscule, et
// le . a été remplacé par _ dans la clé
echo $tags['author'];       // nom
echo $tags['keywords'];     // documentation php
echo $tags['description'];  // n manuel PHP
echo $tags['geo_position']; // 49.33;-86.59
?>

Notes

Note:

Seules les balises méta avec un attribut name seront parsées. Les guillemets ne sont pas nécessaire.

Voir aussi

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 17 notes

up
3
mariano at cricava dot com
9 years ago
Based on Michael Knapp's code, and adding some regex, here's a function that will get all meta tags and the title based on a URL. If there's an error, it will return false. Using the function getUrlContents(), also included, it takes care of META REFRESH re-directions, following up to the specified number of redirections. Please note that the regular expressions included were split into strings because php.net was complaining about the line being to long ;)

<?php
function getUrlData($url)
{
   
$result = false;
   
   
$contents = getUrlContents($url);

    if (isset(
$contents) && is_string($contents))
    {
       
$title = null;
       
$metaTags = null;
       
       
preg_match('/<title>([^>]*)<\/title>/si', $contents, $match );

        if (isset(
$match) && is_array($match) && count($match) > 0)
        {
           
$title = strip_tags($match[1]);
        }
       
       
preg_match_all('/<[\s]*meta[\s]*name="?' . '([^>"]*)"?[\s]*' . 'content="?([^>"]*)"?[\s]*[\/]?[\s]*>/si', $contents, $match);
       
        if (isset(
$match) && is_array($match) && count($match) == 3)
        {
           
$originals = $match[0];
           
$names = $match[1];
           
$values = $match[2];
           
            if (
count($originals) == count($names) && count($names) == count($values))
            {
               
$metaTags = array();
               
                for (
$i=0, $limiti=count($names); $i < $limiti; $i++)
                {
                   
$metaTags[$names[$i]] = array (
                       
'html' => htmlentities($originals[$i]),
                       
'value' => $values[$i]
                    );
                }
            }
        }
       
       
$result = array (
           
'title' => $title,
           
'metaTags' => $metaTags
       
);
    }
   
    return
$result;
}

function
getUrlContents($url, $maximumRedirections = null, $currentRedirection = 0)
{
   
$result = false;
   
   
$contents = @file_get_contents($url);
   
   
// Check if we need to go somewhere else
   
   
if (isset($contents) && is_string($contents))
    {
       
preg_match_all('/<[\s]*meta[\s]*http-equiv="?REFRESH"?' . '[\s]*content="?[0-9]*;[\s]*URL[\s]*=[\s]*([^>"]*)"?' . '[\s]*[\/]?[\s]*>/si', $contents, $match);
       
        if (isset(
$match) && is_array($match) && count($match) == 2 && count($match[1]) == 1)
        {
            if (!isset(
$maximumRedirections) || $currentRedirection < $maximumRedirections)
            {
                return
getUrlContents($match[1][0], $maximumRedirections, ++$currentRedirection);
            }
           
           
$result = false;
        }
        else
        {
           
$result = $contents;
        }
    }
   
    return
$contents;
}
?>

Here's an example of its usage. Check that the included URL has a META REFRESH redirection:

<?php
$result
= getUrlData('http://www.marianoiglesias.com.ar/');

echo
'<pre>'; print_r($result); echo '</pre>';

?>

For the above code the output would be:

<?php
Array
(
    [
title] => Mariano Iglesias: El Eternauta   
   
[metaTags] => Array
        (
            [
description] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="description" content="Java, PHP, and some other technological mumble jumble. Also, some real-life stuff as well." />
                    [
value] => Java, PHP, and some other technological mumble jumble. Also, some real-life stuff as well.
                )

            [
DC.title] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="DC.title" content="Mariano Iglesias - Weblog" />
                    [
value] => Mariano Iglesias - Weblog
               
)

            [
ICBM] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="ICBM" content="-34.6017, -58.3956" />
                    [
value] => -34.6017, -58.3956
               
)

            [
geo.position] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="geo.position" content="-34.6017;-58.3956" />
                    [
value] => -34.6017;-58.3956
               
)

            [
geo.region] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="geo.region" content="AR-BA">
                    [
value] => AR-BA
               
)

            [
geo.placename] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="geo.placename" content="Buenos Aires">
                    [
value] => Buenos Aires
               
)

        )

)
?>
up
5
roganty at gmail dot com
8 years ago
This is a slight amendment to jimmyxx at gmail dot com function

I tried using the regex displayed in his code, and php threw up a couple of errors

Below is the correct regular expression that works
(Please note that I had to split the regex into strings because php.net was complaining about the line being to long)
<?php
preg_match_all
(
  
"|<meta[^>]+name=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]" . "+content=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]+>|i",
  
$html, $out,PREG_PATTERN_ORDER);
?>

The problem was due to the quotes being incorrectly escaped.
I hope this helps anyone who has been having problems with his code
up
1
tim dot bennett at haveaniceplay dot com
9 years ago
If you want to get the contents of tags other than meta you can use:

<?php

$page
= "http://www.mysite.com/apage.php";

   
// tags
   
$start = '<atag>';
   
$end = '<\/atag>';

   
// open the file
   
$fp = fopen( $page, 'r' );

   
$cont = "";

   
// read the contents
   
while( !feof( $fp ) ) {
       
$buf = trim( fgets( $fp, 4096 ) );
       
$cont .= $buf;
    }
   
   
// get tag contents
   
preg_match( "/$start(.*)$end/s", $cont, $match );

   
// tag contents
   
$contents = $match[ 1 ];

?>
up
1
richard at pifmagazine dot com
14 years ago
An Important Note about META tags and this function :  if your META tag contains newline "\n"  characters, get_meta_tags() will return a NULL value for that name property.  Removing the newlines from the source META tag corrects the problem.
up
0
richard dot dern at athaliasoft dot fr
1 year ago
I personally experienced less issues using the DOM functions than regular expressions while trying to fetch meta tags and not using get_meta_tags function (in order to get http-equiv meta tags too).

<?php

$doc
= new DOMDocument();
$doc->loadHTML($html);

$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);

$nodes = $xpath->query('//head/meta');

foreach(
$nodes as $node) {
    [...]
}

?>
up
0
Ebpo
1 year ago
Be aware that the function looks for the metatags in the whole page. If one of the meta is commented in your code for some reason, it will still be grabed.
up
0
jstel at 126 dot com
5 years ago
this function could get each meta of html content , and stripped all js and css.

<?php
function get_meta_data($content)
{
   
$content = strtolower($content);
   
$content = preg_replace("'<style[^>]*>.*</style>'siU",'',$content);  // strip js
   
$content = preg_replace("'<script[^>]*>.*</script>'siU",'',$content); // strip css
   
$split = explode("\n",$content);
    foreach (
$split as $k => $v)
    {
        if (
strpos(' '.$v,'<meta')) {
            
preg_match_all(
"/<meta[^>]+(http\-equiv|name)=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]" . "+content=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]*>/i",
$v, $split_content[],PREG_PATTERN_ORDER);;
        }
    }
    return
$split_content;
}
?>
up
0
diel at caroes dot be
6 years ago
Quick meta data grabber
[code]
if(get_meta_tags('http://'.$_POST['pagina'])){
        print '<font class="midden">Meta data from http://'.$_POST['pagina'].'</font>';
        $metadata = get_meta_tags('http://'.$_POST['pagina']);
        echo '<table width="100%">';
        print '<tr><td>Meta</td><td>Waarde</td></tr>';
        foreach($metadata as $naam => $waarde){
            echo '<tr><td valign="top">'.$naam.'</td><td>'.$waarde.'</td></tr>';
        }
        print '</table>';
    }else{
        print '
        <div class="red_h">Incorrect</div>
        ';
    }
[/code]
up
0
Michael Knapp
9 years ago
Tim's code is good (thanks Tim), except it won't work very well if the tag is part of a long non-breaking string.

E.g. try getting the title from Google Maps (http://www.google.com/maps).

A better solution is:

<?php
$title
= "";
   
if (
$fp = @fopen( $_POST['url'], 'r' )) {

   
$cont = "";
   
   
// read the contents
   
while( !feof( $fp ) ) {
      
$buf = trim(fgets( $fp, 4096 )) ;
      
$cont .= $buf;
    }

   
// get tag contents
   
@preg_match( "/<title>([a-z 0-9]*)<\/title>/si", $cont, $match );
   
   
// tag contents
   
$title = strip_tags(@$match[ 1 ]);
}

?>

Note the strip_tags. Another thing to be careful of is to check for ", <, and >. You will need to strip those out if you are posting the output to a form.

Also, it is probably best to use the /i modifier, because some people might code <TITLE> etc...
up
0
rehfeld
9 years ago
in response to
jp at webgraphe dot com

this function grabs meta tags, not http headers

if you need the headers

<?php

$fp
= fopen('http://example.org/somepage.html', 'r');

// the variable $http_response_header magically appears
print_r($http_response_header);

// or
$meta_data = stream_get_meta_data($fp);
print_r($meta_data);

?>
up
0
jp at webgraphe dot com
10 years ago
If the URL is doing a redirection using the headers (like you would do with PHP function header("Location: URL");), the page has no content (in general). It appears get_meta_tags() doesn't catch that kind of redirection (like cURL would do) and it lead me to a timeout of my script.

I experienced this in a spider I wrote in order to feed my database of all available pages on my site and one link was linking to a page that simply has the following code:

<?php
  header
("Location: sections.php?section=home");
  exit();
?>

That made my script hang for a moment and apparently, get_meta_tags() wasn't even able to return me an error.

JP.
up
0
Anonymous
12 years ago
Tested PHP 4.0.6

get_meta_tags() seems to look only in the beginning of a file, meaning that e.g. if there is a lot of PHP code before the HTML header it will return nothing ...
Tested using get_meta_tags() on local files with about 9000 characters of PHP code before HTML HEADER.

Workaround: if possible move code after header or if not: include a file.
up
0
Ben dot Davis at furman dot edu
13 years ago
I have found that for large searches, get_meta_tags is very slow.  I created a large search engine for a website that couldnt use a database and I first tried pulling out the meta tags. 
I have found that it is actually much faster to use eregi to pull out the meta tags.  This code below pulls out the description:

if (eregi ("<meta name=\"description\" content=[^>]*", $contents, $descresult))
                                {
                                    $description = explode("<meta name=\"description\" content=", $descresult[0]);
                                    echo "<font face=\"Arial\" size=2>$description[1]</font>";
                                   
                                }
up
0
richard at pifmagazine dot com
14 years ago
Something that is not mentioned above and should be : When using get_meta_tags on a remote PHP page the page will be parsed before the meta tags are returned - so you can capture meta tags generated dynamically (by PHP??) on the remote end.

This DOES NOT work the same way when getting meta tags on local file systems.  Local files are not parsed through the web server before returning to get_meta_tags().  If the META tag is hard-coded into the page, you'll be fine - but if it dynamically generated you will not be able to capture it unless you use the full URL when calling your local files.
up
-1
Antonio - Malaga
5 years ago
It's not work if meta syntax not have trailing slash.
up
-1
jimmyxx at gmail dot com
9 years ago
I used this as part of my mini php search based search engine - it really slowed the whole thing down. I wrote this function to read HTML (just fetch the file or use something like snoopy) and extract the meta data via a simple regex, works a treat and made my crawler much faster:

<?php

function get_meta_data($html) {

   
preg_match_all(
   
"|<meta[^>]+name=\\"([^\\"]*)\\"[^>]+content=\\"([^\\"]*)\\"[^>]+>|i"$html, $out,PREG_PATTERN_ORDER);

    for (
$i=0;$i < count($out[1]);$i++) {
       
// loop through the meta data - add your own tags here if you need
       
if (strtolower($out[1][$i]) == "keywords") $meta['keywords'] = $out[2][$i];
        if (
strtolower($out[1][$i]) == "description") $meta['description'] = $out[2][$i];
    }

return
$meta;   
}

?>
up
-1
doob_ at gmx dot de
5 years ago
<?php

/*
** Extracts and formats meta tag content
*/

function get_meta_data($url, $searchkey='') {   
   
$data = get_meta_tags($url);    // get the meta data in an array
   
foreach($data as $key => $value) {
        if(
mb_detect_encoding($value, 'UTF-8, ISO-8859-1', true) != 'ISO-8859-1') {    // check whether the content is UTF-8 or ISO-8859-1
           
$value = utf8_decode($value);    // if UTF-8 decode it
       
}
       
$value = strtr($value, get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES));    // mask the content
       
if($searchkey != '') {    // if only one meta tag is in demand e.g. 'description'
           
if($key == $searchkey) {
               
$str = $value;    // just return the value
           
}
        } else {   
// all meta tags
           
$pattern = '/ |,/i';    // ' ' or ','
           
$array = preg_split($pattern, $value, -1, PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY);    // split it in an array, so we have the count of words           
           
$str .= '<p><span style="display:block;color:#000000;font-weight:bold;">' . $key . ' <span style="font-weight:normal;">(' . count($array) . ' words | ' . strlen($value) . ' chars)</span></span>' . $value . '</p>';    // format data with count of words and chars
       
}
    }
    return
$str;
}

$content .= get_meta_data("http://www.example.com/");
/*
output looks like this:

description (23 words | 167 chars)
SELFHTML 8.1.2 - Die bekannte Dokumentation zu HTML, JavaScript und CGI/Perl - Tutorial und Referenz, mit etlichen Zusatztips zu Design, Grafik, Projektverwaltung usw.

keywords (13 words | 119 chars)
SELFHTML, HTML, Dynamic HTML, JavaScript, CGI, Perl, Grafik, WWW-Seiten, Web-Seiten, Hilfe, Dokumentation, Beschreibung

etc.

*/

$content .= get_meta_data("http://www.example.com/", "description");
/*
output looks like this:

SELFHTML 8.1.2 - Die bekannte Dokumentation zu HTML, JavaScript und CGI/Perl - Tutorial und Referenz, mit etlichen Zusatztips zu Design, Grafik, Projektverwaltung usw.
*/

?>
To Top