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get_class_vars

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

get_class_varsRetourne les valeurs par défaut des propriétés d'une classe

Description

array get_class_vars ( string $class_name )

Retourne les valeurs par défaut des propriétés d'une classe.

Liste de paramètres

class_name

Le nom de la classe

Valeurs de retour

Retourne un tableau associatif contenant les noms/valeurs des propriétés visibles dans le scope courant, avec leurs valeurs par défaut. Les éléments du tableau résultant sont sous la forme varname => value. En cas d'erreur, la fonction retournera FALSE.

Historique

Version Description
5.0.3 En fonction du contexte, get_class_vars() ne retourne que les propriétés qui sont accessibles depuis ce contexte.
5.0.2 Appeler get_class_vars() produit toutes les propriétés sous la forme d'un tableau, contrairement au comportement précédent où les propriétés privées et protégées étaient préfixées par des caractères null.
5.0.1 Appeler get_class_vars() retourne toutes les propriétés, exactement comme lors de la conversion d'un objet en tableau.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec get_class_vars()

<?php

class myclass {

    var 
$var1// pas de valeur par défaut...
    
var $var2 "xyz";
    var 
$var3 100;
    private 
$var4// PHP 5

    // constructeur
    
function myclass() {
        
// changement de quelques propriétés
        
$this->var1 "foo";
        
$this->var2 "bar";
        return 
true;
    }

}

$my_class = new myclass();

$class_vars get_class_vars(get_class($my_class));

foreach (
$class_vars as $name => $value) {
    echo 
"$name : $value\n";
}

?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

// Avant PHP 4.2.0
var2 : xyz
var3 : 100

// Depuis PHP 4.2.0
var1 :
var2 : xyz
var3 : 100

Exemple #2 Exemple avec get_class_vars() et les contextes

<?php
function format($array)
{
    return 
implode('|'array_keys($array)) . "\r\n";
}

class 
TestCase
{
    public 
$a 1;
    protected 
$b 2;
    private 
$c 3;

    public static function 
expose()
    {
        echo 
format(get_class_vars(__CLASS__));
    }
}

TestCase::expose();
echo 
format(get_class_vars('TestCase'));
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

// 5.0.0
a| * b| TestCase c
a| * b| TestCase c

// 5.0.1 - 5.0.2
a|b|c
a|b|c

// 5.0.3 +
a|b|c
a

Voir aussi

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User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
4
rec at NOSPAM dot instantmassacre dot com
11 years ago
If you want to retrieve the class vars from within the class itself, use $this.

<?php
class Foo {

    var
$a;
    var
$b;
    var
$c;
    var
$d;
    var
$e;

    function
GetClassVars()
    {
        return
array_keys(get_class_vars(get_class($this))); // $this
   
}

}

$Foo = new Foo;

$class_vars = $Foo->GetClassVars();

foreach (
$class_vars as $cvar)
{
    echo
$cvar . "<br />\n";
}
?>

Produces, after PHP 4.2.0, the following:

a
b
c
d
e
up
3
bof at bof dot de
2 years ago
I needed to get only the class static variables, leaving out instance variables.

<?php
function get_static_vars($class) {
   
$result = array();
    foreach (
get_class_vars($class) as $name => $default)
        if (isset(
$class::$$name))
           
$result[$name] = $default;
    return
$result;
}
?>

That function returns only the public ones. The same pattern can be used inside a class, then it returns private and protected static variables, too:

<?php
static protected function get_static_vars($class = NULL) {
    if (!isset(
$class)) $class = get_called_class();
   
$result = array();
    foreach (
get_class_vars($class) as $name => $default)
        if (isset(
$class::$$name))
           
$result[$name] = $default;
    return
$result;
}
?>
up
1
artktec at art-k-tec dot com
6 years ago
There seems to be be a function to get constants missing , i.e. get_class_constants() ... so here is a simple function for you all. Hopefully Zend will include this in the next round as a native php call, without using reflection.

<?php
  
function GetClassConstants($sClassName) {
     
$oClass = new ReflectionClass($sClassName);
      return
$oClass->getConstants());
   }
?>
up
1
alan_k at php dot net
9 years ago
in PHP5 to get all the vars (including private etc.) use:

$reflection = new ReflectionClass($class);
$defaults = $reflection->getdefaultProperties();
up
1
ken at verango dot com
3 years ago
All 3 of get_object_vars, get_class_vars and reflection getDefaultProperties will reveal the name of the array.  For serialization I recommend:

<?php
$cName
= get_class($this);
$varTemplate= get_class_vars($cName)
foreach (
$varTemplate as $name => $defaultVal) {
 
$vars[$name] = $this->$name; // gets actual val.
}
?>

No scan the $vars and create serialization string how you wish.

This protects against erroneous prior deserializing in maintaining the integrity of the class template and ignoring unintended object properties.
up
1
ianitsky at gmail dot com
4 years ago
If you need get the child protected/private vars ignoring the parent vars, use like this:

<?php
class childClass extends parentClass {
    private
$login;
    private
$password;
   
    public function
__set($key, $val) {
        if (
$key == 'password')
           
$this->$key = md5($val);
        else
           
$this->$key = $val;
    }
}
class
parentClass {
    public
$name;
    public
$email;
   
    function
__construct() {
       
$reflection = new ReflectionClass($this);
       
$vars = array_keys($reflection->getdefaultProperties());
       
$reflection = new ReflectionClass(__CLASS__);
       
$parent_vars = array_keys($reflection->getdefaultProperties());
       
       
$my_child_vars = array();
        foreach (
$vars as $key) {
            if (!
in_array($key, $parent_vars)) {
               
$my_child_vars[] = $key;
            }
        }
       
       
print_r($my_child_vars);
    }
}

$child_class = new childClass();
?>
up
1
harmor
5 years ago
So I wanted to get a list of the public parameters in a child class using a static function pre-5.3.0 (< 5.3.0).  In 5.3.0+ you would use the new 'static' like you would 'self' to get the late binding.

<?php
class childClass extends parentClass
{
    public
$id;
    public
$name;   

    public static function
getFields()
    {
        return
self::_getFields(__CLASS__);
    }
   
}
abstract class
parentClass
{
    public
$idInParent;
    public
$nameInParent;
   
    abstract public static function
getFields();
   
    final protected static function
_getFields($className)
    {
       
$rtn = array();
        foreach (
array_keys(get_class_vars($className)) as $var) {
           
$rtn[] = $var;           
        }
        return
$rtn;
    }
   
}

var_dump(childClass::getFields());
?>

Results:
array(4) {
  [0]=>
  string(2) "id"
  [1]=>
  string(4) "name"
  [2]=>
  string(10) "idInParent"
  [3]=>
  string(12) "nameInParent"
}
up
0
ciantic
2 years ago
I propse following for getting Public members, always:
<?PHP
if (!function_exists("get_public_class_vars")) {
    function
get_public_class_vars($class) {
        return
get_class_vars($class);
    }
}
if (!
function_exists("get_public_object_vars")) {
    function
get_public_object_vars($object) {
        return
get_object_vars($object);
    }
}
?>

This is to mitigate the problem and a feature that get_object_vars($this) returns private members. Running it simply outside the scope will get the public.

Iterating public members only and their defaults are enormously useful in e.g. in serialization classes such as options where each public member is an serializable that is saved and loaded.
up
0
php dot net at sharpdreams dot com
8 years ago
Contrary to multiple comments throughout the manual, get_class_vars() performed within a class can access any public, protected, and private members.

<?php
class Foo {
   public
$x;
   protected
$y;
   private
$z;
   public function
__sleep() {
      return(
get_class_vars( __CLASS__ ) );
   }
}
?>

works fine (returns x, y, & z). However, given the same class as above,

<?php
print_r
( get_class_vars( "Foo" ) );
?>

will NOT return x, y, & z. Instead it will only return the public members (in our case, z).
up
-1
Mattias Ahlbck
2 years ago
get_class_vars_assoc()
- Returns an associative array with name of (parent) class(es) as key(s) and corresponding class vars as sub-arrays. My boilerplate for some crude O/R mapping.

Note: vars re-defined in sub-classes are ignored.

<?php

class GrandClass {
    public
$grandVar;
    public
$in_grand_and_parent;
    public
$in_grand_and_child;
   
   
    public static function
load() {
       
print_r(self::get_class_vars_assoc());
    }
   
    protected static function
get_class_vars_assoc() {
       
$called = get_called_class();
       
//echo "called: $called \n";
       
$classVars[$called] = array_keys(get_class_vars($called));
       
       
$parent = get_parent_class($called);
        while (
$parent !== FALSE ) {
           
//echo "parent: $parent \n";
           
$classVars[$parent] = array_keys(get_class_vars($parent));
           
$classVars[$called] = array_diff($classVars[$called],
                                            
$classVars[$parent]);
            if ( isset(
$prevParentVars) ) {
               
$prevParentVars = array_diff($prevParentVars,
                                            
$classVars[$parent]);
            }
           
           
$prevParentVars = &$classVars[$parent];
           
$parent = get_parent_class($parent);
        }
       
        return
$classVars;
    }
}

class
ParentClass extends GrandClass {
    public
$in_grand_and_parent;
    public
$parentVar;
    public
$in_parent_and_child;
}

class
ChildClass extends ParentClass {
    public
$in_grand_and_child;
    public
$in_parent_and_child;
    public
$childVar;
}

ChildClass::load();

?>

Array
(
    [ChildClass] => Array
        (
            [2] => childVar
        )

    [ParentClass] => Array
        (
            [1] => parentVar
            [2] => in_parent_and_child
        )

    [GrandClass] => Array
        (
            [0] => grandVar
            [1] => in_grand_and_parent
            [2] => in_grand_and_child
        )

)
up
-1
pBakhuis at Gmail dot com
2 years ago
If you need the variables before the class is included this function does not seem to work.
Use a reflection class to get around this.
http://www.php.net/reflectionclass
up
-1
bernd at tiggerswelt dot net
7 years ago
If you assign a constant value using the self-scope by default to a variable, get_class_vars() will result in a FATAL error.

Example:

<?PHP

 
class Foo {
    const
Bar = "error";
   
    public
$Foo = self::Bar;
  }
 
 
print_r(get_class_vars("Foo"));

?>

... but using "Foo::Bar" instead "self::Bar" will work ;)
up
-1
gizmobits at hotmail dot com
8 years ago
I wanted a simple ToString() function that was automatic and class independent.  I wanted to dump it into any of several classes and get values quickly.  I wanted to leave it there so I could customize it for each class, so an outside function wasn't suitable.  I came up with this and thought it might be useful.  Have fun!

<?php
 
function ToString () {
   
$s = "";
   
$s .= "<table>\n";
   
$s .= "<tr><td colspan=2><hr></td></tr>\n";
    foreach (
get_class_vars(get_class($this)) as $name => $value) {
     
$s .= "<tr><td>$name:</td><td>" . $this->$name . "</td></tr>\n";
    }
   
$s .= "<tr><td colspan=2><hr></td></tr>\n";
   
$s .= "</table>\n";
    return
$s;
  }

?>
up
-2
phpnet at stccorp dot net
7 years ago
This is one of the best php functions. Look at what you can do

class Object
{
   var $updtFields;//keep track of affected values
   function Object($record="") {
       if (is_array($record))
       {
          $this->updtFields = array();
          foreach(array_keys(get_class_vars(get_class($this))) as $k)
          if (isset($record[$k]))
         {
          $this->$k = $record[$k];
          $this->updtFields[] = $k;
         }
      }   
   }//end of arrayToObject
      
   function toDebug($nl='<br>')
   {
       foreach(array_keys(get_class_vars(get_class($this))) as $k)
       echo "$k = [" . $this->$k . "]{$nl}";
    }//end of toDebug 
}

Now you can do really cool things. If you have a form like
<form action="" method="post">
  <input type="text" name="name" />
  <input type="text" name="phone" />
  <input type="submit" />
</form>

and you define your class like this
class Person extends Object{
  var $name; //same same as in the form
  var $phone;
}

when you submmit the form, you can get the data like

$person = new Person($_POST);

//everything in just one line,cool!! Also if you use pear db or adodb when you get data from the database you can do the same thing except use the $row that you get from the database. Remember to ask the result is associative mode.

This is my core Object for everthing I do and it works great.
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