PHP 5.6.0beta1 released


(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

dba_handlersListe les gestionnaires DBA disponibles


array dba_handlers ([ bool $full_info = false ] )

dba_handlers() retourne un tableau avec tous les gestionnaires supportés par cette extension.

Liste de paramètres


Active l'affiche de toutes les informations dans le résultat.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne un tableau de gestionnaires disponibles. Si full_info est défini à TRUE, le tableau sera associé avec les noms des gestionnaires en tant que clés, et les informations en tant que valeurs. Sinon, le résultat sera un tableau indexé par les noms des gestionnaires.


Lorsque la bibliothèque interne cdb est utilisée, vous devez voir avec cdb and cdb_make.


Exemple #1 Exemple avec dba_handlers()

echo "Gestionnaires DBA disponibles :\n";
foreach (
dba_handlers(true) as $handler_name => $handler_version) {
// clean the versions
$handler_version str_replace('$'''$handler_version);
" - $handler_name$handler_version\n";

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher quelque chose de similaire à :

Gestionnaires DBA disponibles :
 - cdb: 0.75, Revision: 
 - cdb_make: 0.75, Revision: 
 - db2: Sleepycat Software: Berkeley DB 2.7.7: (08/20/99)
 - inifile: 1.0, Revision: 
 - flatfile: 1.0, Revision: 

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

cbemerine at gmail dot com
4 years ago
A quick way to see which DBA handlers, without version numbers, that have been built into your version of MySQL on your system, use var_dump with dba_handler() as follows:

( "dba_handlers()" );

Many distros build in these DBA Handlers by default:
array(5) { [0]=>  string(3) "cdb" [1]=>  string(8) "cdb_make" [2]=>  string(3) "db4" [3]=>  string(7) "inifile" [4]=>  string(8) "flatfile" }

using print and pre tags for readability:

array(5) {


  string(3) "cdb"


  string(8) "cdb_make"


  string(3) "db4"


  string(7) "inifile"


  string(8) "flatfile"


Note there are issues with dba_insert and dba_replace without building for either GDBM or QDBM.
  Here are two sources for the list of DBA handlers: ( and; )

CDBM & CDB compiles have issues with updates, you can read databases and write new database files, but you will be prevented from using dba_replace() and you may have issues with dba_insert().

NDBM & DBM are depreciated.

DB2, DB3 & DB4 (Berkeley DB Sleepycat Software / Oracle)  Have read online about issues with dba_replace() and db4 specifically. Make sure you test your installation for correct usage of all DBA functions.

SDBM, TDB, TinyCDB were not listed on most of the sources I have found online.  Those DBA handlers and the names of the developers were listed on the QDBM source forge site.  How they interact with dba_replace() I do not know.  You should be aware of their existence. 

GDBM and QDBM are the only other two DBA handlers I am aware of.  Both are reported to allow PHP's dba_replace() function to work correctly so either may be an acceptable option.  The following three restrictions of traditional DBM are not issues for either GDBM or QDBM: 1) a process can handle only one database;  2) the size of a key and a value is bounded;   3) a database file is sparse.

DBA handler benchmark compares QDBM, GDBM, NDBM, SDBM, TDB, CDB, BDB, QDBM-BT-ASC, QDBM-BT-RND, BDB-BT-ASC, BDB-BT-RND can be found here: (;

QDBM seems to offer significant improvements in speed over the other DBA Handlers, test in your environment to verify the results.
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