La classe SplFileObject

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0)

Introduction

La classe SplFileObject offre une interface orientée objet pour un fichier.

Synopsis de la classe

SplFileObject extends SplFileInfo implements RecursiveIterator , SeekableIterator {
/* Constantes */
const integer DROP_NEW_LINE = 1 ;
const integer READ_AHEAD = 2 ;
const integer SKIP_EMPTY = 4 ;
const integer READ_CSV = 8 ;
/* Méthodes */
public __construct ( string $filename [, string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = false [, resource $context ]]] )
public string|array current ( void )
public bool eof ( void )
public bool fflush ( void )
public string fgetc ( void )
public array fgetcsv ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] )
public string fgets ( void )
public string fgetss ([ string $allowable_tags ] )
public bool flock ( int $operation [, int &$wouldblock ] )
public int fpassthru ( void )
public int fputcsv ( array $fields [, string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = '"' ]] )
public string fread ( int $length )
public mixed fscanf ( string $format [, mixed &$... ] )
public int fseek ( int $offset [, int $whence = SEEK_SET ] )
public array fstat ( void )
public int ftell ( void )
public bool ftruncate ( int $size )
public int fwrite ( string $str [, int $length ] )
public void getChildren ( void )
public array getCsvControl ( void )
public int getFlags ( void )
public int getMaxLineLen ( void )
public bool hasChildren ( void )
public int key ( void )
public void next ( void )
public void rewind ( void )
public void seek ( int $line_pos )
public void setCsvControl ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] )
public void setFlags ( int $flags )
public void setMaxLineLen ( int $max_len )
public void __toString ( void )
public bool valid ( void )
/* Méthodes héritées */
public SplFileInfo::__construct ( string $file_name )
public int SplFileInfo::getATime ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getBasename ([ string $suffix ] )
public int SplFileInfo::getCTime ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getExtension ( void )
public SplFileInfo SplFileInfo::getFileInfo ([ string $class_name ] )
public string SplFileInfo::getFilename ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getGroup ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getInode ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getLinkTarget ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getMTime ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getOwner ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getPath ( void )
public SplFileInfo SplFileInfo::getPathInfo ([ string $class_name ] )
public string SplFileInfo::getPathname ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getPerms ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getRealPath ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getSize ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getType ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isDir ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isExecutable ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isFile ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isLink ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isReadable ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isWritable ( void )
public SplFileObject SplFileInfo::openFile ([ string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = false [, resource $context = NULL ]]] )
public void SplFileInfo::setFileClass ([ string $class_name ] )
public void SplFileInfo::setInfoClass ([ string $class_name ] )
public void SplFileInfo::__toString ( void )
}

Constantes pré-définies

SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE

Supprime les nouvelles lignes à la fin d'une ligne.

SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD

Lecture sur rewind/next.

SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY

Ignore les lignes vierges du fichier. Ceci nécessite l'activation du drapeau READ_AHEAD afin de fonctionner comme attendu.

SplFileObject::READ_CSV

Lit les lignes en tant que lignes CSV.

Historique

Version Description
5.3.9 La valeur de SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY est maintenant de 4. Précédemment, la valeur était de 6.

Sommaire

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
23
Lars Gyrup Brink Nielsen
1 year ago
Note that this class has a private (and thus, not documented) property that holds the file pointer. Combine this with the fact that there is no method to close the file handle, and you get into situations where you are not able to delete the file with unlink(), etc., because an SplFileObject still has a handle open.

To get around this issue, delete the SplFileObject like this:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
<?php
print "Declaring file object\n";
$file = new SplFileObject('example.txt');

print
"Trying to delete file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
"Closing file object\n";
$file = null;

print
"Deleting file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
'File deleted!';
?>
---------------------------------------------------------------------

which will output:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Declaring file object
Trying to delete file...

Warning: unlink(example.txt): Permission denied in file.php on line 6
Closing file object
Deleting file...
File deleted!
---------------------------------------------------------------------
up
0
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
2 months ago
If you want to skip blank lines when reading a CSV file, you need *all * the flags:

$file->setFlags(SplFileObject::READ_CSV | SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD | SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY | SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE);
To Top