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La classe ReflectionClass

(PHP 5, PHP 7)

Introduction

La classe ReflectionClass rapporte des informations sur une classe.

Synopsis de la classe

ReflectionClass implements Reflector {
/* Constantes */
const integer IS_IMPLICIT_ABSTRACT = 16 ;
const integer IS_EXPLICIT_ABSTRACT = 32 ;
const integer IS_FINAL = 64 ;
/* Propriétés */
public $name ;
/* Méthodes */
public __construct ( mixed $argument )
public static string export ( mixed $argument [, bool $return = false ] )
public mixed getConstant ( string $name )
public array getConstants ( void )
public ReflectionMethod getConstructor ( void )
public array getDefaultProperties ( void )
public string getDocComment ( void )
public int getEndLine ( void )
public ReflectionExtension getExtension ( void )
public string getExtensionName ( void )
public string getFileName ( void )
public array getInterfaceNames ( void )
public array getInterfaces ( void )
public ReflectionMethod getMethod ( string $name )
public array getMethods ([ int $filter ] )
public int getModifiers ( void )
public string getName ( void )
public string getNamespaceName ( void )
public object getParentClass ( void )
public array getProperties ([ int $filter ] )
public ReflectionProperty getProperty ( string $name )
public string getShortName ( void )
public int getStartLine ( void )
public array getStaticProperties ( void )
public mixed getStaticPropertyValue ( string $name [, mixed &$def_value ] )
public array getTraitAliases ( void )
public array getTraitNames ( void )
public array getTraits ( void )
public bool hasConstant ( string $name )
public bool hasMethod ( string $name )
public bool hasProperty ( string $name )
public bool implementsInterface ( string $interface )
public bool inNamespace ( void )
public bool isAbstract ( void )
public bool isAnonymous ( void )
public bool isCloneable ( void )
public bool isFinal ( void )
public bool isInstance ( object $object )
public bool isInstantiable ( void )
public bool isInterface ( void )
public bool isInternal ( void )
public bool isIterateable ( void )
public bool isSubclassOf ( string $class )
public bool isTrait ( void )
public bool isUserDefined ( void )
public object newInstance ( mixed $args [, mixed $... ] )
public object newInstanceArgs ([ array $args ] )
public object newInstanceWithoutConstructor ( void )
public void setStaticPropertyValue ( string $name , string $value )
public string __toString ( void )
}

Propriétés

name

Nom de la classe. En lecture seule, émets une exception de type ReflectionException si l'on tente d'y écrire.

Constantes pré-définies

Modificateurs de ReflectionClass

ReflectionClass::IS_IMPLICIT_ABSTRACT

Indique si la classe est abstraite en raison du fait qu'elle contient quelques méthodes abstraites.

ReflectionClass::IS_EXPLICIT_ABSTRACT

Indique si la classe est abstraite en raison de sa définition.

ReflectionClass::IS_FINAL

Indique si la classe est finale.

Sommaire

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
20
danbettles at yahoo dot co dot uk
7 years ago
To reflect on a namespaced class in PHP 5.3, you must always specify the fully qualified name of the class - even if you've aliased the containing namespace using a "use" statement.

So instead of:

<?php
use App\Core as Core;
$oReflectionClass = new ReflectionClass('Core\Singleton');
?>

You would type:

<?php
use App\Core as Core;
$oReflectionClass = new ReflectionClass('App\Core\Singleton');
?>
up
11
Anonymous
3 years ago
Reflecting an alias will give you a reflection of the resolved class.

<?php

class X {
   
}

class_alias('X','Y');
class_alias('Y','Z');
$z = new ReflectionClass('Z');
echo
$z->getName(); // X

?>
up
13
Anonymous
5 years ago
Unserialized reflection class cause error.

<?php
/**
* abc
*/
class a{}

$ref = new ReflectionClass('a');
$ref = unserialize(serialize($ref));
var_dump($ref);
var_dump($ref->getDocComment());

// object(ReflectionClass)#2 (1) {
//   ["name"]=>
//   string(1) "a"
// }
// PHP Fatal error:  ReflectionClass::getDocComment(): Internal error: Failed to retrieve the reflection object
?>
up
-5
YoungOfCthulhu
1 year ago
It is also possible to do reflection from within the class and get the methods for instance.

<?php

class test
{
    private
$test = "";

    public function
setTest($test)
    {
       
$this->test = $test;
        return
$this;
    }

    public function
getTest()
    {
        return
$this->test;
    }
   
    public function
run(){
       
$class = new ReflectionClass('test');
       
$methods = $class->getMethods();
       
var_dump($methods);
    }
}

Called from another php file you get the proper result:
array(
3) {
  [
0]=>
  &
object(ReflectionMethod)#3 (2) {
   
["name"]=>
   
string(8) "setTest"
   
["class"]=>
   
string(4) "test"
 
}
  [
1]=>
  &
object(ReflectionMethod)#4 (2) {
   
["name"]=>
   
string(8) "getTest"
   
["class"]=>
   
string(4) "test"
 
}
  [
2]=>
  &
object(ReflectionMethod)#5 (2) {
   
["name"]=>
   
string(3) "run"
   
["class"]=>
   
string(4) "test"
 
}
}
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