PHP 5.5.16 is released

Buffered and Unbuffered queries

Queries are using the buffered mode by default. This means that query results are immediately transferred from the MySQL Server to PHP and is then kept in the memory of the PHP process. This allows additional operations like counting the number of rows, and moving (seeking) the current result pointer. It also allows issuing further queries on the same connection while working on the result set. The downside of the buffered mode is that larger result sets might require quite a lot memory. The memory will be kept occupied till all references to the result set are unset or the result set was explicitly freed, which will automatically happen during request end the latest. The terminology "store result" is also used for buffered mode, as the whole result set is stored at once.

Note:

When using libmysqlclient as library PHP's memory limit won't count the memory used for result sets unless the data is fetched into PHP variables. With mysqlnd the memory accounted for will include the full result set.

Unbuffered MySQL queries execute the query and then return a resource while the data is still waiting on the MySQL server for being fetched. This uses less memory on the PHP-side, but can increase the load on the server. Unless the full result set was fetched from the server no further queries can be sent over the same connection. Unbuffered queries can also be referred to as "use result".

Following these characteristics buffered queries should be used in cases where you expect only a limited result set or need to know the amount of returned rows before reading all rows. Unbuffered mode should be used when you expect larger results.

Because buffered queries are the default, the examples below will demonstrate how to execute unbuffered queries with each API.

Example #1 Unbuffered query example: mysqli

<?php
$mysqli  
= new mysqli("localhost""my_user""my_password""world");
$uresult $mysqli->query("SELECT Name FROM City"MYSQLI_USE_RESULT);

if (
$uresult) {
   while (
$row $uresult->fetch_assoc()) {
       echo 
$row['Name'] . PHP_EOL;
   }
}
$uresult->close();
?>

Example #2 Unbuffered query example: pdo_mysql

<?php
$pdo 
= new PDO("mysql:host=localhost;dbname=world"'my_user''my_pass');
$pdo->setAttribute(PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_USE_BUFFERED_QUERYfalse);

$uresult $pdo->query("SELECT Name FROM City");
if (
$uresult) {
   while (
$row $uresult->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC)) {
       echo 
$row['Name'] . PHP_EOL;
   }
}
?>

Example #3 Unbuffered query example: mysql

<?php
$conn 
mysql_connect("localhost""my_user""my_pass");
$db   mysql_select_db("world");

$uresult mysql_unbuffered_query("SELECT Name FROM City");
if (
$uresult) {
   while (
$row mysql_fetch_assoc($uresult)) {
       echo 
$row['Name'] . PHP_EOL;
   }
}
?>
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debasiss at mindfiresolutions dot com
1 year ago
mysql_unbuffered_query() is no more supporting, so only option is MySQLi or PDO
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