PHPKonf: Istanbul PHP Conference 2017


(PECL imagick 2.0.0)

Imagick::thumbnailImageChanges the size of an image


bool Imagick::thumbnailImage ( int $columns , int $rows [, bool $bestfit = false [, bool $fill = false ]] )

Changes the size of an image to the given dimensions and removes any associated profiles. The goal is to produce small, low cost thumbnail images suited for display on the Web. If TRUE is given as a third parameter then columns and rows parameters are used as maximums for each side. Both sides will be scaled down until they match or are smaller than the parameter given for the side.

Note: The behavior of the parameter bestfit changed in Imagick 3.0.0. Before this version given dimensions 400x400 an image of dimensions 200x150 would be left untouched. In Imagick 3.0.0 and later the image would be scaled up to size 400x300 as this is the "best fit" for the given dimensions. If bestfit parameter is used both width and height must be given.



Image width


Image height


Whether to force maximum values

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success.


Throws ImagickException on error.


Example #1 Imagick::thumbnailImage()

function thumbnailImage($imagePath) {
$imagick = new \Imagick(realpath($imagePath));
$imagick->setbackgroundcolor('rgb(64, 64, 64)');
header("Content-Type: image/jpg");


add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 7 notes

4 years ago
If the 3rd parameter is true, the image will be resized in such a way that it’ll be contained within the dimensions mentioned.
It’s like changing the dimensions of the image so that it can be contained in a box of given dimension.

Eg: Image’s dimension is 1600*800. If we use thumbnailImage(400, 400, true), the new image’s dimension will be 400*200.

Some of the previous notes in this page mentions that the image is resized proportionally so that its _smallest_ dimension matches the width or height specified, NOT both.
But this is not the case now. Both width & height of the image will be <= that mentioned in thumbnailImage().
Maybe imagick changed/updated the functionality.
jarrod at jarrodchristman dot com
5 years ago
Even though thumbnailImage is meant to produce the smallest file size image possible, i found it didn't. I put together this code and bordering different compression settings, found it produced the smallest file size:

// Max vert or horiz resolution

// create new Imagick object
$image = new Imagick('input_image_filename_and_location');

// Resizes to whichever is larger, width or height
if($image->getImageHeight() <= $image->getImageWidth())
// Resize image using the lanczos resampling algorithm based on width
// Resize image using the lanczos resampling algorithm based on height

// Set to use jpeg compression
// Set compression level (1 lowest quality, 100 highest quality)
// Strip out unneeded meta data
// Writes resultant image to output directory
// Destroys Imagick object, freeing allocated resources in the process


I found setCompression to not function at all and had to use setImageCompression. The stripImage call is needed and strips out unneeded meta data. You can choose whatever filter you want, but i found lanczos to be the best for image reduction, though it is more computationally heavy.
web at johnbaldock dot com
4 years ago
When shrinking a jpg you can get more then double the performance if you use <?php $image->setOption('jpeg:size', '800x532') ?>, exchanging 800x532 to the resolution you want the final image to be. For instance instead of this:

= new Imagick('foo.jpg');

You would use this:

= new Imagick();
$image->setOption('jpeg:size', '800x532');
8 years ago
Here is a function to calculate the new dimensions of a thumbnail, to fit within the given dimensions on both sides.

* Calculate new image dimensions to new constraints
* @param Original X size in pixels
* @param Original Y size in pixels
* @return New X maximum size in pixels
* @return New Y maximum size in pixels
function scaleImage($x,$y,$cx,$cy) {
//Set the default NEW values to be the old, in case it doesn't even need scaling
//If image is generally smaller, don't even bother
if ($x>=$cx || $y>=$cx) {
//Work out ratios
if ($x>0) $rx=$cx/$x;
        if (
$y>0) $ry=$cy/$y;
//Use the lowest ratio, to ensure we don't go over the wanted image size
if ($rx>$ry) {
        } else {
//Calculate the new size based on the chosen ratio
//Return the results
return array($nx,$ny);

Use it like this:

//Read original image and create Imagick object
$thumb=new Imagick($originalImageFilename);

//Work out new dimensions

//Scale the image

//Write the new image to a file
raybdbomb . gmail
9 years ago
As noted here
With either of the params as 0, the aspect ratio is maintained.
n-sw-bit at ya dot ru
8 years ago
If you want to resize your picture to fit smallest parameter:

$fitbyWidth = (($maxWidth/$w)<($maxHeight/$h)) ?true:false;

    $im->thumbnailImage($maxWidth, 0, false);
    $im->thumbnailImage(0, $maxHeight, false);
sgarner at expio dot co dot nz
9 years ago
With $fit == true, the image is resized proportionally so that its _smallest_ dimension matches the width or height specified, NOT both.

For example, if you say thumbnailImage(400, 400, true), on an image of 1600x800, it will be resized to 800x400, NOT 400x200 as you might expect.

The solution is to compare the original image's dimensions to the specified dimensions, and substitute zero for the smaller dimension, and set $fit = false.

i.e.: thumbnailImage(400, 0, false) would resize that 1600x800 image to 400x200.
To Top