PHP Unconference Europe 2015

GearmanClient::doNormal

(No version information available, might only be in Git)

GearmanClient::doNormalRun a single task and return a result

Description

public string GearmanClient::doNormal ( string $function_name , string $workload [, string $unique ] )

Runs a single task and returns a string representation of the result. It is up to the GearmanClient and GearmanWorker to agree on the format of the result.

Parameters

function_name

A registered function the worker is to execute

workload

Serialized data to be processed

unique

A unique ID used to identify a particular task

Return Values

A string representing the results of running a task.

Examples

Example #1 Simple job submission with immediate return

<?php

?>
<?php

# Client code

echo "Starting\n";

# Create our client object.
$gmclient= new GearmanClient();

# Add default server (localhost).
$gmclient->addServer();

echo 
"Sending job\n";

$result $gmclient->doNormal("reverse""Hello!");

echo 
"Success: $result\n";

?>
<?php

echo "Starting\n";

# Create our worker object.
$gmworker= new GearmanWorker();

# Add default server (localhost).
$gmworker->addServer();

# Register function "reverse" with the server. Change the worker function to
# "reverse_fn_fast" for a faster worker with no output.
$gmworker->addFunction("reverse""reverse_fn");

print 
"Waiting for job...\n";
while(
$gmworker->work())
{
  if (
$gmworker->returnCode() != GEARMAN_SUCCESS)
  {
    echo 
"return_code: " $gmworker->returnCode() . "\n";
    break;
  }
}

function 
reverse_fn($job)
{
  return 
strrev($job->workload());
}

?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Starting
Sending job
Success: !olleH

Example #2 Submitting a job and retrieving incremental status

A job is submitted and the script loops to retrieve status information. The worker has an artificial delay which results in a long running job and sends status and data as processing occurs. Each subsequent call to GearmanClient::doNormal() produces status information on the running job.

<?php

# Client code

# Create our client object.
$gmclient= new GearmanClient();

# Add default server (localhost).
$gmclient->addServer();

echo 
"Sending job\n";

# Send reverse job
do
{
  
$result $gmclient->doNormal("reverse""Hello!");
  
# Check for various return packets and errors.

  
switch($gmclient->returnCode())
  {
    case 
GEARMAN_WORK_DATA:
      echo 
"Data: $result\n";
      break;
    case 
GEARMAN_WORK_STATUS:
      list(
$numerator$denominator)= $gmclient->doStatus();
      echo 
"Status: $numerator/$denominator complete\n";
      break;
    case 
GEARMAN_WORK_FAIL:
      echo 
"Failed\n";
      exit;
    case 
GEARMAN_SUCCESS:
      break;
    default:
      echo 
"RET: " $gmclient->returnCode() . "\n";
      echo 
"Error: " $gmclient->error() . "\n";
      echo 
"Errno: " $gmclient->getErrno() . "\n";
      exit;
  }
}
while(
$gmclient->returnCode() != GEARMAN_SUCCESS);

echo 
"Success: $result\n";

?>
<?php

# Worker code

echo "Starting\n";

# Create our worker object.
$gmworker= new GearmanWorker();

# Add default server (localhost).
$gmworker->addServer();

# Register function "reverse" with the server.
$gmworker->addFunction("reverse""reverse_fn");

print 
"Waiting for job...\n";
while(
$gmworker->work())
{
  if (
$gmworker->returnCode() != GEARMAN_SUCCESS)
  {
    echo 
"return_code: " $gmworker->returnCode() . "\n";
    break;
  }
}

function 
reverse_fn($job)
{
  echo 
"Received job: " $job->handle() . "\n";

  
$workload $job->workload();
  
$workload_size $job->workloadSize();

  echo 
"Workload: $workload ($workload_size)\n";

  
# This status loop is not needed, just showing how it works
  
for ($x0$x $workload_size$x++)
  {
    echo 
"Sending status: " $x "/$workload_size complete\n";
    
$job->sendStatus($x+1$workload_size);
    
$job->sendData(substr($workload$x1));
    
sleep(1);
  }

  
$resultstrrev($workload);
  echo 
"Result: $result\n";

  
# Return what we want to send back to the client.
  
return $result;
}

?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Worker output:

Starting
Waiting for job...
Received job: H:foo.local:106
Workload: Hello! (6)
1/6 complete
2/6 complete
3/6 complete
4/6 complete
5/6 complete
6/6 complete
Result: !olleH

Client output:

Starting
Sending job
Status: 1/6 complete
Data: H
Status: 2/6 complete
Data: e
Status: 3/6 complete
Data: l
Status: 4/6 complete
Data: l
Status: 5/6 complete
Data: o
Status: 6/6 complete
Data: !
Success: !olleH

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

up
-1
fastest963 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
do() or doNormal() will block until the job is accepted by the worker. Looping is only necessary if you care about the response from the job. Use setTimeout() to control how long PHP will block.

If it does timeout, it throws a PHP Warning:
PHP Warning:  GearmanClient::do(): _client_do(GEARMAN_TIMEOUT) occured during gearman_client_run_tasks() -> libgearman/client.cc:174
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