strnatcmp

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

strnatcmpString comparisons using a "natural order" algorithm

Description

int strnatcmp ( string $str1 , string $str2 )

This function implements a comparison algorithm that orders alphanumeric strings in the way a human being would, this is described as a "natural ordering". Note that this comparison is case sensitive.

Parameters

str1

The first string.

str2

The second string.

Return Values

Similar to other string comparison functions, this one returns < 0 if str1 is less than str2; > 0 if str1 is greater than str2, and 0 if they are equal.

Examples

An example of the difference between this algorithm and the regular computer string sorting algorithms (used in strcmp()) can be seen below:

<?php
$arr1 
$arr2 = array("img12.png""img10.png""img2.png""img1.png");
echo 
"Standard string comparison\n";
usort($arr1"strcmp");
print_r($arr1);
echo 
"\nNatural order string comparison\n";
usort($arr2"strnatcmp");
print_r($arr2);
?>

The above example will output:

Standard string comparison
Array
(
    [0] => img1.png
    [1] => img10.png
    [2] => img12.png
    [3] => img2.png
)

Natural order string comparison
Array
(
    [0] => img1.png
    [1] => img2.png
    [2] => img10.png
    [3] => img12.png
)
For more information see: Martin Pool's » Natural Order String Comparison page.

See Also

  • preg_match() - Perform a regular expression match
  • strcasecmp() - Binary safe case-insensitive string comparison
  • substr() - Return part of a string
  • stristr() - Case-insensitive strstr
  • strcmp() - Binary safe string comparison
  • strncmp() - Binary safe string comparison of the first n characters
  • strncasecmp() - Binary safe case-insensitive string comparison of the first n characters
  • strnatcasecmp() - Case insensitive string comparisons using a "natural order" algorithm
  • strstr() - Find the first occurrence of a string
  • natsort() - Sort an array using a "natural order" algorithm
  • natcasesort() - Sort an array using a case insensitive "natural order" algorithm

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
2
thomas at uninet dot se
8 years ago
There seems to be a bug in the localization for strnatcmp and strnatcasecmp. I searched the reported bugs and found a few entries which were up to four years old (but the problem still exists when using swedish characters).

These functions might work instead.
<?php
function _strnatcasecmp($left, $right) {
  return
_strnatcmp(strtolower($left), strtolower($right));
}

function
_strnatcmp($left, $right) {
  while((
strlen($left) > 0) && (strlen($right) > 0)) {
    if(
preg_match('/^([^0-9]*)([0-9].*)$/Us', $left, $lMatch)) {
     
$lTest = $lMatch[1];
     
$left = $lMatch[2];
    } else {
     
$lTest = $left;
     
$left = '';
    }
    if(
preg_match('/^([^0-9]*)([0-9].*)$/Us', $right, $rMatch)) {
     
$rTest = $rMatch[1];
     
$right = $rMatch[2];
    } else {
     
$rTest = $right;
     
$right = '';
    }
   
$test = strcmp($lTest, $rTest);
    if(
$test != 0) {
      return
$test;
    }
    if(
preg_match('/^([0-9]+)([^0-9].*)?$/Us', $left, $lMatch)) {
     
$lTest = intval($lMatch[1]);
     
$left = $lMatch[2];
    } else {
     
$lTest = 0;
    }
    if(
preg_match('/^([0-9]+)([^0-9].*)?$/Us', $right, $rMatch)) {
     
$rTest = intval($rMatch[1]);
     
$right = $rMatch[2];
    } else {
     
$rTest = 0;
    }
   
$test = $lTest - $rTest;
    if(
$test != 0) {
      return
$test;
    }
  }
  return
strcmp($left, $right);
}
?>

The code is not optimized. It was just made to solve my problem.
up
-8
Zero
3 years ago
If you want to compare $_SESSION variables to a string use this

<?php
if(isset($_SESSION['usertype']))
{   
     echo
"usertype " .$_SESSION['usertype'];
               
    
$ut = $_SESSION['usertype'];
               
     if(
strnatcmp($ut,"admin"))
     {
          echo
"hello admin";
     }
}
?>
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