func_get_arg

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

func_get_argReturn an item from the argument list

Description

func_get_arg ( int $arg_num ) : mixed

Gets the specified argument from a user-defined function's argument list.

This function may be used in conjunction with func_get_args() and func_num_args() to allow user-defined functions to accept variable-length argument lists.

Parameters

arg_num

The argument offset. Function arguments are counted starting from zero.

Return Values

Returns the specified argument, or FALSE on error.

Errors/Exceptions

Generates a warning if called from outside of a user-defined function, or if arg_num is greater than the number of arguments actually passed.

Examples

Example #1 func_get_arg() example

<?php
function foo()
{
     
$numargs func_num_args();
     echo 
"Number of arguments: $numargs\n";
     if (
$numargs >= 2) {
         echo 
"Second argument is: " func_get_arg(1) . "\n";
     }
}

foo(123);
?>

The above example will output:

Number of arguments: 3
Second argument is: 2

Example #2 func_get_arg() example before and after PHP 5.3

test.php
<?php
function foo() {
    include 
'./fga.inc';
}

foo('First arg''Second arg');
?>

fga.inc
<?php

$arg 
func_get_arg(1);
var_export($arg);

?>

Output previous to PHP 5.3:

'Second arg'

Output in PHP 5.3 and later:

Warning: func_get_arg():  Called from the global scope - no function
context in /home/torben/Desktop/code/ml/fga.inc on line 3
false

Example #3 func_get_arg() example of byref and byval arguments

<?php
function byVal($arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
}

function 
byRef(&$arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
}

$arg 'bar';
byVal($arg);
byRef($arg);
?>

Output of the above example in PHP 7:


As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'baz'
As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'baz'

Output of the above example in PHP 5:


As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'bar'
As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'baz'

Notes

Note:

Because this function depends on the current scope to determine parameter details, it cannot be used as a function parameter in versions prior to 5.3.0. If this value must be passed, the results should be assigned to a variable, and that variable should be passed.

Note:

If the arguments are passed by reference, any changes to the arguments will be reflected in the values returned by this function. As of PHP 7 the current values will also be returned if the arguments are passed by value.

Note: This function returns a copy of the passed arguments only, and does not account for default (non-passed) arguments.

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
6
beta3designs [at] gmail [dot] com
11 years ago
This functions seems so powerful... just when i saw it i thought about writing a fast average of n numbers function so here it is, it is very simple... example usage included.

<?php

//Calculate the average of the numbers given

function avg(){
   
$sum = 0;
    for(
$i = 0; $i < func_num_args(); $i++){
       
$sum += func_get_arg($i);
    }
   
$avg = $sum / func_num_args();
    return
$avg;
}

echo
sprintf("%.2f",avg(2,1,2,1,3,4,5,1,3,6));
?>
up
0
mightye (at) mightye (dot) org
16 years ago
func_get_arg() returns a *copy* of the argument, to my knowledge there is no way to retrieve references to a variable number of arguments.

I have a module system in my game at http://lotgd.net where I'd like to be able to pass a variable number of arguments to functions in a module, and pass them by reference if the module asks for it by reference, but you can't accept optional parameters as references, nor can you retrieve the reference on a variable number of arguments.  Looks like my modules will have to do with out the ability to accept parameters to their functions by reference.
up
-2
mw atto lanfear dotto com
15 years ago
func_get_arg() does not appear to be allowed to be used as a function argument itself within class constructors in PHP 5.0.2 (wonk-ay!!!):

<?php

class ABC
{
    function
__construct()
    {
        foreach (
func_get_args() as $name => $value)
        {
    echo <<<EOT
    <br/>
   
$name : $value <br/>
    <br/>

EOT;
        }
    }
}

class
DEF extends ABC
{
    function
__construct()
    {
       
parent::__construct(func_get_arg(0),
                                   
func_get_arg(1),
                                   
func_get_arg(2));
    }
}

$def = new DEF(123123, "asdfasdf", "blahblahblah");

?>

The above script generates:

Fatal error: func_get_arg(): Can't be used as a function parameter in c:\Inetpub\wwwroot\phpwasrc\chapter10\xxx.php on line 23

There are, however, no problems when passing these as parameters to regular functions.
up
-2
anders at ingemann dot fakestuff dot de
16 years ago
I actually think that there is need for such "do absolutely everything" functions. I use them mostly as tools for rapid prototyping.
And there is a method with which you may be able to pass several strings to a function: ereg();
Another use for such functions is to create little code snippets for other people out there. They won't have to edit the function any longer if they do not use a parameter. They just don't name it when calling the function.
This results in allrounder functions that are very robust in their use.Normally you just have a little code snippet (e.g. ip-blocking snippets). Through this type of programming you have whole functions.
To Top