odbc_primarykeys

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

odbc_primarykeysGets the primary keys for a table

Beschreibung

resource odbc_primarykeys ( resource $connection_id , string $qualifier , string $owner , string $table )

Returns a result identifier that can be used to fetch the column names that comprise the primary key for a table.

Parameter-Liste

connection_id

Eine ODBC-Verbindungsressource, siehe odbc_connect() für Details.

qualifier

owner

table

Rückgabewerte

Returns an ODBC result identifierIm Fehlerfall wird FALSE zurückgegeben..

The result set has the following columns:

  • TABLE_QUALIFIER
  • TABLE_OWNER
  • TABLE_NAME
  • COLUMN_NAME
  • KEY_SEQ
  • PK_NAME

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

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ewilde aht bsmdevelopment dawt com
8 years ago
I was trying to find the primary keys from an SQLServer database through the ODBC interface.  Funnily enough, the odbc_primarykeys function doesn't work with SQLServer (at least not my implementation of it).  Fortunately, the sp_keys query is passed through and the answer returned.  This code works (providing you know which database you're dealing with, which is a whole 'nother story).

// If this is SQLServer, we need to do a special operation to get the
// primary keys.
//
// Looks like the implementers of the ODBC interface just blew this
// one off, since the database has a query to return the info and the
// info even comes back with the same column names.
if ($DBType == "SQLServer")
  $KeySel = odbc_exec($DBConn, "sp_pkeys ".$TableName);

// Otherwise, ask the database through ODBC for the primary key
// names.
else $KeySel = odbc_primarykeys($DBConn, $DatabaseName,
  $DatabaseUser, $TableName);

while ($KeySel && ($KeyRec = odbc_fetch_array($KeySel)))
  $KeyCol[$KeyRec["KEY_SEQ"]] = $KeyRec["COLUMN_NAME"];
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dan dot scott at ca dot ibm dot com
10 years ago
Responding to devendra_joshi:

In DB2 Universal Database for Linux, UNIX, and Windows the catalog views are accessed through the SYSCAT schema, not the SYSIBM schema -- so you should be issuing "SELECT * FROM SYSCAT.KEYCOLUSE" to list all of the columns that participate in a given key constraint.

A complete list of the catalog views for DB2 can be referenced at http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/db2help/ by searching for 'catalog views' and selecting the top hit.
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Rio Bautista (RRIT)
10 years ago
Sample to get the primary keys of an MSSQL table:

$cn = odbc_connect( "DSN", "sa", "pwd");

$rs = odbc_primarykeys( $cn, "database", "dbo", "table_name");

odbc_result_all($rs);
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devendra_joshi at hotmail dot com
11 years ago
I want a list of primary keys of a table in db2

by using
'select * from SYSIBM.SYSKEYCOLUSE ' query i am getting the result on CLP
but when i am writing it in PHP as follows it returns 0 ROWS.

$mstmt="select * from SYSIBM.SYSKEYCOLUSE";
$b=odbc_exec($conn,$mstmt);
echo odbc_result_all($b);

where as  if we write this code

$mstmt="select * from SYSIBM.SYSFUNCTIONS";
$b=odbc_exec($conn,$mstmt);
echo odbc_result_all($b);

it returns the correct data.
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