oci_new_descriptor

(PHP 5, PECL OCI8 >= 1.1.0)

oci_new_descriptorInitializes a new empty LOB or FILE descriptor

Beschreibung

OCI-Lob oci_new_descriptor ( resource $connection [, int $type = OCI_DTYPE_LOB ] )

Allocates resources to hold descriptor or LOB locator.

Parameter-Liste

connection

An Oracle connection identifier, returned by oci_connect() or oci_pconnect().

type

Valid values for type are: OCI_DTYPE_FILE, OCI_DTYPE_LOB and OCI_DTYPE_ROWID.

R├╝ckgabewerte

Returns a new LOB or FILE descriptor on success, FALSE on error.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 oci_new_descriptor() example

<?php
/* This script is designed to be called from a HTML form.
 * It expects $user, $password, $table, $where, and $commitsize
 * to be passed in from the form.  The script then deletes
 * the selected rows using the ROWID and commits after each
 * set of $commitsize rows. (Use with care, there is no rollback)
 */
$conn oci_connect($user$password);
$stmt oci_parse($conn"select rowid from $table $where");
$rowid oci_new_descriptor($connOCI_D_ROWID);
oci_define_by_name($stmt"ROWID"$rowid);
oci_execute($stmt);
while (
oci_fetch($stmt)) {
    
$nrows oci_num_rows($stmt);
    
$delete oci_parse($conn"delete from $table where ROWID = :rid");
    
oci_bind_by_name($delete":rid"$rowid, -1OCI_B_ROWID);
    
oci_execute($delete);
    echo 
"$nrows\n";
    if ((
$nrows $commitsize) == 0) {
        
oci_commit($conn);
    }
}
$nrows oci_num_rows($stmt);
echo 
"$nrows deleted...\n";
oci_free_statement($stmt);
oci_close($conn);
?>
<?php
    
/* This script demonstrates file upload to LOB columns
     * The formfield used for this example looks like this
     * <form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
     * <input type="file" name="lob_upload" />
     * ...
     */
  
if (!isset($lob_upload) || $lob_upload == 'none'){
?>
<form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
Upload file: <input type="file" name="lob_upload" /><br />
<input type="submit" value="Upload" /> - <input type="reset" value="Reset" />
</form>
<?php
  
} else {

     
// $lob_upload contains the temporary filename of the uploaded file

     // see also the features section on file upload,
     // if you would like to use secure uploads

     
$conn oci_connect($user$password);
     
$lob oci_new_descriptor($connOCI_D_LOB);
     
$stmt oci_parse($conn"insert into $table (id, the_blob)
               values(my_seq.NEXTVAL, EMPTY_BLOB()) returning the_blob into :the_blob"
);
     
oci_bind_by_name($stmt':the_blob'$lob, -1OCI_B_BLOB);
     
oci_execute($stmtOCI_DEFAULT);
     if (
$lob->savefile($lob_upload)){
        
oci_commit($conn);
        echo 
"Blob successfully uploaded\n";
     }else{
        echo 
"Couldn't upload Blob\n";
     }
     
$lob->free();
     
oci_free_statement($stmt);
     
oci_close($conn);
  }
?>

Beispiel #2 oci_new_descriptor() example

<?php
/* Calling PL/SQL stored procedures which contain clobs as input
 * parameters (PHP 4 >= 4.0.6).
 * Example PL/SQL stored procedure signature is:
 *
 * PROCEDURE save_data
 *   Argument Name                  Type                    In/Out Default?
 *   ------------------------------ ----------------------- ------ --------
 *   KEY                            NUMBER(38)              IN
 *   DATA                           CLOB                    IN
 *
 */

$conn oci_connect($user$password);
$stmt oci_parse($conn"begin save_data(:key, :data); end;");
$clob oci_new_descriptor($connOCI_D_LOB);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt':key'$key);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt':data'$clob, -1OCI_B_CLOB);
$clob->write($data);
oci_execute($stmtOCI_DEFAULT);
oci_commit($conn);
$clob->free();
oci_free_statement($stmt);
?>

Anmerkungen

Hinweis:

In PHP versions before 5.0.0 you must use ocinewdescriptor() instead. This name still can be used, it was left as alias of oci_new_descriptor() for downwards compatability. This, however, is deprecated and not recommended.

Siehe auch

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 14 notes

up
1
kirt at diagonalsoftware dot com
8 years ago
Here is an example of retrieving a CLOB as an output parameter from a stored procedure. This is a bit hack-y and maybe there's a cleaner way to do this, but I couldn't find one. The following definitely works with Oracle 9:

// the query to call the procedure, which includes declaring the
// output parameter and assigning the result to a variable to be bound.
$qry = '
declare clob_out clob;
begin
  myprocedure(someparam_in, clob_out);
  :myclob := clob_out;
end;
';

// parse the query and bind the 'myclob' variable
$sth = OCIParse($conn,$qry);
$myclob = OCINewDescriptor($conn,OCI_D_LOB);
OCIBindByName($sth,":myclob",$myclob,-1,OCI_B_CLOB);

OCIExecute($sth);

// display the results
echo $myclob->load();
up
1
<Serg Petrenko> pserg at inkfrog dot com
8 years ago
How to insert big XML data as CLOB into table with XMLType field.

<?php

//CREATE TABLE sometable(
//id number(8) not null,
//record XMLType
//) XMLTYPE COLUMN record STORE AS OBJECT RELATIONAL
//XMLSCHEMA "someschema" ELEMENT "some_element";
//

$sql = "INSERT INTO sometable(id, record) VALUES(some_sequqnce.nextval, sys.xmltype.createxml(:rec)) RETURNING ID INTO :rid";
$stmt = OCIParse($ora_conn,$sql);
$clob = OCINewDescriptor($ora_conn, OCI_D_LOB);
$rowid = OCINewDescriptor($ora_conn,OCI_D_ROWID);
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':rec', &$clob, -1,OCI_B_CLOB);
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':rid', $rowid, -1);
$clob->WriteTemporary($xml,OCI_TEMP_CLOB);
$success = OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
if(!
$success) {
OCICommit($ora_conn);
}
OCIFreeStatement($stmt);
OCIFreeDesc($lob);

?>

I hope it will help :)
up
0
ajitsingh4u at gmail dot com
5 years ago
<?php
// calling stored procedure to get clob data type (we use to get xml from oracle)

error_reporting(E_ALL ^ E_NOTICE);

$conn = oci_connect($user, $password);
       
$sql = "BEGIN sp_employee_xml_data_select(:result); END;";
$stmt = oci_parse($conn , $sql);

$objClob = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ':result', $objClob, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);

oci_execute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
$xmlData = $objClob->load($result);

$objClob->free();
oci_free_statement($stmt);

echo
$xmlData;

?>
up
0
cyrill@_malevanov_dot_spb_dot_ru
9 years ago
Passing CLOB to stored procedure and retrieve CLOB too (function lobinout(a in clob) return clob)

<?
    error_reporting
(1+2+4+8);
   
$conn = OCILogon('batdtd', 'batdtd', 'batxml');
   
   
$lobin = OCINewDescriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
   
$lobout = OCINewDescriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
   
   
$stmt = OCIParse($conn, "declare rs clob; begin :rs := lobinout(:par); end;");
   
$lob_data = 'abcdefgh';
   
    echo
"binding lobin...";
   
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':par', $lobin, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
   
    echo
"done<br>binding rs...";
   
   
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':rs', $lobout, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
   
    echo
"done<br>writing temp lob...";
            
// here we pass data to func
   
$lobin -> WriteTemporary($lob_data);
    echo
"done<br>executing...";
   
   
OCIExecute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
            
// here we load data returned from func
   
echo "done<br>rs = ".$lobout->load();
   
OCICommit($conn);
   
$lobin -> free();
   
$lobout -> free();
   
OCIFreeStatement($stmt);
   
OCILogoff($conn);
?>
up
0
cjbj at hotmail dot com
10 years ago
In PHP5 the way Example 2 passes a CLOB bind variable as an input
parameter to a PL/SQL procedure can be extended to BLOBs.

The critical change is:

    OCIBindByName($stmt, ':data', $blob, -1, OCI_B_BLOB);
    $blob->WriteTemporary($data, OCI_B_BLOB);

This doesn't work for me in PHP4.  I believe it is because the
implementation of OCIWriteTemporaryLob() always binds as a CLOB.
(This is true as of php4-STABLE-200403170230).  In PHP5 the interface
has changed and a type parameter is permitted.
up
0
Nathan Rogers
10 years ago
I found another method of inserting/updating lob data.  It works the same was as passing lob parameters to a stored procedure and avoids the need for a RETURNING clause.
    $lob = OCINewDescriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
    $stmt = OCIParse($conn,"insert into $table (id, the_blob)
               values(my_seq.NEXTVAL, :the_blob)");
    OCIBindByName($stmt, ':the_blob', &$lob, -1, OCI_B_BLOB);
    $lob->WriteTemporary($data);
    OCIExecute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
    $lob->close();
    $lob->free();
    OCICommit($conn);

There are some cases involving triggers where you can't use a RETURNING clause, so this method can come in handy.  The case where I needed it was updating a view that had an instead-of update trigger.
up
0
Maxwell_Smart (at) ThePentagon (dot) com
10 years ago
Just a note. When INSERTing a CLOB, if a VALUES clause is used, Oracle notes: You cannot initialize an internal LOB attribute in an object with a value other than empty or null. That is, you cannot use a literal.

That's why all the examples here INSERT an EMPTY_CLOB(), and use RETURNING to grab the pointer.

However, a CLOB can also be INSERTed via a SELECT statement, and that won't require any descriptors.

Example:

$Clob = Str_Replace("'", "''", $Clob);

OCIParse($DB, "INSERT INTO My_Table (My_Clob) SELECT '$Clob' FROM Dual");

This, of course, allows the use of a WHERE clause as well.
up
0
tca at engineer dot com
11 years ago
Two examples of retrieving CLOBs from the database.  They are almost identical.  The first is using a package(and cursor) which is how I interface to Oracle at work, and the second is using straight SQL, which most people post examples in.

I also convert the case from upper to lower, since that is how I prefer to work with assoc arrays...

Instead of using the get_class() function you could use the OCIColumnType() function which (in this case) would return 'CLOB' as a result...

/**
* Example 1
*
* Using a PL/SQL package and cursor
*
*/
$cursor=':p_cur';
$sql2="begin clobPackage.getClob($cursor); end;";
$curs=OCINewCursor($conn);
$stmt=OCIParse($conn,$sql2);
OCIBindByName($stmt,$cursor,&$curs,-1,OCI_B_CURSOR);
OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
OCIExecute($curs,OCI_DEFAULT);
$x=0;
while(OCIFetch($curs)){
  $cols=OCINumCols($curs);
  for($i=1;$i<=$cols;$i++){
    $column_name=OCIColumnName($curs,$i);
    if(is_object($tmp=OCIResult($curs,$i))&&get_class($tmp)=='OCI-Lob'){
      $column_value=$tmp->load();
    }else{
      $column_value=$tmp;
    }
    $result[$x][strtolower($column_name)]=trim($column_value);
  }
  $x++;
}
OCICommit($conn);

/**
* Example 2
*
* Using a SELECT
*
*/
$query="SELECT a_num, a_clob FROM clob_test";
$stmt=OCIParse($conn,$query);
OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
$x=0;
while(OCIFetch($stmt)){
  $ncols=OCINumCols($stmt);
  for($i=1;$i<=$ncols;$i++){
    $column_name=OCIColumnName($stmt,$i);
    if(is_object($tmp=OCIResult($curs,$i))&&get_class($tmp)=='OCI-Lob'){
      $column_value=$tmp->load();
    }else{
      $column_value=$tmp;
    }
    $result[$x][strtolower($column_name)]=trim($column_value);
  }
  $x++;
}
OCICommit($conn);

I hope someone finds this useful.

Cheers,
Keith.
up
0
sozturk at emediamillworks dot com
12 years ago
I had the same problem with updating the lobs with shorter content as in one of the notes above. The addition of "\0" at the end of the replacement text didn't help either. But the following worked perfectly:

$sql = "UPDATE sometable SET lob_col = EMPTY_LOB() WHERE key_col = $key RETURNING lob_col INTO :lob";
$stmt = OCIParse($conn,$sql);
$lob = OCINewDescriptor($conn,OCI_D_LOB);
OCIBindByName($stmt,':lob',&$lob,-1,OCI_B_BLOB);
OCIExecute($stmt,OCI_DEFAULT);
$lob->save($sometext);
$lob->free();
up
0
aidanpeiser at yahoo dot com
12 years ago
another way to display your clob details !

    $query = "select * from Your_clob_table";
    $stmt = OCIParse($conn, $query);
    ociexecute($stmt);
       
        while ( OCIFetch($stmt))
        {
         $lob = OCIResult($stmt,"CLOB_MESSAGE");
         $CLOB_MESSAGE = $lob->load();
         echo $CLOB_MESSAGE;
        }

this works,
up
0
moom_mong at yahoo dot com
12 years ago
To read a lob, other way:

$sql = OCIParse("select * from table_with_lob_field");
OCIExecute($sql, OCI_DEFAULT);
while ( OCIFetch($sql)) {
 $o = ociresult($sql,"loc_field_name");
 $loc_field_name = $o->load();
 print $loc_field_name;
};
up
0
jcd at iddg dot com
14 years ago
[Editor's note: don't use '&' for parameters in bind calls in PHP 5]

The code up above is somewhat correct... here's an example of how I got a CLOB to work

<?php
function insert_adinfo($AdInfoID, $MagazineType, $Publish, $DatePost, $BodyText)
{
   global
$db;

   
// Insert record into database
   
$clob = OCINewDescriptor($db, OCI_D_LOB);
   
$stmt = OCIParse($db,"insert into tblAdInfo values ($AdInfoID,                  $MagazineType, '$Publish', to_date('$DatePost', 'YYYY-MM-DD'),                  EMPTY_CLOB()) returning BodyText into :the_blob");
   
OCIBindByName($stmt, ':the_blob', &$clob, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
   
OCIExecute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
    if(
$clob->save($BodyText)){
       
OCICommit($db);
    }else{
        echo
"Problems: Couldn't upload Clob\n";
    }
  
  
OCIFreeDescriptor($clob);
  
OCIFreeStatement($stmt);
}
?>
up
-1
Mike
1 year ago
If you're passing a clob variable to oracle stored procedure, you could:

<?php
$qry
= 'begin my_sp(:largetext); end;';
$stmt = oci_parse($conn, $qry); //definition of $conn is not included here
$clob = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":largetext", $clob, -1, OCI_B_CLOB);
$clob->writetemporary($mylargedata);
oci_execute($stmt);
$clob->free();
oci_free_statement($stmt);
?>

Hopefully this will help!
up
-1
Ben Hubbard ben at vonik dot com
8 years ago
Here is another example of how to insert a BLOB into table using a PL/SQL function.

Oracle Database Code:

create table blob_table ( the_blob blob);

create or replace function insert_blob(out_blob out blob)
    return integer is
    begin
       insert into blob_table values (EMPTY_BLOB())
         return the_blob into out_blob;
       return 0; /* Success */
    end insert_blob;

PHP Code:

<?php
  $iResult
= -1;
 
$strTestData = 'Testing 123';
 
$conn = oci_connect($user, $password);
 
$stmt = oci_parse($conn, "begin :RES := insert_blob(:OUT_BLOB); end;");
 
 
$objBlob = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
 
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":RES", $iResult);
 
oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":OUT_BLOB", $objBlob, -1, OCI_B_BLOB);
 
oci_execute($stmt, OCI_DEFAULT);
 
$objBlob->write($strTestData);
 
oci_commit($conn);
 
$objBlob->free();
 
oci_free_statement($stmt);
?>
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