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gzencode

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5)

gzencodeCreate a gzip compressed string

Beschreibung

string gzencode ( string $data [, int $level = -1 [, int $encoding_mode = FORCE_GZIP ]] )

This function returns a compressed version of the input data compatible with the output of the gzip program.

For more information on the GZIP file format, see the document: » GZIP file format specification version 4.3 (RFC 1952).

Parameter-Liste

data

The data to encode.

level

The level of compression. Can be given as 0 for no compression up to 9 for maximum compression. If not given, the default compression level will be the default compression level of the zlib library.

encoding_mode

The encoding mode. Can be FORCE_GZIP (the default) or FORCE_DEFLATE.

If you use FORCE_DEFLATE, you get a standard zlib deflated string (inclusive zlib headers) after the gzip file header but without the trailing crc32 checksum.

R├╝ckgabewerte

The encoded string, or FALSE if an error occurred.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
4.2.0 The encoding_mode parameter was added

Beispiele

The resulting data contains the appropriate headers and data structure to make a standard .gz file, e.g.:

Beispiel #1 Creating a gzip file

<?php
$data 
implode(""file("bigfile.txt"));
$gzdata gzencode($data9);
$fp fopen("bigfile.txt.gz""w");
fwrite($fp$gzdata);
fclose($fp);
?>

Siehe auch

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User Contributed Notes 10 notes

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2
getmequick at dot com
5 years ago
NOTE:

doing like this and so on

<?php
  file_put_contents
('output.gz', gzencode( file_get_contents('input.file'),9));
?>

(complete file reading)

may cause memory overflow (Fatal error: Allowed memory size of ..), so it's better to read by parts/bytes.
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1
tychay at alumni dot caltech dot edu
12 years ago
The 10 byte string in gzencode is the standard gzip header. The first two bytes (1f 8b) define the return as a gzip file, the third byte (08) means that the body is compressed using the "deflate" algorithm. The rest is padding (00)'s.

Technically, I believe one should check if the third byte is hex 08 and if so strip off the first ten bytes and last four bytes and run inflate on it. The last four bytes are file size and checksum bits.

In practice, you can get away with just stripping the first 10 bytes and running inflate on it.

Hope this helps,

terry
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1
henryk at ploetzli dot ch
12 years ago
Well, I was looking for a gzdecode too and didn't consider the temporary file example above to be very elegant.
However, as is noted in the very first comment: gzencode() only adds a  10 byte header.

I don't quite know what this header is supposed to be used for, but gzinflate() certainly doesn't like it, so I stripped it off:

function my_gzdecode($string) {
  $string = substr($string, 10);
  return gzinflate($string);
}

That's useful to read HTTP-Connections that were compressed by mod_gzip.
--
Henryk Pl÷tz
GrŘ▀e aus Berlin
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1
geompse at gmail dot com
3 years ago
Had some trouble finding the correct way to send a Content-Length header with HTTP compression.
The pitch is to use gzencode (not gzdeflaten not gzcompress).

<?php

// disable ZLIB ouput compression
ini_set('zlib.output_compression','Off');

// compress data
$gzipoutput = gzencode($output,6);

// various headers, those with # are mandatory
header('Content-Type: application/x-download');
header('Content-Encoding: gzip'); #
header('Content-Length: '.strlen($gzipoutput)); #
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="myfile.name"');
header('Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate');
header('Pragma: no-cache');

// output data
echo $gzipoutput;

?>
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1
Sam Dowling
3 years ago
this is a benchmark test of gzencode (.txt file)
----------------------------------------------
original file size = 3.29 MB (3,459,978 bytes)
compress lvl 1 = 1.09 MB (1,144,006 bytes)
compress lvl 2 = 1.06 MB (1,119,518 bytes)
compress lvl 3 = 1.03 MB (1,085,567 bytes)
compress lvl 4 = 953 KB (976,538 bytes)
compress lvl 5 = 909 KB (931,486 bytes)
compress lvl 6 = 910 KB (932,516 bytes)
compress lvl 7 = 910 KB (932,608 bytes)
compress lvl 8 = 910 KB (932,646 bytes)
compress lvl 9 = 910 KB (932,652 bytes)
----------------------------------------------
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0
gazj at nukemodified dot com
6 years ago
here is my clean up of supaplex %at% pcbkits %d0t% c0m
submission above.

function alt_gzdecode($gzdatadecode) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second.
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";
  if(file_exists($eh)){

  $gzf=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($gzf,$gzdatadecode);
  fclose($gzf);

  $gzf = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  $gzdatadecode=gzpassthru($gzf);
  unlink($eh);

  return $gzdatadecode;
  }else{
  return 'File '.$eh.' was not found.';
  }
}
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0
cbrunon at free dot fr
8 years ago
Correct is:
<?php
  file_put_contents
('output.gz', gzencode( file_get_contents('input.file'),9));
?>
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0
mm.. oops? - amendum (yes, tested hehe.)
13 years ago
function alt_gzdecode($str) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";

  $fd=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($fd,$str);
  fclose($fd);

  unset($str);

  $fd = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  while (1==1) {
    $s=gzread($fd,10240);
    if ("$s" == "") {
      break;
    }
    $str=$str . $s;
  }
  unlink($eh);

  return $str;
}
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-1
katzlbtjunk at hotmail dot com
6 years ago
Aaron G. 07-Aug-2004 03:29 posted the excellent function gzdecode() (SEE BELOW)
BUGFIX: Change: if($flags & 1) to ... if($flags & 2)

Unfortunately the function gzencode() does NOT append a CRC! So the previous version worked with output of gzencode but not with output of the gzip program itself.
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-3
< supaplex %at% pcbkits %d0t% c0m >
13 years ago
I was almost discouraged when I didn't find a gzdecode() function!  However, fear not, for I'll contribute my work... :)
function alt_gzdecode($str) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second.
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";


  $fd=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($fd,$str);
  fclose($fd);

  $fd = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  $str=gzpassthru($fd);
  unlink($eh);

  return $str;
}

It's only ugly point is that it does not check to see if the file already exists.  You may also have to adjust reference names like $str and $fd if they stomp on your code. (Sorry, but this is all you get atm! ;} )  If your conserned about a race condition, cry for a internal gzdecode() function that actualy functions...
I spent about 3 hours straight debugging this problem.  I know the input data was valid, becuase I validated it with MD5() to compare to the md5's I had made of the input data before hand.  I'm not sure whats up with gzuncompress or gzinflate, but this works in its place . . .

Enjoy!
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