PHP 5.6.0 released

get_meta_tags

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

get_meta_tagsLiest alle content-Attribute der Meta-Tags einer Datei aus und gibt ein Array zurück

Beschreibung

array get_meta_tags ( string $filename [, bool $use_include_path = false ] )

Öffnet filename und untersucht die Datei Zeile für Zeile auf das Vorkommen von <meta>-Tags. Das Parsen wird beim ersten Auftreten von </head> beendet.

Parameter-Liste

filename

Der Pfad zur HTML-Datei im Stringformat. Die Datei kann lokal oder als ein URL vorliegen.

Beispiel #1 Was get_meta_tags() parst

<meta name="author" content="name">
<meta name="keywords" content="php documentation">
<meta name="DESCRIPTION" content="a php manual">
<meta name="geo.position" content="49.33;-86.59">
</head> <!-- parsing stops here -->
(Geben Sie auf die Zeilenenden acht - PHP verwendet eine native Funktion, um den Input zu parsen, daher werden Mac-Dateien auf einem Unix-System zu Fehlern führen.)

use_include_path

Ist use_include_path auf TRUE gesetzt, wird PHP immer versuchen, die gesuchte Datei innerhalb des Standard-Include-Pfades, wie er via include_path-Direktive angegeben ist, zu finden. Diese angabe wird nur für lokale Dateien nicht jedoch für URLs verwendet.

Rückgabewerte

Gibt ein Array mit allen geparsten Metatags zurück.

Der Wert des name-Attributs wird dabei zum Schlüssel, der Wert des content-Attributs wird der Wert des zurückgegebenen Arrays, so dass Sie einfach die Standard-Arrayfunktionen verwenden können, um durch das gesamte Array zu traversieren oder auf einzelne Werte davon zuzugreifen. Sonderzeichen im Wert des name-Attributs werden mit '_' ersetzt, alle anderen Zeichen werden in Kleinbuchstaben konvertiert. Haben zwei Metatags den gleichen Namen, wird nur der letzte zurückgegeben.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
4.0.5 Support für ungequotete HTML-Attribute hinzugefügt.

Beispiele

Beispiel #2 Was get_meta_tags() zurückgibt

<?php
// Angenommen die genannten Tags stuenden auf www.example.com
$tags get_meta_tags('http://www.example.com/');

// Beachten Sie, dass alle Keys kleingeschrieben werden
// und dass . im Schluessel durch _ ersetzt wird.
echo $tags['author'];       // name
echo $tags['keywords'];     // php documentation
echo $tags['description'];  // a php manual
echo $tags['geo_position']; // 49.33;-86.59
?>

Siehe auch

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 17 notes

up
2
roganty at gmail dot com
8 years ago
This is a slight amendment to jimmyxx at gmail dot com function

I tried using the regex displayed in his code, and php threw up a couple of errors

Below is the correct regular expression that works
(Please note that I had to split the regex into strings because php.net was complaining about the line being to long)
<?php
preg_match_all
(
  
"|<meta[^>]+name=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]" . "+content=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]+>|i",
  
$html, $out,PREG_PATTERN_ORDER);
?>

The problem was due to the quotes being incorrectly escaped.
I hope this helps anyone who has been having problems with his code
up
1
doob_ at gmx dot de
5 years ago
<?php

/*
** Extracts and formats meta tag content
*/

function get_meta_data($url, $searchkey='') {   
   
$data = get_meta_tags($url);    // get the meta data in an array
   
foreach($data as $key => $value) {
        if(
mb_detect_encoding($value, 'UTF-8, ISO-8859-1', true) != 'ISO-8859-1') {    // check whether the content is UTF-8 or ISO-8859-1
           
$value = utf8_decode($value);    // if UTF-8 decode it
       
}
       
$value = strtr($value, get_html_translation_table(HTML_ENTITIES));    // mask the content
       
if($searchkey != '') {    // if only one meta tag is in demand e.g. 'description'
           
if($key == $searchkey) {
               
$str = $value;    // just return the value
           
}
        } else {   
// all meta tags
           
$pattern = '/ |,/i';    // ' ' or ','
           
$array = preg_split($pattern, $value, -1, PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY);    // split it in an array, so we have the count of words           
           
$str .= '<p><span style="display:block;color:#000000;font-weight:bold;">' . $key . ' <span style="font-weight:normal;">(' . count($array) . ' words | ' . strlen($value) . ' chars)</span></span>' . $value . '</p>';    // format data with count of words and chars
       
}
    }
    return
$str;
}

$content .= get_meta_data("http://www.example.com/");
/*
output looks like this:

description (23 words | 167 chars)
SELFHTML 8.1.2 - Die bekannte Dokumentation zu HTML, JavaScript und CGI/Perl - Tutorial und Referenz, mit etlichen Zusatztips zu Design, Grafik, Projektverwaltung usw.

keywords (13 words | 119 chars)
SELFHTML, HTML, Dynamic HTML, JavaScript, CGI, Perl, Grafik, WWW-Seiten, Web-Seiten, Hilfe, Dokumentation, Beschreibung

etc.

*/

$content .= get_meta_data("http://www.example.com/", "description");
/*
output looks like this:

SELFHTML 8.1.2 - Die bekannte Dokumentation zu HTML, JavaScript und CGI/Perl - Tutorial und Referenz, mit etlichen Zusatztips zu Design, Grafik, Projektverwaltung usw.
*/

?>
up
1
diel at caroes dot be
6 years ago
Quick meta data grabber
[code]
if(get_meta_tags('http://'.$_POST['pagina'])){
        print '<font class="midden">Meta data from http://'.$_POST['pagina'].'</font>';
        $metadata = get_meta_tags('http://'.$_POST['pagina']);
        echo '<table width="100%">';
        print '<tr><td>Meta</td><td>Waarde</td></tr>';
        foreach($metadata as $naam => $waarde){
            echo '<tr><td valign="top">'.$naam.'</td><td>'.$waarde.'</td></tr>';
        }
        print '</table>';
    }else{
        print '
        <div class="red_h">Incorrect</div>
        ';
    }
[/code]
up
1
mariano at cricava dot com
8 years ago
Based on Michael Knapp's code, and adding some regex, here's a function that will get all meta tags and the title based on a URL. If there's an error, it will return false. Using the function getUrlContents(), also included, it takes care of META REFRESH re-directions, following up to the specified number of redirections. Please note that the regular expressions included were split into strings because php.net was complaining about the line being to long ;)

<?php
function getUrlData($url)
{
   
$result = false;
   
   
$contents = getUrlContents($url);

    if (isset(
$contents) && is_string($contents))
    {
       
$title = null;
       
$metaTags = null;
       
       
preg_match('/<title>([^>]*)<\/title>/si', $contents, $match );

        if (isset(
$match) && is_array($match) && count($match) > 0)
        {
           
$title = strip_tags($match[1]);
        }
       
       
preg_match_all('/<[\s]*meta[\s]*name="?' . '([^>"]*)"?[\s]*' . 'content="?([^>"]*)"?[\s]*[\/]?[\s]*>/si', $contents, $match);
       
        if (isset(
$match) && is_array($match) && count($match) == 3)
        {
           
$originals = $match[0];
           
$names = $match[1];
           
$values = $match[2];
           
            if (
count($originals) == count($names) && count($names) == count($values))
            {
               
$metaTags = array();
               
                for (
$i=0, $limiti=count($names); $i < $limiti; $i++)
                {
                   
$metaTags[$names[$i]] = array (
                       
'html' => htmlentities($originals[$i]),
                       
'value' => $values[$i]
                    );
                }
            }
        }
       
       
$result = array (
           
'title' => $title,
           
'metaTags' => $metaTags
       
);
    }
   
    return
$result;
}

function
getUrlContents($url, $maximumRedirections = null, $currentRedirection = 0)
{
   
$result = false;
   
   
$contents = @file_get_contents($url);
   
   
// Check if we need to go somewhere else
   
   
if (isset($contents) && is_string($contents))
    {
       
preg_match_all('/<[\s]*meta[\s]*http-equiv="?REFRESH"?' . '[\s]*content="?[0-9]*;[\s]*URL[\s]*=[\s]*([^>"]*)"?' . '[\s]*[\/]?[\s]*>/si', $contents, $match);
       
        if (isset(
$match) && is_array($match) && count($match) == 2 && count($match[1]) == 1)
        {
            if (!isset(
$maximumRedirections) || $currentRedirection < $maximumRedirections)
            {
                return
getUrlContents($match[1][0], $maximumRedirections, ++$currentRedirection);
            }
           
           
$result = false;
        }
        else
        {
           
$result = $contents;
        }
    }
   
    return
$contents;
}
?>

Here's an example of its usage. Check that the included URL has a META REFRESH redirection:

<?php
$result
= getUrlData('http://www.marianoiglesias.com.ar/');

echo
'<pre>'; print_r($result); echo '</pre>';

?>

For the above code the output would be:

<?php
Array
(
    [
title] => Mariano Iglesias: El Eternauta   
   
[metaTags] => Array
        (
            [
description] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="description" content="Java, PHP, and some other technological mumble jumble. Also, some real-life stuff as well." />
                    [
value] => Java, PHP, and some other technological mumble jumble. Also, some real-life stuff as well.
                )

            [
DC.title] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="DC.title" content="Mariano Iglesias - Weblog" />
                    [
value] => Mariano Iglesias - Weblog
               
)

            [
ICBM] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="ICBM" content="-34.6017, -58.3956" />
                    [
value] => -34.6017, -58.3956
               
)

            [
geo.position] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="geo.position" content="-34.6017;-58.3956" />
                    [
value] => -34.6017;-58.3956
               
)

            [
geo.region] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="geo.region" content="AR-BA">
                    [
value] => AR-BA
               
)

            [
geo.placename] => Array
                (
                    [
html] => <meta name="geo.placename" content="Buenos Aires">
                    [
value] => Buenos Aires
               
)

        )

)
?>
up
1
tim dot bennett at haveaniceplay dot com
9 years ago
If you want to get the contents of tags other than meta you can use:

<?php

$page
= "http://www.mysite.com/apage.php";

   
// tags
   
$start = '<atag>';
   
$end = '<\/atag>';

   
// open the file
   
$fp = fopen( $page, 'r' );

   
$cont = "";

   
// read the contents
   
while( !feof( $fp ) ) {
       
$buf = trim( fgets( $fp, 4096 ) );
       
$cont .= $buf;
    }
   
   
// get tag contents
   
preg_match( "/$start(.*)$end/s", $cont, $match );

   
// tag contents
   
$contents = $match[ 1 ];

?>
up
1
richard at pifmagazine dot com
14 years ago
An Important Note about META tags and this function :  if your META tag contains newline "\n"  characters, get_meta_tags() will return a NULL value for that name property.  Removing the newlines from the source META tag corrects the problem.
up
0
richard dot dern at athaliasoft dot fr
10 months ago
I personally experienced less issues using the DOM functions than regular expressions while trying to fetch meta tags and not using get_meta_tags function (in order to get http-equiv meta tags too).

<?php

$doc
= new DOMDocument();
$doc->loadHTML($html);

$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);

$nodes = $xpath->query('//head/meta');

foreach(
$nodes as $node) {
    [...]
}

?>
up
0
Ebpo
1 year ago
Be aware that the function looks for the metatags in the whole page. If one of the meta is commented in your code for some reason, it will still be grabed.
up
0
jstel at 126 dot com
5 years ago
this function could get each meta of html content , and stripped all js and css.

<?php
function get_meta_data($content)
{
   
$content = strtolower($content);
   
$content = preg_replace("'<style[^>]*>.*</style>'siU",'',$content);  // strip js
   
$content = preg_replace("'<script[^>]*>.*</script>'siU",'',$content); // strip css
   
$split = explode("\n",$content);
    foreach (
$split as $k => $v)
    {
        if (
strpos(' '.$v,'<meta')) {
            
preg_match_all(
"/<meta[^>]+(http\-equiv|name)=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]" . "+content=\"([^\"]*)\"[^>]*>/i",
$v, $split_content[],PREG_PATTERN_ORDER);;
        }
    }
    return
$split_content;
}
?>
up
0
Michael Knapp
9 years ago
Tim's code is good (thanks Tim), except it won't work very well if the tag is part of a long non-breaking string.

E.g. try getting the title from Google Maps (http://www.google.com/maps).

A better solution is:

<?php
$title
= "";
   
if (
$fp = @fopen( $_POST['url'], 'r' )) {

   
$cont = "";
   
   
// read the contents
   
while( !feof( $fp ) ) {
      
$buf = trim(fgets( $fp, 4096 )) ;
      
$cont .= $buf;
    }

   
// get tag contents
   
@preg_match( "/<title>([a-z 0-9]*)<\/title>/si", $cont, $match );
   
   
// tag contents
   
$title = strip_tags(@$match[ 1 ]);
}

?>

Note the strip_tags. Another thing to be careful of is to check for ", <, and >. You will need to strip those out if you are posting the output to a form.

Also, it is probably best to use the /i modifier, because some people might code <TITLE> etc...
up
0
rehfeld
9 years ago
in response to
jp at webgraphe dot com

this function grabs meta tags, not http headers

if you need the headers

<?php

$fp
= fopen('http://example.org/somepage.html', 'r');

// the variable $http_response_header magically appears
print_r($http_response_header);

// or
$meta_data = stream_get_meta_data($fp);
print_r($meta_data);

?>
up
0
jp at webgraphe dot com
10 years ago
If the URL is doing a redirection using the headers (like you would do with PHP function header("Location: URL");), the page has no content (in general). It appears get_meta_tags() doesn't catch that kind of redirection (like cURL would do) and it lead me to a timeout of my script.

I experienced this in a spider I wrote in order to feed my database of all available pages on my site and one link was linking to a page that simply has the following code:

<?php
  header
("Location: sections.php?section=home");
  exit();
?>

That made my script hang for a moment and apparently, get_meta_tags() wasn't even able to return me an error.

JP.
up
0
Anonymous
12 years ago
Tested PHP 4.0.6

get_meta_tags() seems to look only in the beginning of a file, meaning that e.g. if there is a lot of PHP code before the HTML header it will return nothing ...
Tested using get_meta_tags() on local files with about 9000 characters of PHP code before HTML HEADER.

Workaround: if possible move code after header or if not: include a file.
up
0
Ben dot Davis at furman dot edu
13 years ago
I have found that for large searches, get_meta_tags is very slow.  I created a large search engine for a website that couldnt use a database and I first tried pulling out the meta tags. 
I have found that it is actually much faster to use eregi to pull out the meta tags.  This code below pulls out the description:

if (eregi ("<meta name=\"description\" content=[^>]*", $contents, $descresult))
                                {
                                    $description = explode("<meta name=\"description\" content=", $descresult[0]);
                                    echo "<font face=\"Arial\" size=2>$description[1]</font>";
                                   
                                }
up
0
richard at pifmagazine dot com
14 years ago
Something that is not mentioned above and should be : When using get_meta_tags on a remote PHP page the page will be parsed before the meta tags are returned - so you can capture meta tags generated dynamically (by PHP??) on the remote end.

This DOES NOT work the same way when getting meta tags on local file systems.  Local files are not parsed through the web server before returning to get_meta_tags().  If the META tag is hard-coded into the page, you'll be fine - but if it dynamically generated you will not be able to capture it unless you use the full URL when calling your local files.
up
-1
Antonio - Malaga
5 years ago
It's not work if meta syntax not have trailing slash.
up
-1
jimmyxx at gmail dot com
8 years ago
I used this as part of my mini php search based search engine - it really slowed the whole thing down. I wrote this function to read HTML (just fetch the file or use something like snoopy) and extract the meta data via a simple regex, works a treat and made my crawler much faster:

<?php

function get_meta_data($html) {

   
preg_match_all(
   
"|<meta[^>]+name=\\"([^\\"]*)\\"[^>]+content=\\"([^\\"]*)\\"[^>]+>|i"$html, $out,PREG_PATTERN_ORDER);

    for (
$i=0;$i < count($out[1]);$i++) {
       
// loop through the meta data - add your own tags here if you need
       
if (strtolower($out[1][$i]) == "keywords") $meta['keywords'] = $out[2][$i];
        if (
strtolower($out[1][$i]) == "description") $meta['description'] = $out[2][$i];
    }

return
$meta;   
}

?>
To Top