PHP 5.6.0 released

floatval

(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5)

floatvalKonvertiert einen Wert nach float

Beschreibung

float floatval ( mixed $var )

Konvertiert var nach float.

Parameter-Liste

var

Kann jeder skalare Typ sein. floatval() sollte nicht auf Objekte angewandt werden, da dies eine Meldung vom Typ E_NOTICE erzeugt und den Wert 1 liefert.

Rückgabewerte

Der float-Wert der übergebenen Variable. Leere Arrays geben immer den Wert 0 zurück, nichtleere Arrays den Wert 1.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 floatval()-Beispiel

<?php
$var 
'122.34343The';
$float_value_of_var floatval($var);
echo 
$float_value_of_var// 122.34343
?>

Siehe auch

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 17 notes

up
15
Anonymous
9 years ago
you can also use typecasting instead of functions:

(float) $value;
up
3
brewal dot renault at gmail dot com
6 months ago
This function takes the last comma or dot (if any) to make a clean float, ignoring thousand separator, currency or any other letter :

function tofloat($num) {
    $dotPos = strrpos($num, '.');
    $commaPos = strrpos($num, ',');
    $sep = (($dotPos > $commaPos) && $dotPos) ? $dotPos :
        ((($commaPos > $dotPos) && $commaPos) ? $commaPos : false);
  
    if (!$sep) {
        return floatval(preg_replace("/[^0-9]/", "", $num));
    }

    return floatval(
        preg_replace("/[^0-9]/", "", substr($num, 0, $sep)) . '.' .
        preg_replace("/[^0-9]/", "", substr($num, $sep+1, strlen($num)))
    );
}

$num = '1.999,369€';
var_dump(tofloat($num)); // float(1999.369)
$otherNum = '126,564,789.33 m²';
var_dump(tofloat($otherNum)); // float(126564789.33)

Demo : http://codepad.org/NW4e9hQH
up
6
anonymous at start dot be
10 years ago
Easier-to-grasp-function for the ',' problem.

<?php
function Getfloat($str) {
  if(
strstr($str, ",")) {
   
$str = str_replace(".", "", $str); // replace dots (thousand seps) with blancs
   
$str = str_replace(",", ".", $str); // replace ',' with '.'
 
}
 
  if(
preg_match("#([0-9\.]+)#", $str, $match)) { // search for number that may contain '.'
   
return floatval($match[0]);
  } else {
    return
floatval($str); // take some last chances with floatval
 
}
}

echo
Getfloat("$ 19.332,35-"); // will print: 19332.35
?>
up
4
PapaPinguoin
2 years ago
To view the very large and very small numbers (eg from a database DECIMAL), without displaying scientific notation, or leading zeros.

FR : Pour afficher les très grand et très petits nombres (ex. depuis une base de données DECIMAL), sans afficher la notation scientifique, ni les zéros non significatifs.

<?php
function floattostr( $val )
{
   
preg_match( "#^([\+\-]|)([0-9]*)(\.([0-9]*?)|)(0*)$#", trim($val), $o );
    return
$o[1].sprintf('%d',$o[2]).($o[3]!='.'?$o[3]:'');
}
?>

<?php
echo floattostr("0000000000000001");
echo
floattostr("1.00000000000000");
echo
floattostr("0.00000000001000");
echo
floattostr("0000.00010000000");
echo
floattostr("000000010000000000.00000000000010000000000");
echo
floattostr("-0000000000000.1");
echo
floattostr("-00000001.100000");

// result
// 1
// 1
// 0.00000000001
// 0.0001
// 10000000000.0000000000001
// -0.1
// -1.1

?>
up
1
chris at georgakopoulos dot com
5 years ago
locale aware floatval:

<?php
function ParseFloat($floatString){
   
$LocaleInfo = localeconv();
   
$floatString = str_replace($LocaleInfo["mon_thousands_sep"] , "", $floatString);
   
$floatString = str_replace($LocaleInfo["mon_decimal_point"] , ".", $floatString);
    return
floatval($floatString);
}
?>
up
0
steve at opilo dot net
6 years ago
Most of the functions listed here that deal with $ and , are unnecessarily complicated. You can use ereg_replace() to strip out ALL of the characters that will cause floatval to fail in one simple line of code:

<?php $output = floatval(ereg_replace("[^-0-9\.]","",$input)); ?>
up
0
leprau at leprau dot de
7 years ago
For those of you, who are looking for a function that rips the first,
but longest possible float (or at least integer) from a string,
like 123.45 from the string "Price: 123,45$"

If no useable value is found, the function returns false.

Checks for both comma and dot as decimal-separator,
but does not check for 3 digits between thousands,
so 1,234.5 is as valid as 1,23,4.5 (both will return 1234.5)

12,.3 will return 12
1,000,000 will return 1000.0 !

(if thousands separator is defined,
decimals should be defined too ...
in fact I was too lazy to check for that too)

Here you go, and feel free to optimize the function ;)
<?php
function getFloat($pString) {
    if (
strlen($pString) == 0) {
            return
false;
    }
   
$pregResult = array();

   
$commaset = strpos($pString,',');
    if (
$commaset === false) {$commaset = -1;}

   
$pointset = strpos($pString,'.');
    if (
$pointset === false) {$pointset = -1;}

   
$pregResultA = array();
   
$pregResultB = array();

    if (
$pointset < $commaset) {
       
preg_match('#(([-]?[0-9]+(\.[0-9])?)+(,[0-9]+)?)#', $pString, $pregResultA);
    }
   
preg_match('#(([-]?[0-9]+(,[0-9])?)+(\.[0-9]+)?)#', $pString, $pregResultB);
    if ((isset(
$pregResultA[0]) && (!isset($pregResultB[0])
            ||
strstr($preResultA[0],$pregResultB[0]) == 0
           
|| !$pointset))) {
       
$numberString = $pregResultA[0];
       
$numberString = str_replace('.','',$numberString);
       
$numberString = str_replace(',','.',$numberString);
    }
    elseif (isset(
$pregResultB[0]) && (!isset($pregResultA[0])
            ||
strstr($pregResultB[0],$preResultA[0]) == 0
           
|| !$commaset)) {
       
$numberString = $pregResultB[0];
       
$numberString = str_replace(',','',$numberString);
    }
    else {
        return
false;
    }
   
$result = (float)$numberString;
    return
$result;
}
?>
up
0
aa at geb-team dot de
7 years ago
@pillepop2003 at yahoo dot de

<?php
float
('-100.00', array('single_dot_as_decimal' => true)); // whoops, returns -10000
?>

use: "/^[0-9-]*[\.]{1}[0-9-]+$/"
instead of: "/^[0-9]*[\.]{1}[0-9-]+$/"
up
0
pillepop2003 at yahoo dot de
9 years ago
Use this snippet to extract any float out of a string. You can choose how a single dot is treated with the (bool) 'single_dot_as_decimal' directive.
This function should be able to cover almost all floats that appear in an european environment.

<?php

   
function float($str, $set=FALSE)
    {           
        if(
preg_match("/([0-9\.,-]+)/", $str, $match))
        {
           
// Found number in $str, so set $str that number
           
$str = $match[0];
           
            if(
strstr($str, ','))
            {
               
// A comma exists, that makes it easy, cos we assume it separates the decimal part.
               
$str = str_replace('.', '', $str);    // Erase thousand seps
               
$str = str_replace(',', '.', $str);    // Convert , to . for floatval command
               
               
return floatval($str);
            }
            else
            {
               
// No comma exists, so we have to decide, how a single dot shall be treated
               
if(preg_match("/^[0-9]*[\.]{1}[0-9-]+$/", $str) == TRUE && $set['single_dot_as_decimal'] == TRUE)
                {
                   
// Treat single dot as decimal separator
                   
return floatval($str);
                   
                }
                else
                {
                   
// Else, treat all dots as thousand seps
                   
$str = str_replace('.', '', $str);    // Erase thousand seps
                   
return floatval($str);
                }               
            }
        }
       
        else
        {
           
// No number found, return zero
           
return 0;
        }
    }

// Examples

echo float('foo 123,00 bar'); // returns 123.00
echo float('foo 123.00 bar' array('single_dot_as_decimal'=> TRUE)); //returns 123.000
echo float('foo 123.00 bar' array('single_dot_as_decimal'=> FALSE)); //returns 123000
echo float('foo 222.123.00 bar' array('single_dot_as_decimal'=> TRUE)); //returns 222123000
echo float('foo 222.123.00 bar' array('single_dot_as_decimal'=> FALSE)); //returns 222123000

// The decimal part can also consist of '-'
echo float('foo 123,-- bar'); // returns 123.00

?>

Big Up.
Philipp
up
0
vickers at hotpop dot com
10 years ago
floatval() does not work with "$35,234.43", as it could not handle the '$' and the ','.  The following takes care of all values, such that only numeric and the decimal sign are input into floatval().  (It probably shows I'm an old 'c' guy)...this function only lightly tested.

<?php
function strtflt($str) {
   
$il = strlen($str);
   
$flt = "";
   
$cstr = "";
   
    for(
$i=0;$i<$il;$i++) {
       
$cstr = substr($str, $i, 1);
        if(
is_numeric($cstr) || $cstr == ".")
           
$flt = $flt.$cstr;
    }
    return
floatval($flt);
}
?>

Richard Vickers
vickers@hotpop.com
up
0
jason at shadonet dot com
11 years ago
Instead of using floatval which only appeared in PHP 4.2 you could juse use $variable = (float)$variable

This function doesn't seem to add any functionality that wasn't already there.
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-1
info at marc-gutt dot de
6 years ago
<?php
function floatvalue($value) {
     return
floatval(preg_replace('#^([-]*[0-9\.,\' ]+?)((\.|,){1}([0-9-]{1,2}))*$#e', "str_replace(array('.', ',', \"'\", ' '), '', '\\1') . '.\\4'", $value));
}
?>

It is much shorter and able to handle those one, too:
xx,-
xx,--
xx'xxx,xx

After using floatvalue() you can go forward with number_format() as usual.
up
-1
Michiel
6 years ago
The last getFloat() function is not completely correct.

1.000.000 and 1,000,000 and its negative variants are not correctly parsed. For the sake of comparing and to make myself clear I use the name parseFloat in stead of getFloat for the new function:

<?php
function parseFloat($ptString) {
            if (
strlen($ptString) == 0) {
                    return
false;
            }
           
           
$pString = str_replace(" ", "", $ptString);
           
            if (
substr_count($pString, ",") > 1)
               
$pString = str_replace(",", "", $pString);
           
            if (
substr_count($pString, ".") > 1)
               
$pString = str_replace(".", "", $pString);
           
           
$pregResult = array();
       
           
$commaset = strpos($pString,',');
            if (
$commaset === false) {$commaset = -1;}
       
           
$pointset = strpos($pString,'.');
            if (
$pointset === false) {$pointset = -1;}
       
           
$pregResultA = array();
           
$pregResultB = array();
       
            if (
$pointset < $commaset) {
               
preg_match('#(([-]?[0-9]+(\.[0-9])?)+(,[0-9]+)?)#', $pString, $pregResultA);
            }
           
preg_match('#(([-]?[0-9]+(,[0-9])?)+(\.[0-9]+)?)#', $pString, $pregResultB);
            if ((isset(
$pregResultA[0]) && (!isset($pregResultB[0])
                    ||
strstr($preResultA[0],$pregResultB[0]) == 0
                   
|| !$pointset))) {
               
$numberString = $pregResultA[0];
               
$numberString = str_replace('.','',$numberString);
               
$numberString = str_replace(',','.',$numberString);
            }
            elseif (isset(
$pregResultB[0]) && (!isset($pregResultA[0])
                    ||
strstr($pregResultB[0],$preResultA[0]) == 0
                   
|| !$commaset)) {
               
$numberString = $pregResultB[0];
               
$numberString = str_replace(',','',$numberString);
            }
            else {
                return
false;
            }
           
$result = (float)$numberString;
            return
$result;
}
?>

Comparing of float parsing functions with the following function:

<?php
function testFloatParsing() {
   
$floatvals = array(
       
"22 000,76",
       
"22.000,76",
       
"22,000.76",
       
"22 000",
       
"22,000",
       
"22.000",
       
"22000.76",
       
"22000,76",
       
"1.022.000,76",
       
"1,022,000.76",
       
"1,000,000",
       
"1.000.000",
       
"1022000.76",
       
"1022000,76",
       
"1022000",
       
"0.76",
       
"0,76",
       
"0.00",
       
"0,00",
       
"1.00",
       
"1,00",
       
"-22 000,76",
       
"-22.000,76",
       
"-22,000.76",
       
"-22 000",
       
"-22,000",
       
"-22.000",
       
"-22000.76",
       
"-22000,76",
       
"-1.022.000,76",
       
"-1,022,000.76",
       
"-1,000,000",
       
"-1.000.000",
       
"-1022000.76",
       
"-1022000,76",
       
"-1022000",
       
"-0.76",
       
"-0,76",
       
"-0.00",
       
"-0,00",
       
"-1.00",
       
"-1,00"
   
);
   
    echo
"<table>
        <tr>
            <th>String</th>
            <th>floatval()</th>
            <th>getFloat()</th>
            <th>parseFloat()</th>
        </tr>"
;
       
    foreach (
$floatvals as $fval) {
        echo
"<tr>";
        echo
"<td>" . (string) $fval . "</td>";
       
        echo
"<td>" . (float) floatval($fval) . "</td>";
        echo
"<td>" . (float) getFloat($fval) . "</td>";
        echo
"<td>" . (float) parseFloat($fval) . "</td>";
        echo
"</tr>";
    }
    echo
"</table>";
}
?>
up
-1
Zipi
11 years ago
This function converts a string to a float no matter is the decimal separator dot (.) or comma (,). It also converts integers correctly. It takes the digits from the beginning of the string and ignores all other characters.

<?php
function floatval($strValue) {
  
$floatValue = ereg_replace("(^[0-9]*)(\\.|,)([0-9]*)(.*)", "\\1.\\3", $strValue);
   if (!
is_numeric($floatValue)) $floatValue = ereg_replace("(^[0-9]*)(.*)", "\\1", $strValue);
   if (!
is_numeric($floatValue)) $floatValue = 0;
   return
$floatValue;
  }
?>

-Zipi (Finland)
up
-3
ted devito
5 years ago
i noticed all (well, unless i missed something) the functions working with decimals destroy trailing decimal places. this function restores them in case you want to be able to display a consistent precision for users.

<?php
function decimal($val, $precision = 0) {
    if ((float)
$val) :
       
$val = round((float) $val, (int) $precision);
        list(
$a, $b) = explode('.', $val);
        if (
strlen($b) < $precision) $b = str_pad($b, $precision, '0', STR_PAD_RIGHT);
        return
$precision ? "$a.$b" : $a;
    else :
// do whatever you want with values that do not have a float
       
return $val;
    endif;
}
?>
up
-3
secretr at NOSPAM dot e107 dot org
3 years ago
setlocale() and floatval() duo could break your DB queries in a very simple way:

<?php
setlocale
(LC_ALL, 'bg_BG', 'bgr_BGR');
echo
floatval(0.15); // output 0,15
?>

You would need simple workaround like:

<?php
function number2db($value)
{
   
$larr = localeconv();
   
$search = array(
       
$larr['decimal_point'],
       
$larr['mon_decimal_point'],
       
$larr['thousands_sep'],
       
$larr['mon_thousands_sep'],
       
$larr['currency_symbol'],
       
$larr['int_curr_symbol']
    );
   
$replace = array('.', '.', '', '', '', '');

    return
str_replace($search, $replace, $value);
}

setlocale(LC_ALL, 'bg_BG', 'bgr_BGR');
$testVal = floatval(0.15); // result 0,15
var_dump($testVal, number2db($testVal));

// Result:
// float(0,15)
// string(4) "0.15"
?>
up
-3
balai01 at yahoo dot com
3 years ago
//changes comma to dot if any
//removes any currency symbol and gets the floatVar

$price_fl_point=(preg_replace("/,/",".",$price));
$price_c=floatval(preg_replace("/^[^0-9\.]/","",$price_fl_point));
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